The <i>Addiction</i> archive

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The Addiction archive

Analyses of articles in the journal Addiction published by our partner the Society for the Study of Addiction starting with the most recently published article, totalling today 70 documents.

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STUDY 2018 HTM file
The impact of buprenorphine and methadone on mortality: a primary care cohort study in the United Kingdom

Hickman M., Steer C., Tilling K. et al.
Addiction: 2018, 113(8), p. 1461–1476.
Please come back again soon. This entry is under construction.

STUDY 2017 HTM file
Does paying service providers by results improve recovery outcomes for drug misusers in treatment in England?

Jones A., Pierce M., Sutton M. et al.
Addiction: 2017, 113(2), p. 279–286.
Substance use treatment commissioned on a payment-by-results basis in England has been linked to higher rates of in-treatment abstinence and non-injecting than other commissioning models, but lower rates of treatment initiation and completion. Is this enough to support the policy?

REVIEW 2017 HTM file
Pharmacologically controlled drinking in the treatment of alcohol dependence or alcohol use disorders: a systematic review with direct and network meta-analyses on nalmefene, naltrexone, acamprosate, baclofen and topiramate

Palpacuer C., Duprez R., Huneau A. et al.
Addiction: 2017, in press.
In 2013 nalmefene was authorised for moderating drinking among patients not in need of detoxification, extending pharmacotherapy to less dependent drinkers. Though uniquely authorised for this purpose, this review found other (and probably cheaper) drugs have been just as or possibly more effective, but for none was there high quality evidence.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Effectiveness of Scotland’s National Naloxone Programme for reducing opioid-related deaths: a before (2006–10) versus after (2011–13) comparison

Bird S.M., McAuley A., Perry S. et al.
Addiction: 2016, 111(5), p.883–891.
In 2011 Scotland became the first country to fund a national policy of distributing the opiate-blocker naloxone to prevent deaths involving opiate-type drugs. According to this evaluation it did prevent deaths where the effect was most likely to be seen – in the weeks after release from prison.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Effectiveness of a universal internet-based prevention program for ecstasy and new psychoactive substances: A cluster randomized controlled trial

Champion K.E., Newton N.C., Stapinski L.A. et al.
Addiction: 2016, 111, p. 1396–1405.
An online course implemented in Australian secondary schools improved on standard health and drug education by reducing intentions to use new psychoactive substances and in the short-term increasing knowledge about these substances and about ecstasy.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
The Public Health Responsibility deal: has a public-private partnership brought about action on alcohol reduction?

Knai C., Petticrew M., Durand M.A. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 1000(8), p. 1217–1225.
At the heart of the UK government’s alcohol strategy are ‘Responsibility Deal’ pledges made by alcohol companies, but rather than being prompted by the deal, this report says actions committed to were usually already done or underway. Other sources suggest the process helped forestall a more effective measure – a minimum per unit price for alcohol.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
The impact of paying treatment providers for outcomes: difference-in-differences analysis of the ‘payment by results for drugs recovery’ pilot

Mason T., Sutton M., Whittaker W. et al
Addiction: 2015, 110(7), p. 1120–1128.
A flagship drug treatment policy initiative appears to have backfired in England, where the government’s pilot payment-by-results schemes seem to have led to fewer successful completions of treatment and more prospective patients declining treatment.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Are the Public Health Responsibility Deal alcohol pledges likely to improve public health? An evidence synthesis

Knai C., Petticrew M., Durand M.A. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 1000(8), p. 1232–1246.
Even if fully implemented, pledges made by alcohol companies under the ‘Responsibility Deal’ for England would be unlikely to significantly affect consumption or health, judge the deal’s evaluators. Instead, other sources suggest they helped forestall a more effective measure – a minimum per unit price for alcohol.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
A comparison of the efficacy of brief interventions to reduce hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption between European and non-European countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Elzerbi C., Donoghue K., Drummond C.
Addiction: 2015, 10(7), p. 1082–1091.
Amalgamation of results from relevant studies finds that in high-income nations brief alcohol advice to emergency or primary care patients remains effective whether trials take place in European or non-European drinking cultures and health service contexts. Impacts were however small and may not be duplicated in routine practice.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Risk of mortality on and off methadone substitution treatment in primary care: a national cohort study

Cousins G., Boland F., Courtney B. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 111, p. 73–82
Primary care methadone patients in Ireland were nearly four times more likely to die during periods out of treatment; the first few weeks after leaving were the peak risk period. The study’s support for unbroken, long-term treatment runs counter to recent UK government policy.

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