All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 792 documents.
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Wray T.B., Grin B., Dorfman L. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2016, 35, p.148–157.
With an ‘alarmingly scarce’ evidence base to go on, the researchers draw parallels with the broader alcohol treatment literature, finding some support for interventions with motivational components among cohorts of gay and bisexual men, for whom heavy drinking is associated with more severe and chronic consequences.
de Vocht F., Tilling K., Pliakas T. et al.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 2017, 71, 912–918
Variations in the implementation of alcohol licensing policies across England presented a natural opportunity to study the impact of discretionary powers. Between 2011 and 2015, local areas with a more ‘hands on’ approach to enforcement saw moderate reductions in alcohol-related hospital admissions and violent and sexual crimes.
Rose A.K., Jones A.
Addiction: 2018, 113(8), p. 1396–1406.
With patchy evidence of the effectiveness of baclofen, and serious concerns about the medication’s safety, is it ‘premature’ for the muscle-relaxant to be prescribed as a treatment for alcohol use disorders?
HOT TOPIC 2018 HTM file
A minimum price for drink?
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Politics and evidence relating to the most important and controversial public health issue of recent times – eliminating the cheap drink heavy drinkers rely on by setting a high minimum per unit price for alcohol. Scotland has done it and other UK nations are following suit – but not yet England.
Boniface S., Scannell J.W., Marlow S.
BMJ Open: 2017, 7(e013497).
Unable to draw on evidence from ‘gold standard’ randomised controlled trials, this review used nine criteria to assess the effect of minimum unit pricing – finding on balance that setting a minimum price per unit of alcohol was likely to reduce alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms.
Armstrong-Moore R., Haighton C., Davinson N. et al.
BMC Public Health: 2018, 18(302), p. 1–13.
The first review to focus on alcohol interventions for older people found some evidence that psychosocial interventions such as counselling and brief advice were effective, but the studies lacked sufficient detail to determine which elements of the interventions might be having an effect.
Manning V., Best D., Faulkner N. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2012, 126(1–2), p. 131–137.
In the context of current UK policy, this is a key study, testing the ambition to extend recovery beyond formal treatment by systematically linking patients to mutual aid groups, the main way it is being suggested commissioners can square the circle of doing more (recovery is seen as a whole-life transformation) with less.
Velasquez M.M., von Sternberg K.L., Floyd R.L. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2017, 53(1), p. 85–95.
Compared to brief advice, the CHOICES Plus intervention significantly lowered the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies among women in a low-income primary care population. This US-based trial illustrates the efficacy of a bundle of ‘pre-conception’ services for risky drinking, smoking, and ineffective contraception.
McGinnes R.A., Hutton J.E., Weiland T.J. et al.
Emergency Medicine Australasia: 2016, 28, p. 629–640.
With the large number of people vulnerable to the harms of risky drinking attending emergency departments, an effective ultra-brief intervention would have the potential to make a measurable population impact. However, as this review suggests, no such ultra-brief intervention has yet been found.
Müller C.A, Geisel O., Pelz P. et al.
European Neuropsychopharmacology: 2015, 25, p. 1167–1177.
From Germany the first trial to rigorously test high doses of the muscle-relaxant baclofen for the treatment of dependent drinking found post-detoxification drinking reductions of a magnitude rarely seen. Other trials have been less positive, and serious safety concerns may limit the drug’s use.
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