Focus on women
 Focus on women

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Focus on women

How do women’s substance use problems, needs and outcomes differ from those of men? To mark International Women’s Day 2020, a collection of interventions that further our understanding of how sex and gender can influence the course of addiction and treatment, with a particular focus on women starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 70 documents.

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STUDY 2007 HTM file
Preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies: a randomized controlled trial

Foetal exposure to alcohol is a leading cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities. Targeting interventions at women before they become pregnant – as with Project CHOICES – could shift the focus in clinical practice from treatment of substance-exposed pregnancies to prevention of a major (and costly) public health concern.

REVIEW 2019 HTM file
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the cost of and savings from prevention in the United States and Canada

Study set in Canada and the United States finds more than enough financial justification for expanding prevention of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders. But what does ‘expansion’ mean – universal prevention, or focusing resources on those most at risk?

STUDY 2019 HTM file
The conversation matters: a qualitative study exploring the implementation of alcohol screening and brief interventions in antenatal care in Scotland

A study spotlights antenatal care in Scotland – one of three priority settings in a national programme to deliver screening and brief interventions. Implementation leaders discussed midwives’ roles in facilitating disclosures about drinking in pregnancy, and what happens when their professional opinions deviate from guidance.

STUDY 2019 HTM file
“We have to put the fire out first before we start rebuilding the house”: practitioners’ experiences of supporting women with histories of substance use, interpersonal abuse and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder

Within treatment systems that have tended to underestimate or overlook the importance of ‘trauma-informed’ practice, this study explores how practitioners in England respond to the needs of women with substance use problems, histories of abuse, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

REVIEW 2017 HTM file
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for opioid and other substance use during infertility treatment

How can infertility specialists integrate screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment into their everyday practice?

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations

Update of a key document forming the basis of claims that brief interventions work in ‘real-world’ settings. Combined findings from randomised trials confirm that brief advice in primary care can reduce drinking, but will those reductions be realised in contemporary routine practice?

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Establishing a ‘Corstonian’ continuous care pathway for drug using female prisoners: Linking drug recovery wings and women’s community services

How do drug recovery wings in women’s prisons compare with best practice in Baroness Corston’s 2007 report to the Home Office?

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Preventing drug abuse among adolescent girls: outcome data from an internet-based intervention

In this US study a substance use prevention programme for adolescent girls accessed over the internet from home had effects comparable to school-based drug education, yet occupied no classroom or teacher time and could inexpensively be replicated across the internet-linked population. Also described are later reports from similar studies.

REVIEW 2016 HTM file
Buprenorphine versus methadone for opioid dependence in pregnancy

Among pregnant women, substitute prescribing is preferable to continued illicit opioid use and supervised withdrawal. Buprenorphine has different properties to the dominant treatment option methadone, but both stand to improve pregnancy and infant outcomes.

REVIEW 2017 HTM file
A systematic review of interventions to reduce problematic substance use among transgender individuals: a call to action

Part review, part ‘call to action’, the featured paper highlights the lack of awareness of evidence-based interventions for transgender people, and advocates for ‘culturally-sensitive’ approaches embedded in both general and specialised substance use programmes.


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