How do women’s substance use problems, needs and outcomes differ from those of men? To mark International Women’s Day 2018, a collection of interventions that focus on women starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 59 documents.
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Compared to brief advice, the CHOICES Plus intervention significantly lowered the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies among women in a low-income primary care population. This US-based trial illustrates the efficacy of a bundle of ‘pre-conception’ services for risky drinking, smoking, and ineffective contraception.
Strongest support for ‘therapeutic community’ approach to incarceration-based drug treatment according to robust review of evidence – with consistent reductions found in both drug relapse and recidivism.
STUDY 2012 HTM file
An evaluation of the Option 2 intensive family preservation service
In Wales Option 2 works intensively over a few weeks with substance using parents whose children are at serious risk – serious enough for imminent care proceedings. This second evaluation confirmed that the cost-saving service helps keep children with their families without inadvertently harming the children.
REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Gender issues in the pharmacotherapy of opioid-addicted women: Buprenorphine
This paper reviews the treatment options for women dependent on opiate-type drugs, focussing on buprenorphine, including its safety for the treatment of pregnant and breastfeeding women.
A computer-delivered brief intervention plus booster mailings increased the alcohol abstinence rate and improved pregnancy outcomes among risky drinking pregnant women recruited at a US antenatal clinic, though in this small pilot trial the results were not statistically significant.
After intensive coaching in parenting conducted with mother and child together, randomly selected mothers in residential treatment demonstrated more sensitive parenting than mothers not allocated to the programme, promising to intercept inter-generational transmission of poor parenting.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
Women in drug treatment: what the latest figures reveal
National health authority responsible for promoting addiction treatment in says the data shows that women are proportionally well-represented in drug treatment programmes and that services reflect the specific needs of women and their changing patterns of drug use.
Heavy drinking by mothers-to-be threatens their unborn child – but for that very reason, stigma may mean women shy away from admitting their problem. This review found several brief screening questionnaires showed promise in identifying mothers who might need to cut back, while others seemed unsuitable for the antenatal care context.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
A randomized pilot study of the Engaging Moms Program for family drug court
US researchers may have found a better way to support mothers at risk of losing custody of their children so they engage in and benefit from substance use treatment and meet family court requirements, meaning more children can safely stay with their parents.
For the first time regular checkups to promote treatment re-entry have been tried with an all-female problem substance user caseload, and one leaving prison rather than community-based treatment. Over the first three months more returned to treatment more promptly. Previous studies suggest this will lead to reduced substance use, crime and HIV infections.
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