Drugs: the complete collection
 Drugs: the complete collection

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Drugs: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.

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STUDY 2007 HTM file
Outcomes of a prospective trial of student-athlete drug testing: the Student Athlete Testing Using Random Notification (SATURN) Study

Goldberg L., Elliot D.L., MacKinnon D.P. et al.
Journal of Adolescent Health: 2007, 41, p. 421–429.
First randomised follow-up study offers little support for randomly testing US school pupils for drug or alcohol use, adding to a slim evidence base which has so far found little benefit to justify the risks and the costs.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Addressing the needs of children of substance using parents: an evaluation of Families First's Intensive Intervention

Woolfall K., Sumnall H., McVeigh J.
Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2008.
Based in Middlesbrough and winners of the Drug Team of the Year award in 2008, Families First's intensive short-term support meant that children of problem drug users on the verge of being removed from the family were safely able to stay with their parents or other relatives.

STUDY 2007 HTM file
Day hospital and residential addiction treatment: randomized and nonrandomized managed care clients

Witbrodt J., Bond J., Kaskutas L.A. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2007, 75(6), p. 947–959.
By selecting clients at the very edge of ethically requiring referral to residential care, this US study confirms that unless there are pressing contraindications, intensive non-residential options deliver equivalent outcomes. Often of course, there ARE pressing contraindications.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Syringe disposal bins: the outcomes of a free trial for city traders in an inner-city municipality Australia

Devaney M., Berends L.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2008, 43(1), p. 139–153.
What happens when city authorities ask retail and service premises to host syringe disposal bins in their toilets? There were misgivings, but when the bins meant customers and staff could avoid discarded syringes, they were welcomed and retained, safely disposing of over 2000 syringes a month.

REVIEW 2007 HTM file
Using correlational evidence to select youth for prevention programming

Derzon H.
Journal of Primary Prevention: 2007, 28, p. 421–447.
Is it best to focus prevention efforts on youngsters most likely to use substances - or will that miss out many future users who could have benefited from these efforts? This well informed and clear analysis concludes that we just can't predict well enough to risk leaving some youngsters out.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Methadone patients in the therapeutic community: a test of equivalency

Sorensen J.L., Andrews S, Delucchi K.L. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2009, 100, p. 100–106.
Are therapeutic communities incompatible with methadone maintenance? Not when staff have been prepared to accept and work with methadone patients and programmes adapted to accommodate them. Then patients stay as long and sustain abstinence from illegal drug use just as well as other residents.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
A study of methadone maintenance for male prisoners: 3-month postrelease outcomes

Kinlock T.W. , Gordon M.S. , Schwartz R.P. et al.
Criminal Justice and Behavior: 2008, 35(1), p. 34–47.
US study shows the value of immediate post-release transfer to an awaiting methadone maintenance slot for formerly heroin dependent prisoners willing to try this treatment but is less clear on the value of actually starting the treatment in prison.

STUDY 2007 HTM file
The costs and consequences of three policy options for reducing heroin dependency

Moore T.J., Ritter A., Caulkins J.P.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2007, 26(4), p. 369–378.
Australian study addressing an issue greatly exercising the UK: do you get greater returns per £ from residential rehabilitation or from substitute prescribing? In terms of reduction in the frequency of heroin use, prescribing was one-and-a-half to three times more cost-effective.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Screening, brief interventions, referral to treatment (SBIRT) for illicit drug and alcohol use at multiple healthcare sites: comparison at intake and 6 months later

Madras B.K., Compton W.M., Deepa A. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2008, in press.
This huge US study set out to test whether widespread screening and brief intervention for illegal drug use (not just heavy drinking) could be implemented in a variety of general medical settings and whether it was effective. Both tests seem to have been passed, but with some important caveats.

STUDY 2004 PDF file 118Kb
Drug courts can work in Britain

in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Early studies from Scotland provided affirmative answers to the first two questions about drug courts in Britain – whether they can be made to work and whether offenders can be retained on the court orders.

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