2019/20 update funded by

Alcohol Change UK web site. Opens new Window

Alcohol Change UK



Previously also funded by

Society for the Study of Addiction web site Society for the Study of Addiction

Developed with

Skills Consortium web site. Opens new window

Alcohol Treatment Matrix

Effectiveness Bank Alcohol Treatment Matrix

Includes brief interventions

Drug Treatment Matrix

Effectiveness Bank Drug Treatment Matrix

Includes harm reduction

About the matrices

Effectiveness Bank matrices

Articles, slides, and video


Comment/query

Send email for updates



Effectiveness bank home page. Opens new window Matrix cell

Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell D5 Matrix cell logo

Organisational functioning; Safeguarding the community

Seminal and key studies on organisational influences on alcohol treatment in criminal justice and allied contexts where the main aim or a major outcome is to reduce crime or otherwise safeguard the community.


S Seminal studiesK Key studiesR ReviewsG Guidancemore Search for more studies

Links to other documents. Hover over for notes. Click to highlight passage referred to. Unfold extra text Unfold supplementary text

K Inter-service networking associated with evidence-based treatment practices (2008). Rather than large, well resourced corporations, among treatment agencies working with US criminal justice services, smaller organisations which networked with other organisations were more closely associated with the adoption of evidence-based substance use treatment practices. Discussion in bite’s Issues section.

K Organisational stress and non-interventionist philosophy undermine drinkers’ hostel (1999). Criticised by other services, a London project housing rough sleepers unwilling to stop drinking retreated into a ‘siege mentality’, while a non-interventionist stance on drinking spilled over into a dangerously laissez-faire attitude. Discussion in cell C5’s bite.

K What sort of agencies can best run ‘wet‘ day centres? (2003). Based on detailed analysis of British centres, suggestions for the kinds of organisations, premises and locations which can best handle the daunting task of offering street drinkers a place where they can start to reverse years of deterioration. Discussion in cell C5’s bite.

K Motivational interviewing style clashes with criminal justice context (2001). Actual performance of US probation staff after motivational interviewing training contradicted promising written responses, and the officers were rated as less ‘genuine’ than before – a probable example of organisational context limiting how far they could genuinely stay true to motivational principles. Same study described in this Findings essay. Discussion in bite’s Issues section.

R Integrating substance use treatment and criminal justice supervision (2003). Analyses research to find the common organisational features of effective programmes. Drug-focused but with crossovers to alcohol.

R Do criminal justice settings undermine motivational interviewing? (2006). Asks whether the contradictions of at the same time helping and punishing, controlling and being client-centred (“motivational arm-twisting”), undermine motivational interviewing’s ethos and effectiveness. Discussion in bite’s Issues section.

R Transforming offender supervision into an agent for offender change (2002). Question addressed (p. 22) is how does the criminal justice supervision agency overcome the “social worker vs. law enforcement” conflict to transform itself into an agent not just for monitoring offenders, but bringing about positive changes in their behaviour. See also associated supervision manual. Discussion in bite’s Issues section.

G Manual for research-based offender supervision (2005). What research-based ‘tools of the trade’ (in the word of the title) does a criminal justice supervision agency need to transform it into a force for positive/therapeutic change in substance using and other offenders. See also associated review above from the same author.

G Characteristics of effective services for the children of problem drinkers (accessed 2017). Funded by the UK charity Comic Relief, a web resource to help managers, commissioners and practitioners develop and provide effective services for the children of problem-drinking parents. Based on UK research, the linked page describes the qualities of services found to deliver effective interventions.

more This search retrieves all relevant analyses.
For subtopics go to the subject search page and hot topic on why some treatment services are more effective than others.

Matrix Bite Open Matrix Bite guide to this cell Open Matrix Bite guide and commentary