Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Opiate substitution treatment and HIV transmission in people who inject drugs: systematic review and meta-analysis

MacArthur G.J., Minozzi S., Martin N. et al.
BMJ: 2012, 345. e5945.
The first study to synthesise the relevant evidence adds weight to the conclusion that methadone programmes protect dependent opiate injectors against HIV infection, and that the evidence in their favour is more convincing than for alternative types of treatments.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Multidimensional Family Therapy for young adolescent substance abuse: twelve-month outcomes of a randomized controlled trial

Liddle H.A, Rowe C.L., Dakof G.A. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2009, 77(1), p. 12–25.
Holistic family therapy helped younger teens and their families get back on track before problems escalate, but was substance use really their focal problem?

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Treatment of adolescents with a cannabis use disorder: Main findings of a randomized controlled trial comparing multidimensional family therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy in The Netherlands

Hendriks V., van der Schee E., Blanken P.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2011, 119, p. 64–71.
US research led by the programme’s developers has found that a family therapy which intervenes across a child’s social environment is more effective than alternatives for problem substance using teenagers, but this independent Dutch study found one-to-one cognitive-behavioural therapy just as effective, a finding at odds with the five-nation European study of which it formed a part.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
The first 90 days following release from jail: Findings from the Recovery Management Checkups for Women Offenders (RMCWO) experiment

Scott C.K., Dennis M.L.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2012, 125, p. 110–118.
For the first time regular checkups to promote treatment re-entry have been tried with an all-female problem substance user caseload, and one leaving prison rather than community-based treatment. Over the first three months more returned to treatment more promptly. Previous studies suggest this will lead to reduced substance use, crime and HIV infections.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Association between harm reduction intervention uptake and recent hepatitis C infection among people who inject drugs attending sites that provide sterile injecting equipment in Scotland

Allen E.J., Palmateer N.E., Hutchinson S.J. et al.
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2012, 23, p.346–352.
National survey of injectors attending services supplying injecting equipment suggests methadone maintenance plus an abundant supply of needles and syringes help protect Scottish injectors from infection by hepatitis C.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Outcome of long-term heroin-assisted treatment offered to chronic, treatment-resistant heroin addicts in the Netherlands

Blanken P., Hendriks V.M., van Ree J.M. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(2), p. 300–308.
Unless there is a compelling medical or social contraindication, results of extended treatment in the Dutch heroin prescribing trials suggest treatment should be continued as long as possible for heroin-addicted patients who have been failed by methadone but benefit from being prescribed heroin.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Does opioid substitution treatment in prisons reduce injecting-related HIV risk behaviours? A systematic review

Larney S.
Addiction: 2010, 105(2), p. 216–223.
Maintenance prescribing of drugs like methadone to heroin-dependent prisoners seems to reduce injecting and the sharing of injecting equipment, changes which should reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
The assessment of recovery capital: properties and psychometrics of a measure of addiction recovery strengths

Groshkova T., Best D., White W.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2013, 32(2), p. 187–194.
Testing in the UK suggested that a questionnaire assessing the ‘recovery capital’ resources which help overcome addiction might underpin more recovery-oriented assessments of services and of client progress and needs – but only a study which followed up patients could confirm this, and do some of the questions assess ability to recover, or recovery itself?

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
The effectiveness of opioid maintenance treatment in prison settings: a systematic review

Hedrich D., Alves P., Farrell M. et al.
Addiction: 2012, 107(3), p. 501–517.
Largely due to the treatment's health benefits, this review argues that failure to implement effective opioid maintenance programmes in prison represents an important missed opportunity to engage high-risk drug users in treatment, at possibly substantial costs both to individuals and to the community.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Portraying mental illness and drug addiction as treatable health conditions: Effects of a randomized experiment on stigma and discrimination

McGinty E.E., Goldman H.H., Pescosolido B. et al.
Social Science and Medicine: 2015, 126, p. 73–85.
More media stories of addiction being successfully treated would reduce stigma and ease social reintegration and recovery, suggests this innovative study. Reading just one such story made a national US sample more willing to work with former dependent users of illicit heroin or prescription painkillers and accept them into their families.

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