Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 772 documents.

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REVIEW 2018 HTM file
A meta-analysis of the association between patients’ early perception of treatment credibility and their posttreatment outcomes

Constantino M.J., Coyne A.E., Vîsla A. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 486–495.
Review commissioned by the American Psychological Association suggests therapists should incorporate strategies to enhance the credibility of treatment when explaining its rationale and throughout therapy. The more a treatment ‘makes sense’ to a patient, the better outcomes tend to be.

STUDY 2018 HTM file
Weekly and monthly subcutaneous buprenorphine depot formulations vs daily sublingual buprenorphine with naloxone for treatment of opioid use disorder: a randomized clinical trial

Lofwall M.R., Walsh S.L., Nunes E.V. et al.
JAMA Internal Medicine: 2018, 178(6), p. 764–773.
In the new form of extended-release injections whose effects last up to a month, the opioid medication buprenorphine was found to suppress illegal opioid use more effectively than the standard daily regimen.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Collecting and delivering progress feedback: a meta-analysis of routine outcome monitoring

Lambert M.J., Whipple J.L., Kleinstäuber Maria
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 520–537.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes usually improve when therapists are provided with real-time feedback from the client on their progress and on factors affecting it such as the client–therapist relationship. Especially among clients (including substance use clients) who would otherwise deteriorate or not improve, these systems are among the most effective ways available to services to improve outcomes.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Congruence/genuineness: a meta-analysis

Kolden G.G., Wang C-C., Austin S.B. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 424–433.
Amalgamation of research findings for the American Psychological Association finds that in the (mainly Western) cultures where these studies have been done, outcomes improve the more therapists are seen as genuine by their clients and relating to them human to human rather than as an authority figure.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
A preliminary study of the effects of individual patient-level feedback in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs

Crits-Christoph P., Ring-Kurtz S., Hamilton J.L. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, p. 301–309.
Evidence that an earlier study feeding back client progress to counsellors did not find improved outcomes because data was aggregated across a caseload rather than identifying individuals doing poorly and recommending remedial actions. After remedying these deficits, a new system significantly improved mental health and reduced substance use.

STUDY 2018 HTM file
Effect of initiating drug treatment on the risk of drug-related poisoning death and acquisitive crime among offending heroin users

Pierce M, Bird S.M., Hickman M. et al.
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2018, 51, p. 42–51.
At issue was whether by successfully referring heroin users to treatment, probation services in England would protect them from fatal overdose and prevent drug-related crime. Yes to one, but not the other, were the answers; in fact, crime went up.

STUDY 2018 HTM file
Impact of current and scaled-up levels of hepatitis C prevention and treatment interventions for people who inject drugs in three UK settings – what is required to achieve the WHO’s HCV elimination targets?

Ward Z., Platt L., Sweeney S. et al.
Addiction: 2018, 113, p. 1727–1738.
What would it take for the UK to meet the World Health Organization’s target of a 90% reduction in hepatitis C by 2030? According to projections in three diverse areas, current levels of harm reduction services are averting a great deal of transmission, and adding only moderate rates of treatment for hepatitis C would put Britain on course to achieve the elimination target.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analysis of the prospective relation between alliance and outcome in child and adolescent psychotherapy

Karver M.S., De Nadai A.S., Monahan M. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 341–355.
Amalgamation of research findings for the American Psychological Association finds that the relationship between therapists and young clients and their parents matters nearly as much as for adults. Practice recommendations will aid counsellors, therapists and mental health teams in their work with young substance users.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Therapist self-disclosure and immediacy: a qualitative meta-analysis

Hill C. E., Knox S., Pinto-Coelho K.G.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 445–460.
It’s a dilemma for all therapists and counsellors – how much to disclose about yourself. Another difficult decision is when to directly confront what is happening and being felt then and there in therapy. A review for the American Psychological Association finds that positive reactions generally follow these therapist interventions, but they can also backfire. Guidance is offered on when to try them.

REVIEW 2017 HTM file
A systematic review of interventions to reduce problematic substance use among transgender individuals: a call to action

Glynn T.R., van den Berg J.J.
Transgender Health: 2017, 2(1), p. 45–59.
Part review, part ‘call to action’, the featured paper highlights the lack of awareness of evidence-based interventions for transgender people, and advocates for ‘culturally-sensitive’ approaches embedded in both general and specialised substance use programmes.

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