This entry is our analysis of a study added to the Effectiveness Bank. The original study was not published by Findings; click Title to order a copy. The summary conveys the findings and views expressed in the study.
Links to other documents. Hover over for notes. Click to highlight passage referred to. Unfold extra text
Copy title and link
| Comment/query |
Are alcohol excise taxes good for us? Short and long-term effects on mortality rates.
Cook P.J., Ostermann J., Sloan F.A.
Cambridge Massachusetts: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2005.
On the basis of US state-level data, concludes that higher alcohol taxes reduce the death rate by cutting consumption. Beneficial effects of moderate drinking in middle age are more than counter-balanced by adverse effects of heavier drinking and acute deaths in younger groups.
Summary Regression results from a 30-year panel of US state-level data indicate that changes in alcohol-excise taxes cause a reduction in drinking and lower all-cause mortality in the short run. But those results do not fully capture the long-term mortality effects of a permanent change in drinking levels. In particular, since moderate drinking has a protective effect against heart disease in middle age, it is possible that a reduction in per capita drinking will result in some people drinking "too little" and dying sooner than they otherwise would. To explore that possibility, we simulate the effect of a one per cent reduction in drinking on all-cause mortality for the age group 35–69, using several alternative assumptions about how the reduction is distributed across this population. We find that the long-term mortality effect of a one per cent reduction in drinking is essentially nil.
Last revised 13 January 2011
Give us your feedback on the site (two-minute survey)
Open Effectiveness Bank home page
Add your name to the mailing list to be alerted to new studies and other site updates
Top 10 most closely related documents on this site. For more try a subject or free text search
REVIEW 2010 Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic review
STUDY 2012 Mortality of harmful drinkers increased after reduction of alcohol prices in northern Finland: A 10-year follow-up of head trauma subjects
REVIEW 2010 The effectiveness of tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms
STUDY 2016 Model-based appraisal of the comparative impact of minimum unit pricing and taxation policies in Scotland
STUDY 2014 Potential benefits of minimum unit pricing for alcohol versus a ban on below cost selling in England 2014: modelling study
STUDY 2010 Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity
STUDY 2008 Independent review of the effects of alcohol pricing and promotion
STUDY 2014 Model-based appraisal of minimum unit pricing for alcohol in Wales
REVIEW 2016 A rapid evidence review of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of alcohol control policies: an English perspective
REVIEW 2012 Are alcohol prices and taxes an evidence-based approach to reducing alcohol-related harm and promoting public health and safety? A literature review