All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.
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HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Are the drugs enough? Counselling and therapy in substitute prescribing programmes
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Explore the somewhat heretical proposition that the counsellor can virtually be dispensed with in opiate substitute prescribing programmes with little loss of impact. The gain would be that methadone could be spread ‘thin and wide’, reaching more potential patients.
HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Don’t treat, just test and sanction
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Gaining influential support is the proposition that for problem substance users over whom leverage can be exerted, we can largely do away with treatment and just test for substance use and punish infringements. Is this really the way forward?
Fountain J., Ferri M., Bo A.
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2015.
Scant research into brief interventions targeting harmful drug use in emergency departments prevents firm conclusions being drawn about their effectiveness. But, recognised benefits for alcohol, and likely cost-effectiveness, suggest that brief interventions may be appropriate within emergency care settings.
Hawken A., Kleiman M.
Report submitted to the US Department of Justice, 2009.
Intensive testing allied with swift and certain but not severe sanctions for non-compliance dramatically curbed drug use, prison time and re-arrest rates among a high risk group of drug using US offenders; most did not need treatment to help them comply with the court orders.
Lloyd C., Wollny I., White C. et al.
[UK] Department for Education, 2011.
Family interventions were at the heart of the UK government’s ambition to ‘turn round’ the lives of 120,000 troubled families in England. In respect of drink and drug problems, substantial remission was seen, but the featured study could not show whether this was due to the interventions, and a report on a successor programme found no significant impacts.
REVIEW 2016 HTM file
Antipsychotic medications for cocaine dependence
Indave B.I., Minozzi S., Pani P.P. et al.,
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2016, 3, Art. No.: CD006306.
Search for antipsychotic drugs to treat cocaine dependence has reached a dead end pronounces authoritative review. Psychosocial therapies remain the mainstay of treatment.
Sumnall H., Brotherhood A.
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2012.
Report for the EU identifies an urgent need to increase access to social reintegration interventions for problem drug users. Though unable to pin down the best approaches, it stresses that reintegration measures should be embedded into drug treatment at an early stage.
STUDY 2012 HTM file
Drug system change pilots evaluation: final report
Callanan M., Ranns H., Turley C. et al.
London: NatCen Social Research, 2012.
Based on the yardstick of successful treatment completions, government-funded research in England offers no assurance that recovery-oriented redesigns of local treatment systems have generated more or more rapid recovery from addiction than usual arrangements. Evidence was stronger for focused attempts to improve continuity of care for offenders.
Jonas D.E., Garbutt J.C., Amick H.R. et al.
Annals of Internal Medicine: 2012, 157(9), p. 645–654.
Amalgamated findings from studies of risky drinkers identified and counselled in primary care settings indicate that compared to screening and assessment only, brief counselling lead to greater reductions in drinking, gains reflected less strongly in some indicators of health. However, it is unclear whether the generally small impacts would be sustained in routine practice.
DOCUMENT 2016 HTM file
Modern Crime Prevention Strategy
[UK] Home Office
[UK] Home Office, 2016.
This new strategy presents a vision for crime prevention in 2016, which includes greater partnership-working between government, the police, business and industry to prevent and tackle drug and alcohol-related crime and disorder, and greater personal responsibility for substance use and recovery.
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