Latest alcohol analyses


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Latest alcohol analyses

Ten most recently added/updated alcohol-related Effectiveness Bank analyses compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK starting with the analyses most recently added or updated.

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Alcohol Matrix cell D3: Organisational functioning; Medical treatment

Ashton M.
Selected studies and reviews on how treatment organisations affect the implementation and effectiveness of medical interventions and treatment in medical settings. Asks whether evidence-based innovation is always a good thing, and explores the evidence for and against integrating substance use treatment with medical or psychiatric care.

Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell C3: Management/supervision; Medical treatment

Ashton M.
Seminal and key studies on the impact of management on medical interventions and treatment for problem drinking in medical settings. Asks how we can identify effective clinicians and effective medications, and highlights the remarkable transformation brought about in the 1950s at a US clinic which few referred patients attended and fewer still engaged with.

REVIEW 2019 HTM file
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the cost of and savings from prevention in the United States and Canada

Greenmyer J.R., Popova S., Klug M.G. et al.
Addiction: 2019, 115, p. 409–417.
Study set in Canada and the United States finds more than enough financial justification for expanding prevention of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders. But what does ‘expansion’ mean – universal prevention, or focusing resources on those most at risk?

STUDY 2019 HTM file
Brief alcohol intervention for risky drinking in young people aged 14–15 years in secondary schools: the SIPS JR-HIGH RCT

Giles E.L., McGeechan G.J., Coulton S. et al.
Public Health Research: 2019, 7(9).
Already delivering alcohol advice to young people as part of the curriculum, did UK secondary schools see a reduction in risky drinking after supplementing it with brief counselling sessions?

Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell B3: Practitioners; Medical treatment

Ashton M.
The most important seminal and key studies and reviews shedding light on the impact of the practitioner in medical interventions and treatment for alcohol problems in medical settings.

REVIEW 2019 HTM file
A meta-analysis of the efficacy of case management for substance use disorders: a recovery perspective

Vanderplasschen W., Rapp R.C., De Maeyer J. et al.
Frontiers in Psychiatry: 2019, 10(186).
How does an intervention designed to enhance coordination and continuity of services, known as ‘case management’, compare to treatment as usual? Is there any evidence to suggest that it can directly or indirectly improve recovery outcomes?

Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell A3: Interventions; Medical treatment

Ashton M.
Seminal and key studies and reviews on the effectiveness of medical interventions and treatment in medical settings.

HOT TOPIC 2020 HTM file
The complexity and challenge of ‘dual diagnosis’

Ashton M., Davies N.
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Whether to focus on mental health problems or substance use problem when the patient exhibits both is long-standing conundrum which still puzzles today’s treatment services. Arising with as many as three-quarters of the drug treatment caseload, deciding how to respond is a is a major issue.

STUDY 1992 HTM file
Disulfiram treatment of alcoholism

Chick J., Gough K., Falkowski W. et al.
British Journal of Psychiatry: 1992, 161, p. 84–89.
Still relevant today, from the early 1990s a UK randomised trial of disulfiram in the treatment of alcohol dependence found that it significantly reduced drinking when there was daily supervision to make sure patients took the tablets, and they knew these would cause unpleasant physical effects if they drank.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Acamprosate for alcohol dependence

Rösner S., Hackl-Herrwerth A., Leucht S. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2010, 9. Art. No. CD004332.
The first review from the prestigious Cochrane collaboration of the drug acamprosate as a treatment for alcohol dependence finds clear evidence that it offers worthwhile if modest benefits in preventing a return to drinking after detoxification.