Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
The ‘explosion’ that never happened; crack and cocaine use in Britain

Ashton M.
One of our hot topics – essays on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. In 1989 a whirlwind of concern was stirred up by a US drug enforcement officer who foresaw a US-style “explosion” of violence associated with the ‘almost instantly addictive’ crack version of cocaine in Britain. That did not happen – but what did, where do those claims stand today, and what of cocaine powder, for decades seen as the ‘champagne set’s’ favourite drug?

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Research Review: The effectiveness of multidimensional family therapy in treating adolescents with multiple behavior problems – a meta-analysis

van der Pol T.M., Hoeve M., Noom M.J. et al.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry: 2017,
Review finds multidimensional family therapy more effective than group therapies and other psychosocial therapies, particularly among adolescents with severe substance use and other behavioural problems.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
For whom does prison-based drug treatment work? Results from a randomized experiment

Welsh W.N., Zajac G., Bucklen K.B.
Journal of Experimental Criminology: 2014, 10(2), p. 151–177.
For the first time in a prison setting a randomised trial rigorously compared intensive residential therapeutic community treatment to outpatient counselling. Confounding expectations, the US prison for problem drug users which hosted the study gained nothing in terms of preventing recidivism by allocating even high-risk prisoners to the more intensive treatment.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Assessment and management of cannabis use disorders in primary care

Winstock A.R., Ford C., Witton J.
BMJ: 2010, 340, p. 800–904.
A brief clinical review outlining the harms associated with cannabis use, and the optimal approaches for assessing and managing problem cannabis use in UK primary care.

DOCUMENT 2016 HTM file
Harm reduction database Wales: take home naloxone 2015–16

Morgan G., Smith J.
Public Health Wales, 2016
Report charting the roll-out of ‘take-home naloxone’ in Wales up to 2016, a harm-reduction measure implemented to prevent deaths involving opiate-type drugs.

DOCUMENT 2017 HTM file
Young people’s statistics from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) 1 April 2015 to 31 March 2016

Public Health England
Public Health England, 2017
The diminishing youth treatment caseload in England is increasingly dominated by under-18s primarily being treated for cannabis use problems as the numbers of primary problem drinkers falls away to just 15% of the caseload.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Adult substance misuse statistics from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) 1 April 2015 to 31 March 2016

Public Health England
Public Health England, 2016.
For the second time the annual accounting of the treatment caseload in England combines records of drug and alcohol use treatment, registering a continuing fall in total numbers and decreasing success with opiate users, while the treatment of drinkers appears to be improving.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
An evaluation of the Option 2 intensive family preservation service

Forrester D., Holland S., Williams A. et al.
Cardiff University and University of Bedfordshire, 2012.
In Wales Option 2 works intensively over a few weeks with substance using parents whose children are at serious risk – serious enough for imminent care proceedings. This second evaluation confirmed that the cost-saving service helps keep children with their families without inadvertently harming the children.

HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
Protecting the children

Ashton M.
One of our hot topic essays on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. How to protect the children of problem substance users can hardly be a more emotive and – since a US-inspired project came to Britain offering to pay drug users to be sterilised – contentious issue. Despite the issue’s profile, truly informative studies are few.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Can cannabis use be prevented by targeting personality risk in schools? Twenty-four-month outcome of the adventure trial on cannabis use: a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Mahu I.T., Doucet C., O’Leary-Barrett M. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110, p. 1625–1633.
School staff trained to deliver personality-targeted substance use interventions to London high school pupils – effectively delaying cannabis use among a subset (those identified as ‘sensation-seekers’).

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