All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.
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REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Prevention of addictive behaviours
Bühler A., Thrul J.
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2015.
Based largely on existing reviews, this report for the German Federal Centre for Health Education comprehensively assesses substance use prevention approaches. Among its many conclusions are that approaches based solely on information provision are ineffective, in contrast to the more positive evidence for lifeskills and multi-component community programmes.
DOCUMENT 2009 HTM file
Buprenorphine: a guide for nurses
Azimi-Bolourian S., Fornili K.
[US] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2009.
Comprehensive guide from the US health department’s substance use treatment authority for nurses involved in buprenorphine-based treatment for dependence on opiate-type drugs like heroin, including detoxification and substitute prescribing.
Cruvinel E., Richter K.P., Bastos R.R. et al.
Addiction Science and Clinical Practice: 2013 8(4).
From Brazilian primary care clinics a rare confirmation that a positive organisational climate featuring commitment to staff professional development and good links with the local community is associated with overcoming barriers to widely implementing screening and brief intervention programmes.
Martin G., Copeland J.
Journal of Substance Use: 2010, 15(2), p. 131–142.
In Australia, a rare study trialling a brief intervention with ecstasy users found some evidence of moderate reductions in severity of dependence.
STUDY 2015 HTM file
Screen of Drug Use: diagnostic accuracy of a new brief tool for primary care
Tiet Q.Q., Leyva Y.E., Moos R.H. et al.
JAMA Internal Medicine: 2015, 175(8), p. 1371–1377.
Just two simple questions (and often just one) correctly identified around 9 in 10 patients with drug use problems among a US primary care sample.
Clayton A., O’Connell M.J., Bellamy C. et al.
American Journal of Community Psychology: 2013, 51(1), p 114–122.
This US study found that among people with serious mental illness and a history of criminal justice involvement, an intervention intended to foster citizenship through peer mentoring, education and activities, reduced alcohol and drug use and enhanced quality of life and satisfaction with social, leisure and work activities.
Kampman K., Jarvis M.
Journal of Addiction Medicine: 2015, 9(5), p. 358–367.
From the USA’s professional society for clinicians and allied professionals in the field of addiction medicine, comprehensive recommendations on how doctors can use medications to treat addiction to heroin and other opioids.
STUDY 2015 HTM file
Maintenance check-ups following treatment for cannabis dependence
Walker D.D., Stephens R.S., Towe S. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2015, 56, p. 11–15.
Arranging aftercare check-ups to see how cannabis-dependent patients were doing and whether they needed to return to treatment helped sustain cannabis use reductions – but why did this advantage emerge even before the first check-up?
Kwan M., Bobko S., Faulkner G. et al.
Addictive Behaviors: 2014, 39(3), p. 497–506.
Does getting involved in sport divert adolescents from getting involved in drug or alcohol use? Perhaps with respect to the less normalised illicit drugs, but maybe not cannabis, and drinking actually seems to increase.
Crits-Christoph P, Lundy C., Stringer M. et al
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2015, 56, p. 54–60.
Long-acting injectable naltrexone blocks the effects of opiates for about a month and has also helped dependent drinkers cut back. Treatment records in the US state of Missouri showed that among the few problem substance using offenders allocated to or who chose this treatment, a much higher proportion became abstinent than those offered other kinds of addiction treatment.
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