All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.
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COLLECTION 2016 HTM file
The Addiction archive
‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. Complete list of Effectiveness Bank analyses of articles in the journal Addiction published by our partner the Society for the Study of Addiction.
Bird S.M., Fischbacher C.M., Graham L. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110, p. 1617–1624.
Failure to find effects concentrated in the first two weeks after release persuaded analysts that widespread methadone prescribing in Scottish prisons from 2002 did not reduce the rate of drug-related deaths after release. But over 12 weeks the rate did fall substantially, and methadone treatment may have helped.
Cousins G., Boland F., Courtney B. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 111, p. 73–82
Primary care methadone patients in Ireland were nearly four times more likely to die during periods out of treatment; the first few weeks after leaving were the peak risk period. The study’s support for unbroken, long-term treatment runs counter to recent UK government policy.
HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
What do the patients want?
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Focus is the apparently iconoclastic finding from a Scottish national treatment study that abstinence is the sole drug-focused goal for most patients in drug treatment: “At best these extrapolations were sloppy, at worst, deliberately misleading.”
Spelman T., Morris M.D., Zang G. et al.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 2015, 69, p. 745–752
Using data pooled from studies in three countries, researchers examined the impact of hepatitis C testing and counselling – and of testing positive versus negative – on whether people who inject drugs become more or less likely to risk infection.
Löbmann R., Verthein U.
Law and Human Behavior: 2009, 33(1), p. 83–95.
This German study shows that heroin maintenance treatment can contribute to greater reductions in drug and property offences than methadone maintenance.
Cooper K., Chatters R., Kaltenthaler E. et al.
Health Technology Assessment: 2015, 19(56).
Conclusions supportive of cognitive-behavioural therapy for problem cannabis use from this authoritative UK assessment seem to conflict with earlier UK guidelines, though both query whether extended cognitive-behavioural therapy offers added value compared to briefer approaches.
Baker A.L., Hides L., Lubman D.I.
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry: 2010, 71(3), 247–254.
A review of psychosocial and medication-based treatments for people with co-occurring cannabis use and mental health issues reveals some positive results, but a need for more research.
HOT TOPIC 2015 HTM file
Prescribing opiate-type drugs to opiate addicts: good sense or nonsense?
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. For decades deeply felt and at times intemperate debate has surrounded a treatment which achieves unparalleled success by going with the grain of addiction, prescribing the same type of drug which opiate-dependent patients used illegally – a substitution castigated as surrender or hailed as an enlightened lifesaver.
Lea H.S., Zerai A.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2010, 45(14), p. 1–17.
A study exploring the challenges of defining and measuring ‘outcomes’ and ‘success’ in substance use treatment environments, from the perspective of staff and participants in two different US harm-reduction counselling programmes.
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