Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 775 documents.

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REVIEW 2019 HTM file
The efficacy of spiritual/religious interventions for substance use problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Hai A.H., Franklin C., Park S. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2019, 202, p. 134–148.
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] Reviewing evidence over the previous three decades, the featured paper asked whether spiritual and religious interventions are effective for people with substance use problems.

MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell E1: Treatment systems; Screening and brief intervention

Ashton M.
Key studies and reviews on local, regional and national systems for implementing alcohol screening and brief intervention. Context is that Britain’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence insists commissioners and managers “must” provides the resources needed for brief intervention to become part of everyday work. Can these interventions be widely implemented, and even if they are, will they improve public health? See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.

MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell A2: Interventions; Generic and cross-cutting issues

Ashton M.
Seminal and key studies shedding light on aspects of the treatment of problem drinking relevant both to psychosocial and medical approaches.

STUDY 2019 HTM file
The conversation matters: a qualitative study exploring the implementation of alcohol screening and brief interventions in antenatal care in Scotland

Schölin L., Fitzgerald N.
Pregnancy and Childbirth: 2019, 19(316), p. 1–11.
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] A study spotlights antenatal care in Scotland – one of three priority settings in a national programme to deliver screening and brief interventions. Implementation leaders discussed midwives’ roles in facilitating disclosures about drinking in pregnancy, and what happens when their professional opinions deviate from guidance.

MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell C1: Management/supervision; Screening and brief intervention

Ashton M.
Seminal and key studies on management and supervision in screening and brief interventions for risky drinking. Highlights UK guidance which insists health service managers “must” support this work and the quandary over whether to insist on these procedures (taking time which could have been used in other ways) or to let practitioners and patients decide their priorities. See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.

STUDY 2019 HTM file
Impact of the introduction and withdrawal of financial incentives on the delivery of alcohol screening and brief advice in English primary health care: an interrupted time-series analysis

O’Donnell A., Angus C., Hanratty B. et al.
Addiction: 2019, early view online.
The clearest impact of financial incentives to screen primary care patients in England was the plummeting screening rate after the incentives were withdrawn. If these results are applicable to England as a whole, over the following 21 months withdrawing the payments resulted in 603,719 fewer patients being screened for risky drinking and 27,439 fewer receiving brief advice.

MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell B1: Practitioners; Screening and brief intervention

Ashton M.
Key studies on the impact of the practitioner in brief interventions. Highlights Swiss studies which dissected how these work and helps develop evidence-informed understanding of four issues: Why does the practitioner matter? Are some naturally effective? Does getting it wrong matter more than getting it right? What do we know about non-motivational interventions? See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.

MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell A1: Interventions; Screening and brief intervention

Ashton M.
Seminal and key research on the effectiveness of screening for risky drinking followed by brief interventions for people screening positive. Discusses the implications of the major UK trials intended to inform government policy, questions how ‘real world’ trials have been, and how strong the evidence is for the UK. See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.

STUDY 2019 HTM file
Immediate impact of minimum unit pricing on alcohol purchases in Scotland: controlled interrupted time series analysis for 2015–18

O’Donnell A., Anderson P., Jané-Llopis E. et al.
BMJ: 2019, 366.
Did minimum unit pricing have an immediate impact in Scotland, and did any evidence emerge to support fears that the policy would unfairly target moderate drinkers, particularly in lower income groups?

DOCUMENT 2019 HTM file
Prison Drugs Strategy

HM Prison and Probation Service.
HM Prison and Probation Service, 2019
National agency responsible for prison and probation services in England and Wales announces three-point plan for tackling the presence of drugs and drug use problems, based on the principles of restricting supply, reducing demand, and building recovery.


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