Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

SnortingEffectiveness bank home page. Opens new window Collection
Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
The National Drug Related Deaths Database (Scotland) report 2009

Graham L., Matthews S., Dunbar J.K. et al.
Information Services Division Scotland, 2010.
New database offering in-depth information on drug deaths in Scotland reveals that 60% of cases had been in contact with drug treatment services, nearly 40% in the past six months, suggesting that there had been chances to intervene which for these patients had been insufficient to avoid death.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Early intervention: the next steps. An independent report to Her Majesty's Government

Allen G.
HM Government, 2011.
National UK policy recommendations for pre-school initiatives to forestall later problems including those related to substance use, based partly on a review of the most promising programmes.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Outpatient versus inpatient opioid detoxification: a randomized controlled trial

Day E., Strang J.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2011, 40, p. 56–66.
Methadone maintained heroin-dependent patients in Birmingham (UK) randomised to inpatient v. outpatient lofexidine-based detoxification rarely sustained long-term opioid abstinence; return to maintenance was the typical outcome.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The SUMMIT Trial: a field comparison of buprenorphine versus methadone maintenance treatment

Pinto H., Maskrey V., Swift L. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2010, 39, p. 340–352.
Compared to methadone, buprenorphine is more often chosen in a make-or-break attempt to divorce oneself from illicit opiates found the first large-scale study to compare the drugs in real-life conditions at a British opiate addiction maintenance treatment programme.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Buprenorphine implants for treatment of opioid dependence: a randomized controlled trial

Ling W., Casadonte P., Bigelow G. et al.
JAMA: 2010, 304(14), p. 1576–1583.
According to an editorial in the same journal, this study of implants providing six months of 24-hour a day maintenance to suppress heroin use represents a "potentially important step forward" in expanding treatment options for opioid dependence.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Heroin anticraving medications: a systematic review

Fareed A., Vayalapalli S., Casarella J. et al.
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse: 2010, 36(6), p. 332–341.
The observation that craving can precipitate relapse to heroin use or drop-out even among methadone-maintained patients led to this search for evidence that other medications can help suppress the urge to use; buprenorphine had the most extensive positive research record to date.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Race and the European criminal justice system: the position of visible minority drug users in the European criminal justice system

Adams N., Khan K.
Connections Project, 2010.
UK-based audit of race equality practice in seven European nations based on interviews with staff, service users and prisoners or ex-prisoners reveals that responses are 'colour-coded' even if not overtly racist. Recommendations are made for practice improvements.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
A meta-analytic review of school-based prevention for cannabis use

Porath-Waller A.J., Beasley E, Beirness D.J.
Health Education and Behavior: 2010, 37(5), p. 709–723.
Taking in studies up to the end of 2007, this synthesis of research concludes that secondary school cannabis prevention lessons are most effective when delivered by outside experts who teach in an interactive manner and deliver comprehensive content which goes beyond resisting peer and other social influences.

DOCUMENT 2010 HTM file
The Patel report: Reducing drug-related crime and rehabilitating offenders

Patel K. and the Drug Treatment Strategy Review Group.
Drug Treatment Strategy Review Group, 2010.
Investigation and recommendations from an expert group on drug treatment and interventions for people in prison in England calls for a clear focus on recovery and for the commissioning and coordination measures needed to improve outcomes without extra resources.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Assessing user perceptions of staff training requirements in the substance use workforce: a review of the literature

Wylie L.
Drugs: education, prevention and policy: 2010, 17(5), p. 618–631
Reviews the literature on what qualities and competences service users would like to see developed in the staff who counsel and treat them; above all it seems, a "positive and humanistic attitude" towards the user.

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