Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

SnortingEffectiveness bank home page. Opens new window Collection
Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2006 PDF file 116Kb
Initiating methadone prescribing in prison promotes its continuation on release

Kinlock TW, Battjes RJ, Schwartz RP
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
From Baltimore a study which shows that offering substitution treatment in prison to offenders whose offending was driven by opiate dependence means they are much more likely to continue treatment on release, helping to cut crime.

REVIEW 2006 PDF file 174Kb
Antidepressants curb depression but add little to strong 'talking therapies'

Hesse M. Nunes E.V. Levin F.R. Torrens M. Fonsecca F. Mateu G. Farr M.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A trio of reviews of trials of antidepressants in the treatment of depressed alcohol or drug dependent patients have clarified that they do help the severely depressed, but also that they add little to psychosocial approaches such as cognitive-behavioural therapy.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 171Kb
Matching resources to needs is key to achieving 'wrap-around' care objectives

Carise D, Gurel O, McLellan AT, Dugosh K, Kendig C
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Linking treatment intake assessments to a computerised guide to local welfare and medical services transformed the assessments from redundant paperwork into a practical route to the reintegration services being advocated in Britain – and treatment completion rates doubled.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 169Kb
Soup kitchen turned into therapeutic setting

Rosenblum A, Magura S, Kayman DJ, Fong C
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
A successful group therapy programme at a large New York soup kitchen shows that welfare services with high concentrations of problem substance users can be transformed from environments which impede recovery into ones which promote it.

STUDY 2006 PDF file 152Kb
Naltrexone implants prevent opiate overdose

Hulse G.K.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Short-acting opiate blockers are associated with high overdose rates when heroin-dependent patients stop taking them. This Australian study suggests that a product intended to block opiates for six months can overcome that problem, though patients may resort to sedatives instead.

Boomerang ads

Ashton M.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Not ads for boomerangs, but ads which risk a boomerang effect – specifically, the US government's biggest ever attempt to use the media to turn US youth away from drugs. Could it actually have done the reverse?

STUDY 2006 PDF file 207Kb
Methadone maintenance: the original

Ashton M.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
In the mid-60s even its originators doubted whether methadone maintenance could work when everything else had failed, gnawing their nails as they waited for patients to return from the temptations outside the ward. What they saw instead was a 'miraculous' transformation.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
A comparison of methadone, buprenorphine and alpha2 adrenergic agonists for opioid detoxification: a mixed treatment comparison meta-analysis

Meader N.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2010, 108, p. 110–114
A new methodology to combine the results of relevant studies suggests buprenorphine has the edge over methadone among the main medications used to help dependent patients complete withdrawal from heroin and allied drugs.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
A meta-analysis of motivational interviewing: twenty-five years of empirical studies

Lundahl B.W, Kunz C., Brownell C. et al.
Research on Social Work Practice: 2010, 20(2), p. 137–160.
Better than 'treatment as usual' but not than other specific therapies are the headlines from the most comprehensive synthesis of motivational interviewing studies to date. Along the way are insights in to the equivocal value of manuals and of feeding back assessment results to patients.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Integrated psychological treatment for substance use and co-morbid anxiety or depression vs. treatment for substance use alone: a systematic review of the published literature

Hesse M.
BMC Psychiatry: 2009, 9(6).
Most patients at drug and alcohol services suffer depression and/or anxiety, far too many and usually not severely enough to engage mental health services. Faced with this huge problem, should services offer special mental health therapies, or is substance-focused treatment sufficient?

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