All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to use and problem use of illegal drugs starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 815 documents.
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Goldberg L., Elliot D.L., MacKinnon D.P. et al.
Journal of Adolescent Health: 2007, 41, p. 421–429.
First randomised follow-up study offers little support for randomly testing US school pupils for drug or alcohol use, adding to a slim evidence base which has so far found little benefit to justify the risks and the costs.
Woolfall K., Sumnall H., McVeigh J.
Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, 2008.
Based in Middlesbrough and winners of the Drug Team of the Year award in 2008, Families First's intensive short-term support meant that children of problem drug users on the verge of being removed from the family were safely able to stay with their parents or other relatives.
Witbrodt J., Bond J., Kaskutas L.A. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2007, 75(6), p. 947–959.
By selecting clients at the very edge of ethically requiring referral to residential care, this US study confirms that unless there are pressing contraindications, intensive non-residential options deliver equivalent outcomes. Often of course, there ARE pressing contraindications.
Devaney M., Berends L.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2008, 43(1), p. 139–153.
What happens when city authorities ask retail and service premises to host syringe disposal bins in their toilets? There were misgivings, but when the bins meant customers and staff could avoid discarded syringes, they were welcomed and retained, safely disposing of over 2000 syringes a month.
REVIEW 2007 HTM file
Using correlational evidence to select youth for prevention programming
Journal of Primary Prevention: 2007, 28, p. 421–447.
Is it best to focus prevention efforts on youngsters most likely to use substances - or will that miss out many future users who could have benefited from these efforts? This well informed and clear analysis concludes that we just can't predict well enough to risk leaving some youngsters out.
STUDY 2009 HTM file
Methadone patients in the therapeutic community: a test of equivalency
Sorensen J.L., Andrews S, Delucchi K.L. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2009, 100, p. 100–106.
Are therapeutic communities incompatible with methadone maintenance? Not when staff have been prepared to accept and work with methadone patients and programmes adapted to accommodate them. Then patients stay as long and sustain abstinence from illegal drug use just as well as other residents.
Kinlock T.W. , Gordon M.S. , Schwartz R.P. et al.
Criminal Justice and Behavior: 2008, 35(1), p. 34–47.
US study shows the value of immediate post-release transfer to an awaiting methadone maintenance slot for formerly heroin dependent prisoners willing to try this treatment but is less clear on the value of actually starting the treatment in prison.
Moore T.J., Ritter A., Caulkins J.P.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2007, 26(4), p. 369–378.
Australian study addressing an issue greatly exercising the UK: do you get greater returns per £ from residential rehabilitation or from substitute prescribing? In terms of reduction in the frequency of heroin use, prescribing was one-and-a-half to three times more cost-effective.
Madras B.K., Compton W.M., Deepa A. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2008, in press.
This huge US study set out to test whether widespread screening and brief intervention for illegal drug use (not just heavy drinking) could be implemented in a variety of general medical settings and whether it was effective. Both tests seem to have been passed, but with some important caveats.
STUDY 2004 PDF file 118Kb
Drug courts can work in Britain
in the Drug and Alcohol Findings magazine
Early studies from Scotland provided affirmative answers to the first two questions about drug courts in Britain – whether they can be made to work and whether offenders can be retained on the court orders.
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