The Addiction archive
 The Addiction archive

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The Addiction archive

Analyses of articles in the journal Addiction published by our partner the Society for the Study of Addiction starting with the most recently published article, totalling today 75 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Were the changes to Sweden’s maintenance treatment policy 2000–06 related to changes in opiate-related mortality and morbidity?

Romelsjö A., Engdahl B., Stenbacka M. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 1625–1632.
Ironically, the fact that opiate substitute prescribing has been opposed and limited in Sweden has meant that country has been able provide solid evidence of its lifesaving potential. This study concluded that easing the restrictions was associated with and may have led to fewer opiate-related deaths.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity

Meier P.S., Purshouse R., Brennan A.
Addiction: 2010, 105(3), p. 383–393.
Minimum unit pricing for alcohol has in England faced the barrier of being seen as punishing the majority drinking public for the minority of irresponsible and ‘binge’ drinkers. This report reassuringly assessed the impacts on moderate drinkers as minor – but less reassuringly, so too the impacts on young ‘bingers’.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Does opioid substitution treatment in prisons reduce injecting-related HIV risk behaviours? A systematic review

Larney S.
Addiction: 2010, 105(2), p. 216–223.
Maintenance prescribing of drugs like methadone to heroin-dependent prisoners seems to reduce injecting and the sharing of injecting equipment, changes which should reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The impact of a supervised injecting facility on ambulance call-outs in Sydney, Australia

Salmon A.M., van Beek I., Amin J. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(4), p. 676–683.
Evidence that the supervised injecting centre which opened in 2001 in Sydney’s ‘red light’ district resulted in fewer opioid overdoses requiring an ambulance, relieving pressure on emergency services.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Brief screening questionnaires to identify problem drinking during pregnancy: a systematic review

Burns E., Gray R., Smith L.A.
Addiction: 2010, 105(4), p. 601–614.
Heavy drinking by mothers-to-be threatens their unborn child – but for that very reason, stigma may mean women shy away from admitting their problem. This review found several brief screening questionnaires showed promise in identifying mothers who might need to cut back, while others seemed unsuitable for the antenatal care context.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: a meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies

Wagenaar A.C., Salois M.J., Komro K.A.
Addiction: 2009, 104, p. 179–190.
As the UK considers minimum price policies, from an analysis of 112 studies comes the most reliable indication yet that raising the price of alcohol strongly reduces alcohol consumption, including rates of heavy drinking.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Results from two randomized clinical trials evaluating the impact of quarterly recovery management checkups with adult chronic substance users

Scott C,K., Dennis M.L.
Addiction: 2009, 104, p. 959–971.
In the USA two studies have shown that quarterly check-ups on former patients help identify the need for and motivate further treatment, but gains in substance use/problem reductions only became evident when improved procedures were introduced, and even then remained modest.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Heroin-assisted treatment in Switzerland: a case study in policy change

Uchtenhagen A.
Addiction: 2009, 105, p. 29–37.
How a damaging and socially divisive drug scene in Switzerland led that country to try prescribing heroin to heroin addicts and the political and cultural processes behind this experimental programme becoming accepted practice.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural therapy for coexisting depression and alcohol problems: short-term outcome

Baker A.L., Kavanagh D.J., Kay-Lambkin F. et al.
Addiction: 2009, 105, p. 87–99.
Australian study provides the first evidence that integrated treatment may be superior to alcohol- or depression-focused treatment for depressed heavy drinkers, but the lack of extra benefit in respect of depression and gender differences suggests a more complicated picture.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Systematic review and meta-analyses of strategies targeting alcohol problems in emergency departments: interventions reduce alcohol-related injuries

Havard A., Shakeshaft A., Sanson-Fisher R.
Addiction: 2008, 103(3), p. 368–376.
Combining results from the few available evaluations of emergency department-based alcohol interventions suggests these substantially reduce alcohol-related injuries, but the estimate may not be applicable outside the USA or to all emergency patients.


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