Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2005 PDF file 103Kb
Offenders do better in treatment if sanctions credible and clear

Young D.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Offenders in New York ordered to the same residential therapeutic communities stayed longer and later committed fewer crimes if sent by criminal justice programmes which had credible sanctions and ensured offenders understand these and knew they were being monitored.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 104Kb
US study finds penalties for drug dealing near schools fail to shift dealers

Brownsberger W.N.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
For over a decade many US states have mandated especially severe penalties for drug dealing near schools. Just as the UK started down the same route, the only US study of the effectiveness of this strategy found it did nothing to drive dealing away from schools.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 156Kb
High-risk youngsters respond to coherent, consistent and interactive after-school activities

Springer J.F.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Analyses of 48 US government-funded after-school and youth work projects for 9–18-year-olds at high risk of drug problems found that only interactive, well structured projects with supported and engaged staff curbed progression to more frequent substance use.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Methadone maintenance therapy versus no opioid replacement therapy for opioid dependence

Mattick R.P., Breen C., Kimber J. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2009, 3, art. no. CD002209.
A surprisingly small basket of randomised controlled trials (but one confirmed by other studies) supports the superiority of methadone maintenance over detoxification for patients prepared to be allocated to either option.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 166Kb
Continuity vital after prison treatment

Dolan K.A. Prendergast M.L.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Though the original treatments were diametrically opposed, two long-term follow-up studies have confirmed that post-release continuity is vital to sustain the benefits of treatment in prison.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 149Kb
Syringe sharing cut by two-thirds after injecting room opens

Kerr T. Hedrich D.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
After showing that the safer injecting facility in Vancouver benefited the community by reducing public injecting and injection-related litter, researchers have now shown that it also safeguarded its users by cutting the number who shared syringes by two-thirds.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 153Kb
Anaesthesia during rapid opiate detox raises costs but not outcomes

De Jong C.A.J.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Dutch study finds that anaesthetising patients during accelerated opiate withdrawal is expensive and introduces new risks, but does not help inpatients complete detoxification or sustain drug use reductions on discharge.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Psychosocial interventions for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse

Cleary M., Hunt G., Matheson S. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2008, 1, Art.No.: CD001088
Latest update from the respected Cochrane review process still finds no reason to advocate replacing conventional care with specialised therapeutic approaches/teams when severe mental illness is complicated by substance use.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Results of a type 2 translational research trial to prevent adolescent drug use and delinquency: a test of Communities That Care

Hawkins J.D., Oesterle S., Brown E.C. et al.
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine: 2009, 163(9), p. 789–798.
With its appealing mix of science and community empowerment, the US Communities That Care prevention process has spread to the UK and other countries. This first randomised trial confirmed that given promising towns and rigorous execution, it can curb adolescent smoking and drinking.

STUDY 2005 PDF file 180Kb
Aftercare calls suit less relapse-prone patients

McKay J.R.
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
An intensive US outpatient programme found that for less relapse-prone patients, a flexible aftercare regime mixing initial support groups with regular phone calls was at least as effective as entirely face-to-face contact, yet far less time-consuming.

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