Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2008 HTM file
Promoting continuing care adherence among substance abusers with co-occurring psychiatric disorders following residential treatment

DeMarce J.M., Lash S.J., Stephens R.S. et al.
Addictive Behaviors: 2008, 33, p. 1104–1112.
Further analysis of findings from a US inpatient centre shows that systematically applying simple prompts and motivators especially and substantially improved aftercare attendance among patients with mental health problems, helping sustain progress made during initial treatment.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Economic evaluation of delivering hepatitis B vaccine to injection drug users

Hu Y., Grau L.E., Scott G. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2008, 35(1), p. 25–32.
US figures show that testing needle exchange users for hepatitis B and at the same time starting a short course of vaccinations (the UK model) saves lives and thousands of health service dollars, but UK exchanges have lagged behind in offering these services.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
"I inject less as I have easier access to pipes": injecting, and sharing of crack-smoking materials, decline as safer crack-smoking resources are distributed

Leonard L., DeRubeis E., Pelude L. et al.
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2008, 19(3), p. 255–264.
After needle exchanges started distributing crack smoking equipment, drug injectors in Ottawa shifted from injecting to smoking the drug and less often shared their smoking equipment. The result was safer drug use and greater service contact by crack smokers.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Results from two randomized clinical trials evaluating the impact of quarterly recovery management checkups with adult chronic substance users

Scott C,K., Dennis M.L.
Addiction: 2009, 104, p. 959–971.
In the USA two studies have shown that quarterly check-ups on former patients help identify the need for and motivate further treatment, but gains in substance use/problem reductions only became evident when improved procedures were introduced, and even then remained modest.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Evaluation of the mandatory drug testing of arrestees pilot

Skellington Orr K., McCoard S., McCartney P.
Scottish Government Social Research, 2009.
Scotland withdrew funding when it saw this evaluation of testing for heroin/cocaine use on arrest. It looked like a very expensive way to get a few users in to treatment; at two of the three sites, six to eight times more costly per treatment entry than voluntary referral.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Critical issues in the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection in methadone maintenance patients

Novick D.M., Kreek M.J.
Addiction: 2008, 103(6), p. 905–918.
European and US studies show that methadone patients stick with therapy for hepatitis C disease and do as well as other patients, bolstering the case for drug services to encourage clients to consider diagnostic testing and therapy.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Mortality prior to, during, and after opioid maintenance treatment (OMT): a national prospective cross-registry study

Clausen T., Anchersen K., Waal H.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2008, 94(1–3), p. 151–157.
Limited access to opiate substitute prescribing in Norway opened a window on its powerful lifesaving potential, a view obscured in countries where barriers create a confounding selection effect or where everyone who needs and wants this treatment can quickly get it.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Computer-assisted delivery of cognitive-behavioral therapy for addiction: a randomized trial of CBT4CBT

Carroll K.M., Ball S.A., Martino S.
American Journal of Psychiatry: 2008, 165, p. 881–888.
An interactive computer program may offer a way to overcome the shortage of trained cognitive-behavioural therapists; supplementing routine counselling by program access twice a week reduced substance use by a third.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
A preliminary study of the population-adjusted effectiveness of substance abuse prevention programming: towards making IOM program types comparable

Shamblen S.R., Derzon J.H.
Journal of Primary Prevention: 2009, 30, p. 89–107.
One of the biggest strategic decisions facing prevention planners is whether to target high-risk groups or to prioritise universal programmes. This analysis won't decide the issue, but it does create an important new tool for comparing these strategies.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
A practical clinical trial of coordinated care management to treat substance use disorders among public assistance beneficiaries

Morgenstern J., Hogue A., Dauber S. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2009, 77(2), p. 257–269.
Further demonstration from a US research team that relatively intensive case management support does help welfare applicants overcome substance use problems, but in this case only those not already managed through substitute prescribing.

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