Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Long-term effects of prenatal and infancy nurse home visitation on the life course of youths: 19-year follow-up of a randomized trial

Eckenrode J., Campa M., Luckey D.W. et al.
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine: 2010, 164(1), p. 9–15.
In their prevention themes British drug strategies place considerable weight on early years parenting support; whatever else such efforts may achieve, this seminal US study did not find any long-term effects on substance use.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
A good quality of life under the influence of methadone: a qualitative study among opiate-dependent individuals

De Maeyer J., Vanderplasschen W., Camfield L. et al.
International Journal of Nursing Studies: 2011, 48, p. 1244–1257.
Opiate dependent methadone patients in Belgium give their own accounts of what for them constitutes a good quality of life. Generally they want what other people want: a meaningful, independent life and supportive relationships. Methadone creates the preconditions for such a life at the same time as it limits its achievement.

DOCUMENT 2010 HTM file
Commissioning for recovery. Drug treatment, reintegration and recovery in the community and prisons: a guide for drug partnerships

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.
National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, 2010.
Guidance to funding authorities on how to construct a local pattern of services from England's special health authority tasked to improve the availability, capacity and effectiveness of drug misuse treatment.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Quality of life among opiate-dependent individuals: a review of the literature

De Maeyer J., Vanderplasschen W., Broekaert E.
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2010, 21, p. 364–380.
The first systematic review of research on the quality of life of opiate users finds this generally improves once they enter substitute prescribing treatments, but that few studies have assessed what counts as a good life from the point of view of the patient.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Benefits of concurrent syringe exchange and substance abuse treatment participation

Kidorf M., King V.L., Pierce Jessica. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2011, 40, p. 265–271.
From Baltimore in the USA, evidence that encouraging syringe exchange participants to enter treatment will reduce their drug use, crime and injecting more than syringe exchange alone.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Therapist effectiveness: implications for accountability and patient care

Kraus D.R., Castonguay L., Boswell J.F. et al.
Psychotherapy Research: 2011, 21(3), p. 267–276.
1 in 6 US therapists (mainly not specialising in substance use) typically ended up with clients whose substance use problems were significantly worse than when they started therapy, an indication perhaps that social workers and mental health counsellors find these issues especially hard to deal with.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Do drug policies affect cannabis markets? A natural experiment in Switzerland, 2000–10

Killias M., Isenring G.L., Gilliéron G. et al.
European Journal of Criminology: 2011, 8(3), p. 171186.
Studies of a 'natural experiment' in Switzerland in the 2000s suggested that the effective re-criminalisation of cannabis production and distribution did diminish availability and use of the drug. The results contradict other findings suggesting that national policies have little effect on cannabis use.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
The effectiveness of supported employment in people with dual disorders

Mueser K.T., Campbell K., Drake R.E.
Journal of Dual Diagnosis: 2011, 7(1–2), p. 90–102.
Compared to more gradualist approaches, with appropriate support targeted at rapidly achieving this objective, far more mentally ill problem substance users in the USA were enabled to find competitive employment in the open labour market rather than sheltered placements.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Evaluation of the Jobcentre Plus Intensive Activity trial for substance misusing customers

Fisher C.
[UK] Department for Work and Pensions, 2011.
In three high drug use urban areas in England, treatment staff were placed in job centres to facilitate the referral of unemployed substance users in to treatment. It worked, but not well enough to recommend a national roll out.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Using a cross-study design to assess the efficacy of motivational enhancement therapy-cognitive behavioral therapy 5 (MET/CBT5) in treating adolescents with cannabis-related disorders

Ramchand R., Griffin B.A., Suttorp M. et al.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2011, 72, p. 380–389.
It worked as well as somewhat longer and more elaborate experimental therapies, but how would a basic US programme for cannabis using youngsters fare when compared to much more extensive real-world therapies? On average at least as well if not better was the answer.


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