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STUDY 2010 Ethnic differences in drinking outcomes following a brief alcohol intervention in the trauma care setting HTM fileAt a US emergency department, a brief conversation about the pros and cons of their drinking and offers of support for any efforts to reduce harm led (compared to assessment and usual care) to extra reductions in the drinking of injured Hispanic patients but not white or black patients.
STUDY 2010 The role of ethnic matching between patient and provider on the effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions with Hispanics HTM fileAt a US emergency department, a brief conversation about the pros and cons of their risky drinking and offers of support for any efforts to reduce harm led to extra reductions in the drinking of Hispanic patients which were greatest when they were matched to a Hispanic and Spanish-speaking counsellor.
STUDY 2009 From in-session behaviors to drinking outcomes: a causal chain for motivational interviewing HTM fileThis substudy from the seminal US Project MATCH alcohol treatment trial found evidence for the appealingly simple and plausible conclusions that "What therapists reflect back, they will hear more of," and that promoting talk about change promotes change itself.
STUDY 2006 Improving continuity of care in a public addiction treatment system with clinical case management 106Kb PDF fileIn Philadelphia intensive case management created the kind of post-detoxification continuity of care which dramatically cut repeated admissions for detoxification, increased the numbers able to be treated, and offered patients a better chance of gaining lasting stability.
STUDY 2006 Naltrexone aids primary care alcohol treatment 170Kb PDF fileFindings from the large-scale US COMBINE study add to accumulating evidence that the drug naltrexone is a valuable therapeutic enhancement for the kind of dependent drinkers and the kind of treatments suited to primary care settings.
STUDY 2010 Counselor motivational interviewing skills and young adult change talk articulation during brief motivational interventions HTM fileIn the study of Swiss army conscripts, reflective listening emerged as possibly the key active ingredient in a brief alcohol intervention based on motivational interviewing.
STUDY 2010 Review of treatment for cocaine dependence HTM fileThis comprehensive review found strong evidence that some drugs can help treat cocaine dependence and that cognitive-behavioural therapy is a powerful tool to manage cravings and stresses, especially when allied with effective pharmacotherapies.
STUDY 2009 Secondary prevention of hazardous alcohol consumption in psychiatric out-patients: a randomised controlled study HTM fileSet in Sweden, the first study among psychiatric outpatients to test brief alcohol interventions against screening alone found worthwhile extra drinking reductions after brief motivational advice. Use of a telephone-based intervention was another innovation.
STUDY 2009 Translating effective web-based self-help for problem drinking into the real world HTM fileCombining a randomised trial with a 'real-world' test, studies of the Dutch Drinking Less programme have gone further than any others to establish the beneficial impacts of web-based alcohol self-help interventions.
STUDY 2006 Soup kitchen turned into therapeutic setting 169Kb PDF fileA successful group therapy programme at a large New York soup kitchen shows that welfare services with high concentrations of problem substance users can be transformed from environments which impede recovery into ones which promote it.