Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2011 HTM file
Investigating the effect on public behaviour of patients of a medically supervised injectable maintenance clinic

Miller P., McKenzie S., Walker J. et al.
Drugs and Alcohol Today: 2011, 11(4) , p. 204–209.
Addicts attending a clinic twice a day to take prescribed heroin seems like a recipe for an unwelcome increase in local drug-related disorder and nuisance, but in London the effect was to remove rather than add people to the troubling street-drinking population.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The community impact of RIOTT, a medically supervised injectable maintenance clinic in south London

Miller P., McKenzie S., Lintzeris N. et al.
Mental Health and Substance Use: Dual Diagnosis: 2010, 3(3), p. 248–259.
Addicts attending a clinic twice a day to take prescribed heroin seems like a recipe for an unwelcome increase in local drug-related disorder and nuisance, but given (as there usually will be) small numbers, experience in London was that not much changed.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Heroin maintenance for chronic heroin-dependent individuals

Ferri M., Davoli M., Perucci C.A.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2011, Issue 12, Art. No. CD003410.
Update of the first authoritative review to combine results from all trials to date of long-term heroin prescribing for the management of heroin addiction finds important advantages for seemingly intractable patients previously failed by methadone, including reduced illegal drug use.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Alcohol and drug prevention in nightlife settings: a review of experimental studies

Bolier L., Voorham L., Monshouwer K. et al.
Substance Use & Misuse: 2011, 46(13), p. 1569–1591.
In pubs and clubs, especially for young patrons, out-of-control intoxication is sometimes the aim rather than an undesirable outcome to be prevented. How in these circumstances to reduce use and harm has been investigated in the 17 studies analysed in this review.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Examining differential effects of psychosocial treatments for cocaine dependence: an application of latent trajectory analyses

Stulz N., Gallop R., Lutz W. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2010, 106(2–3), p. 164–172.
Advanced statistical techniques applied to data from a landmark US cocaine therapy study revealed three typical recovery trajectories; at the extremes patients who fared best and worst did so whatever the therapy, but in the middle a consistent approach (in this case, 12-step) which matched cultural expectations worked best.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Evaluation of the Addressing Substance-Related Offending (ASRO) program for substance-using offenders in the community: a reconviction analysis

Palmer E., Hatcher R., McGuire J. et al.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2011, 46, p. 1072–1080.
From the early 2000s cognitive-behavioural group therapy programmes have been relied on to improve the anti-offending record of UK probation services. Now the first independent evaluation of the main programme for substance users has found no impact on reconviction even among offenders who completed the 20 sessions.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
The forgotten carers: support for adult family members affected by a relative's drug problems

Copello A., Templeton L.
UK Drug Policy Commission, 2012.
From national and local guidance, commissioners and services, a rounded picture of how much Britain knows about and responds to the needs of the relatives of problem drug users. Increasing recognition of needs has generally yet to be matched by systematic needs assessments or service provision.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
An experimental demonstration of training probation officers in evidence-based community supervision

Bonta J., Bourgon G., Rugge T. et al.
Criminal Justice and Behavior: 2011, 38, p. 1127–1148.
For the first time this Canadian randomised study has shown that training probation officers in the risk-need-responsivity model of offender supervision can not only improve their skills and sharpen their practice, but also reduce the recidivism of the offenders they supervise, among whom substance use was a major issue.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Assessing the effectiveness of drug courts on recidivism: a meta-analytic review of traditional and non-traditional drug courts

Mitchell O., Wilson D.B., Eggers A. et al.
Journal of Criminal Justice: 2012, p. 60–71.
Synthesising the results of 154 studies, the most thorough and extensive investigation of the crime-reduction credentials of drug courts finds the evidence bulky but lacking quality, yet sufficient to support courts for adult illegal drug users if not (or not yet) teenagers or drink-drivers.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Targeting dispositions for drug-involved offenders: a field trial of the Risk and Needs Triage (RANT)

Marlowe D.B., Festinger D.S., Dugosh K.L. et al.
Journal of Criminal Justice: 2011, 39, p. 253–260.
Drug-involved offenders have different needs related to their offending (in particular for addiction treatment) and pose different levels of risk for a return to crime after usual sentencing options. This US study confirmed that needs and risk are independent dimensions which can be measured and used to adjust sentencing to reduce recidivism.

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