Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 780 documents.

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REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Doing time on a TC: how effective are drug-free therapeutic communities in prison? A review of the literature

Aslan, L.
International Journal of Therapeutic Communities: 2018, 39(1), p. 26–34.
Evidence gathered over the last decade affirms the greater effectiveness of therapeutic communities in prison versus other treatment models, and highlights improved recidivism and drug use outcomes when the prison regimen is reinforced by community aftercare on release.

STUDY 2019 HTM file
Efficacy and safety of a monthly buprenorphine depot injection for opioid use disorder: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial

Haight B.R., Learned S.M., Laffont C.M. et al.
Lancet: 2019, 393, p. 778–790.
In the new form of extended-release injections with effects lasting a month, the opioid medication buprenorphine was found to suppress illegal opioid use more effectively than a placebo, reinforcing its promise as a possible “game-changer” in opiate addiction treatment.

DOCUMENT 2019 HTM file
Prison Drugs Strategy

HM Prison and Probation Service.
HM Prison and Probation Service, 2019
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] xxx

STUDY 2015 HTM file
The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of diversion and aftercare programmes for offenders using class A drugs: a systematic review and economic evaluation

Hayhurst K.P., Leitner M., Davies L. et al.
Health Technology Assessment: 2015, 19(6).
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] Although diversionary schemes continue to be a strategic focus for policy in relation to tackling drug-related problems, the evidence base for the effectiveness of these schemes is not (yet) in place.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Psychotherapy relationships that work III

Norcross J.C., Lambert M.J.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 303–315.
Research findings amalgamated in 16 reviews for an American Psychological Association task force led them to authoritatively assess many dimensions of the client–psychotherapist relationship as important determinants of patients’ progress. “The relationship can heal,” is the overall conclusion – one likely to be highly relevant to recovery from addiction.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
The real relationship and its role in psychotherapy outcome: a meta-analysis

Gelso C.J., Kivlighan D.M., Markin R.D.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 434–444.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association indicate that patient progress and treatment quality are strongly related to the strength of the personal (‘real’) relationship between client and therapist – more strongly than the working relationship focused on the therapy. Showing that you like, value and care for someone may be therapeutic in itself.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
The alliance in adult psychotherapy: a meta-analytic synthesis

Flückiger C., Del Re A.C., Wampold B.E. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 316–340.
Comprehensive review for the American Psychological Association concludes that the working relationship between clients and their counsellors or therapists is one of the largest and most consistent determinants of outcomes. Practice recommendations aim to help practitioners foster strong relationships.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analysis of the alliance–outcome relation in couple and family therapy

Friedlander M.L., Escudero V., Welmers-van de Poll M.J. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 356–371.
Amalgamation and review of research findings commissioned by the American Psychological Association reveals that working relationships in couple and family therapies are at least as important as in individual therapies. Practice recommendations will help therapists develop these relationships, augmenting the impacts of some of the most effective ways to treat substance use problems.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Countertransference management and effective psychotherapy: meta-analytic findings

Hayes J.A., Goldberg S., Gelso C.J. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 496–507.
‘Therapist know thyself’ is the Socratic injunction strongly suggested by findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association. Across all relevant studies, counsellors and therapists with the self-awareness and abilities to recognise, understand and use their reactions to clients – even when these are driven by the practitioner’s own internal conflicts – conduct better therapy and have more satisfied clients.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Collecting and delivering progress feedback: a meta-analysis of routine outcome monitoring

Lambert M.J., Whipple J.L., Kleinstäuber M.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 520–537.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes usually improve when therapists are provided with real-time feedback from the client on their progress and on factors affecting it such as the client–therapist relationship. Especially among clients (including substance use clients) who would otherwise deteriorate or not improve, these systems are among the most effective ways available to services to improve outcomes.


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