Alcohol: the complete collection
 Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 759 documents.

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DOCUMENT 2019 HTM file
Prison Drugs Strategy

HM Prison and Probation Service.
HM Prison and Probation Service, 2019
[Consultation draft subject to amendment and correction.] Tackling the presence of drugs and drug use problems in UK prisons necessitates a three-pronged approach, says the national agency responsible for prison and probation services, outlining in a new Prison Drugs Strategy how it will work with key stakeholders to reduce demand, restrict supply, and build recovery.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Doing time on a TC: how effective are drug-free therapeutic communities in prison? A review of the literature

Aslan, L.
International Journal of Therapeutic Communities: 2018, 39(1), p. 26–34.
Evidence gathered over the last decade affirms the greater effectiveness of therapeutic communities in prison versus other treatment models, and highlights improved recidivism and drug use outcomes when the prison regimen is reinforced by community aftercare on release.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Psychotherapy relationships that work III

Norcross J.C., Lambert M.J.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 303–315.
Research findings amalgamated in 16 reviews for an American Psychological Association task force led them to authoritatively assess many dimensions of the client–psychotherapist relationship as important determinants of patients’ progress. “The relationship can heal,” is the overall conclusion – one likely to be highly relevant to recovery from addiction.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
The real relationship and its role in psychotherapy outcome: a meta-analysis

Gelso C.J., Kivlighan D.M., Markin R.D.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 434–444.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association indicate that patient progress and treatment quality are strongly related to the strength of the personal (‘real’) relationship between client and therapist – more strongly than the working relationship focused on the therapy. Showing that you like, value and care for someone may be therapeutic in itself.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
The alliance in adult psychotherapy: a meta-analytic synthesis

Flückiger C., Del Re A.C., Wampold B.E. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 316–340.
Comprehensive review for the American Psychological Association concludes that the working relationship between clients and their counsellors or therapists is one of the largest and most consistent determinants of outcomes. Practice recommendations aim to help practitioners foster strong relationships.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analysis of the alliance–outcome relation in couple and family therapy

Friedlander M.L., Escudero V., Welmers-van de Poll M.J. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 356–371.
Amalgamation and review of research findings commissioned by the American Psychological Association reveals that working relationships in couple and family therapies are at least as important as in individual therapies. Practice recommendations will help therapists develop these relationships, augmenting the impacts of some of the most effective ways to treat substance use problems.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Countertransference management and effective psychotherapy: meta-analytic findings

Hayes J.A., Goldberg S., Gelso C.J. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 496–507.
‘Therapist know thyself’ is the Socratic injunction strongly suggested by findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association. Across all relevant studies, counsellors and therapists with the self-awareness and abilities to recognise, understand and use their reactions to clients – even when these are driven by the practitioner’s own internal conflicts – conduct better therapy and have more satisfied clients.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Collecting and delivering progress feedback: a meta-analysis of routine outcome monitoring

Lambert M.J., Whipple J.L., Kleinstäuber M.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 520–537.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes usually improve when therapists are provided with real-time feedback from the client on their progress and on factors affecting it such as the client–therapist relationship. Especially among clients (including substance use clients) who would otherwise deteriorate or not improve, these systems are among the most effective ways available to services to improve outcomes.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
A meta-analysis of the association between patients’ early perception of treatment credibility and their posttreatment outcomes

Constantino M.J., Coyne A.E., Vîsla A. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 486–495.
Review commissioned by the American Psychological Association suggests therapists should incorporate strategies to enhance the credibility of treatment when explaining its rationale and throughout therapy. The more a treatment ‘makes sense’ to a patient, the better outcomes tend to be.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analysis of the prospective relation between alliance and outcome in child and adolescent psychotherapy

Karver M.S., De Nadai A.S., Monahan M. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 341–355.
Amalgamation of research findings for the American Psychological Association finds that the relationship between therapists and young clients and their parents matters nearly as much as for adults. Practice recommendations will aid counsellors, therapists and mental health teams in their work with young substance users.


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