Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2015 HTM file
Opioid treatment at release from jail using extended-release naltrexone: a pilot proof-of-concept randomized effectiveness trial

Lee J.D., McDonald R., Grossman E. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110(6), p. 1008–1014.
Though few seemed willing to try this treatment, among those who did, opiate-blocking injections active for about a month helped formerly dependent prisoners in New York City’s jail avoid relapse to regular opiate use after release.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Clonidine maintenance prolongs opioid abstinence and decouples stress from craving in daily life: a randomized controlled trial

Kowalczyk W.J., Phillips K.A., Jobes M.L. et al.
American Journal of Psychiatry: 2015, 172(8), p. 760–767.
From the USA the first study to show that the drug clonidine can not only ease withdrawal from heroin but also help prevent relapse, seemingly by moderating stress-related craving for the drug.

STUDY 1997 HTM file
Performance contracting for substance abuse treatment

Commons M., McGuire T.G., Riordan M.H.
Health Services Research: 1997, 32(5), p. 631–650.
This US study finds that performance contracting may be associated with improvements in service utilisation and treatment outcomes, but does not appear to increase engagement with under-served populations.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Individualising treatment: an obviously ‘good thing’?

Ashton M., Davies N.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Individualisation might seem an obvious and basic prerequisite to substance use treatment, but in fact services have often striven for uniformity.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Should we start prevention in the cradle?

Ashton M.
One of our selection of hot topics – important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Focusing on the early years to avert substance use problems makes sense, but does it work?

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
Prizes for not using drugs?

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Contingency management programmes reward patients for complying with treatment or not engaging in undesired substance use. It works, but often only temporarily – and perhaps at the cost of eroding the patient’s confidence and motivation.

REVIEW 2014 HTM file
HIV prevention for adults with criminal justice involvement: A systematic review of HIV risk-reduction interventions in incarceration and community settings

Underhill K., Dumont D., Operario D.
American Journal of Public Health: 2014, 104(11), p. 27–53.
Thorough search for evidence uncovers 37 studies which overall suggest that by tackling sexual and injecting risk behaviours, some interventions protect against HIV in adults with a history of criminal justice involvement. Methadone maintenance emerged as the best established.

The Druglink archive

‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. Lists articles specially written by Drug and Alcohol Findings for DrugScope’s Druglink magazine.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Hepatitis C virus treatment as prevention among injecting drug users: who should we cure first?

de Vos A.S., Prins M., Kretzschmar M.E.E.
Addiction: 2015, 110(6), 975–983.
In the UK context, this study’s findings imply that to prevent new cases it is best to focus expensive new treatments for hepatitis C infection on injectors who infrequently share their injecting equipment – patients most likely to be found and recruited via needle exchanges and addiction treatment services.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Dynamic deconstructive psychotherapy versus optimized community care for borderline personality disorder co-occurring with alcohol use disorders (a 30-month follow-up)

Gregory R.J., DeLucia-Deranja E., Mogle J.A.
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: 2010, 198 (4), 292–298.
Broad and sustained improvement possible for people with co-occurring borderline personality and alcohol use disorders participating in deconstructive psychotherapy.

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