Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Cracking down on youth tobacco may influence drug use

Jason L.A., Pokorny S.B., Adams M. et al.
Journal of Community Psychology: 2010, 38(1), p. 1–15.
In Illinois in the USA, randomly allocating towns to enforce laws against youth smoking in public led not just to fewer youth smoking but also fewer drinking or using and being offered illegal drugs - did anti-tobacco policing spill-over to create an environment unfriendly to drinking and illegal drug use?

DOCUMENT 2011 HTM file
European drug prevention quality standards: a manual for prevention professionals

Brotherhood A., Sumnall H.R.
Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2011.
These first European standards on delivering high quality drug prevention may be assumed to be dry and technical, but could transform prevention practice if implemented, leading to fewer ineffective activities and an increased focus on approaches and interventions with realistic and achievable objectives.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Double-blind placebo-controlled evaluation of the PROMETATM protocol for methamphetamine dependence

Ling W., Shoptaw S., Hillhouse M. et al.
Addiction: 2012, 107(2), p. 361–369.
The US company which owns and markets the controversial PROMETA proprietary combination of drugs for methamphetamine dependence funded a rigorous trial by independent researchers; the result was a no-better-than-placebo verdict, another negative in the search for drugs to counter stimulant dependence.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Motivational interviewing for substance abuse

Smedslund G., Berg R.C., Hammerstrøm K.T. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2011, 5, Art.No.:CD008063.
Across the most rigorous studies, this synthesis of the research finds therapies based on motivational interviewing better than doing nothing, but no more effective than usual/other treatments for problem drinkers and drugtakers – powerful further support for the 'Dodo bird' verdict that all bona fide therapies are equivalent.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Adjunctive counseling during brief and extended buprenorphine-naloxone treatment for prescription opioid dependence

Weiss R.D., Potter J.S., Fiellin D.A. et al.
Archives of General Psychiatry: 2011, 68(12), p. 1238–1246.
From the USA, the first large study to randomly allocate patients dependent on prescription opioids to different treatments found that despite wanting to detoxify, all but a few relapsed after withdrawal from substitute medication; more intensive and specialist counselling did not help.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
A review of opioid dependence treatment: pharmacological and psychosocial interventions to treat opioid addiction

Veilleux J.C., Colvin P.J., Anderson J. et al.
Clinical Psychology Review: 2010, 30, p. 155–166.
This wide-ranging review uniquely draws together findings from authoritative reviews of rigorous research conducted for the Cochrane collaboration and later studies concerned with the pharmacological and psychosocial treatment of dependence on opiate-type drugs like heroin, concluding that retention is the common key to success.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Drug law resentencing: saving tax dollars with minimal community risk

Gibney W., Davidson T.
New York, USA: The Legal Aid Society, 2010.
In 1973, New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller introduced drug law sanctions condemning relatively minor offenders to up to life in prison. In the mid-2000s the prisoners were allowed to petition for release. Very few were re-imprisoned due to new offences, suggesting the original sentences were usually not needed to protect the community from drug crime.

DOCUMENT 2012 HTM file
Substance misuse among young people 2011–12

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.
[UK] National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, 2012.
Documents trends towards more successful specialist treatment of children with alcohol and drug problems in England. Patient numbers have fallen in line with trends among young adult patients and the general population, a sign of fewer drug problems generally, though cannabis bucked the downward trend.

DOCUMENT 2011 HTM file
Substance misuse among young people: 2010–11

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.
[UK] National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, 2011.
England's National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse documents trends in England towards quicker and more often successful treatment of children aged under 18 with alcohol or drug problems, while numbers have fallen in line with developments among the general population and among young adults in treatment.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Can needle and syringe programmes and opiate substitution therapy achieve substantial reductions in hepatitis C virus prevalence?

Vickerman P., Martin N., Turner K. et al.
Addiction: 2012, 107, p. 1984–1995.
Among the messages of this simulation model for the UK and other countries is the resilience of hepatitis C in the face of considerable investment in methadone and needle exchange services, that these have nevertheless helped and need to be maintained and if possible expanded, but also that further measures are required to substantially curtail the virus.

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