Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
It’s magic: prevent substance use problems without mentioning drugs

Ashton M., Davies N.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Analyses the evidence leading to the realisation that focusing on drugs is not necessarily the best way to prevent problem drug use; youth programmes addressing underlying vulnerabilities and structural influences have growing research support.

HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
Residential rehabilitation: the high road to recovery?

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Asks whether residential rehabilitation is particularly suited to today’s abstinence-based recovery ambitions, and whether nevertheless these services are under threat, treated as a last resort rather than a front-line option.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
Cost-effectiveness of distributing naloxone to heroin users for lay overdose reversal

Coffin P.O., Sullivan S.D.
Annals of Internal Medicine: 2013, 158, p. 1–9.
The first simulation of the cost-effectiveness of supplying naloxone kits to heroin users to enable them to prevent overdose deaths estimates that in the US context these programmes would be well within the range considered a cost-effective health intervention. Findings are likely to broadly apply to the UK, one weak link being whether drug users given the kits actually carry them around.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Adult substance misuse statistics from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015

Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2015.
For the first time the annual accounting of the treatment caseload in England combines both drug and alcohol use patient records, registering a continuing trend down in total numbers due mainly to falls in users of heroin and other opiate-type drugs.

DOCUMENT 2016 HTM file
Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).
[UK] National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 2016.
NICE guidance on health and social care for substance users with severe mental illness says that rather than creating specialist ‘dual diagnosis’ services, health and social care (including substance misuse) services should adapt to this caseload, and their care should be led by the mental health service.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Self-reported changes in drug use behaviors and syringe disposal methods following the opening of a supervised injecting facility in Copenhagen, Denmark

Kinnard E.N., Howe C.J., Kerr T. et al.
Harm Reduction Journal: 2014, 11:29.
According to clients of this Danish drug consumption room, access to a safe injecting facility reduced their public injecting and unsafe syringe disposal.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Drug consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2015.
The European Union’s drug misuse monitoring centre says the evidence contradicts concerns that facilities where drug users can more safely use illegal drugs might counterproductively encourage drug use, delay treatment entry, or aggravate problems arising from local drug markets; instead both the users and the community benefit.

DOCUMENT 2012 HTM file
Quality standard for drug use disorders

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
[UK] National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 2012.
Official UK quality standards on the treatment of adults for problems related to the use of illegal drugs, intended be used to plan and deliver services to provide the best possible care.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Usefulness of brief intervention for patients admitted to emergency services for acute alcohol intoxication

Schwan R., Di Patritio P., Albuisson E. et al.
European Journal of Emergency Medicine: 2012, 19, p. 384–388.
Brief interventions conducted by alcohol treatment specialists reduced alcohol-affected readmission rate by nearly half among patients admitted to a French emergency department when drunk or in need of withdrawal.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Randomized trial of standard methadone treatment compared to initiating methadone without counseling: 12-month findings

Schwartz R.P., Kelly S.M., O'Grady K.E. et al.
Addiction: 2012, 107(5), p. 943–952.
Up to a year after starting methadone treatment US patients offered virtually no counselling for the first four months were still doing as well as those offered regular counselling. But there is a hint that intensive and high quality counselling enabled more to safely leave treatment.

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