Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2009 HTM file
Improving 24-month abstinence and employment outcomes for substance-dependent women receiving Temporary Assistance For Needy Families with intensive case management

Morgenstern J., Neighbors C.J., Kuerbis A. et al.
American Journal of Public Health: 2009, 99(2), p. 328–333.
Intensive, long-term case management coordinating treatment and other services helped US 'welfare mothers' overcome their drug problems and gain full time employment.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Can heroin maintenance help Baltimore? What Baltimore can learn from the experience of other countries

Reuter P.
Baltimore: The Abell Foundation, 2009.
Though intended for Baltimore this review will be of great value for administrations everywhere considering heroin prescribing programmes. It is particularly useful for its accessible style and hands-on portrayal of existing programmes.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Opioid substitution therapy in prisons: reviewing the evidence

Betteridge R, Jrgens R., Kerr T.
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 2008.
Brief but thoroughly researched review commends prison methadone programmes as causing no substantial problems while improving the climate in prison, reducing drug use and infection risk behaviours, and improving post-release treatment uptake and recidivism rates.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Needle and syringe programs and bleach in prisons: reviewing the evidence

Betteridge R, Jrgens R., Kerr T.
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 2008.
Brief but thoroughly researched review argues that prison needle exchange is among the best ways to contain the potential for rapid spread of HIV infection in prison and possibly too in the community after prisoners are released.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Toward cost-effective initial care for substance-abusing homeless

Milby J.B., Schumacher J.E., Vuchinich R.E. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2008, 34(2), p. 180–191.
Offering homeless, unemployed people seeking treatment for cocaine dependence access to housing and paid employment if they stay drug-free is a powerful incentive, but adding intensive counselling helps maintain abstinence once the incentives end.

REVIEW 2007 HTM file
Drug law enforcement: a review of the evaluation literature

Mazerolle L., Soole D., Rombouts S.
Police Quarterly: 2007, 10, p. 115–153.
Rare review of enforcement tactics concludes that proactive interventions involving partnerships between the police and third parties and/or community entities have the greatest research backing, but also that the evidence base is poor and sparse.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Organizational- and individual-level correlates of posttreatment substance use: a multilevel analysis

Ghose T.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2008, 34(2), p. 249–262.
Using advanced methods, this US study asked what makes for an effective treatment agency. Being constrained by funders in terms of services and ability to individualise treatments was the clearest negative factor, quality accreditation the clearest positive.

OFFCUT 2004 PDF file 104Kb
Positive Futures reconnects alienated British teenagers

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
The sports-based Positive Futures project aims to re-engage marginalised youngsters at risk of substance use problems in the most deprived or high-crime neighbourhoods in England and Wales. Early reports suggest this innovative Home Office initiative is working.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 102Kb
Sampling abstinence from sweets and TV also curbs youth substance use

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
In three European countries secondary school pupils were invited to contract with a schoolmate to renounce their chosen indulgence for two weeks. Though most chose sweets, TV or computer games, there was also a spillover effect to substance use.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 152Kb
Early teaching boost pays off six years later

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Over six years later, children from poor US black families were far less likely to have tried heroin or cocaine after receiving an educational boost in their first year at primary school.

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