All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 801 documents.
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MATRIX CELL 2018 HTM file
Drug Treatment Matrix cell D2: Organisational functioning: Generic and cross-cutting issues
Key studies on the how the characteristics and functioning of treatment organisations affect implementation and effectiveness. Learn to see the organisational context as part of the treatment, about two evidence-based US quality improvement resources, and consider what makes treatment services engaging and whether they should extend that engagement into long-term continuing care. See the remaining four cells in row 2 of the matrix for more on generic features of medical and psychosocial therapies.
STUDY 2019 HTM file
ACT pill testing trial 2019: program evaluation
Olsen A., Wong G., McDonald D.
Australian National University, 2019
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] Assessing the implementation and outcomes of drug safety testing at an Australian festival, this independent evaluation found reasons to have confidence in, and in the future extend, the harm reduction benefits.
Thylstrup B., Hesse M., Jørgensen m. et al.
Harm Reduction Journal: 2019, 16(66).
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] A Danish programme targeted potential bystanders of opioid overdoses, providing training and supplies of the ‘overdose antidote’ naloxone. People who use opioids were the most likely to intervene in an overdose situation, highlighting their positive role as “public health collaborators”.
HOT TOPIC 2020 HTM file
‘Dignity first’: improving the lives of homeless people who drink and take drugs
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Putting people with experiences of homelessness and substance use problems at the centre of social policy, this hot topic asks what solutions would look like if they prioritised saving lives and improving lives.
Ruiz M.S., O’Rourke A., Allen S.T. et al.
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 2019, 82, p. 148–154.
Strong evidence from two US cities that moving from a blanket prohibition on possession of equipment for injecting illegal drugs to providing this equipment via legal needle and syringe programmes prevented thousands of HIV infections, resulting in large savings in the treatment of these infections.
REVIEW 2018 HTM file
A review of brain stimulation methods to treat substance use disorders
Coles A.S., Kozak K., George T.P.
The American Journal on Addictions: 2018, 27(2), p. 71–91.
Already used to treat various neurological and psychiatric disorders, a review investigates the utility of brain stimulation techniques for drug and alcohol problems.
Strang J., Groshkova T., Uchtenhagen A. et al.
The British Journal of Psychiatry: 2015, 207, p. 5–14.
The UK has a long history of prescribing heroin for the treatment of heroin dependence. What has research from six countries concluded about this intensive intervention intended for patients who would otherwise be considered ‘unresponsive’ to treatment?
Hai A.H., Franklin C., Park S. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2019, 202, p. 134–148.
Around the world, programmes which take a spiritual or overtly religious route to overcoming substance use problems are extremely common and in some countries dominant – but do they work any better than the alternatives? This review systematically sifted the evidence from the past 30 years.
Crowley D., Murtagh R., Cullen W. et al.
Harm Reduction Journal: 2019, 16(42).
For prison populations with multiple risk factors for acquiring hepatitis C, can a peer-supported screening programme improve the uptake of testing and treatment?
Morey S., Hamoodi A., Jones D. et al.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis: 2019, 26, p. 101–108.
How can testing and treatment for hepatitis C be optimised in custodial settings? Prisons in the North East of England trialled new care pathways including a universal offer of testing using less invasive procedures and treatment facilitated by digital technology.
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