Alcohol: the complete collection
 Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 792 documents.

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REVIEW 2016 HTM file
Systematic review of interventions to reduce problematic alcohol use in men who have sex with men

Wray T.B., Grin B., Dorfman L. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2016, 35, p.148–157.
With an ‘alarmingly scarce’ evidence base to go on, the researchers draw parallels with the broader alcohol treatment literature, finding some support for interventions with motivational components among cohorts of gay and bisexual men, for whom heavy drinking is associated with more severe and chronic consequences.

STUDY 2017 HTM file
The intervention effect of local alcohol licensing policies on hospital admission and crime: a natural experiment using a novel Bayesian synthetic time-series method

de Vocht F., Tilling K., Pliakas T. et al.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 2017, 71, 912–918
Variations in the implementation of alcohol licensing policies across England presented a natural opportunity to study the impact of discretionary powers. Between 2011 and 2015, local areas with a more ‘hands on’ approach to enforcement saw moderate reductions in alcohol-related hospital admissions and violent and sexual crimes.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Baclofen: its effectiveness in reducing harmful drinking, craving, and negative mood. A meta-analysis

Rose A.K., Jones A.
Addiction: 2018, 113(8), p. 1396–1406.
With patchy evidence of the effectiveness of baclofen, and serious concerns about the medication’s safety, is it ‘premature’ for the muscle-relaxant to be prescribed as a treatment for alcohol use disorders?

HOT TOPIC 2018 HTM file
A minimum price for drink?

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Politics and evidence relating to the most important and controversial public health issue of recent times – eliminating the cheap drink heavy drinkers rely on by setting a high minimum per unit price for alcohol. Scotland has done it and other UK nations are following suit – but not yet England.

REVIEW 2017 HTM file
Evidence for the effectiveness of minimum pricing of alcohol: a systematic review and assessment using the Bradford Hill criteria for causality

Boniface S., Scannell J.W., Marlow S.
BMJ Open: 2017, 7(e013497).
Unable to draw on evidence from ‘gold standard’ randomised controlled trials, this review used nine criteria to assess the effect of minimum unit pricing – finding on balance that setting a minimum price per unit of alcohol was likely to reduce alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Interventions to reduce the negative effects of alcohol consumption in older adults: a systematic review

Armstrong-Moore R., Haighton C., Davinson N. et al.
BMC Public Health: 2018, 18(302), p. 1–13.
The first review to focus on alcohol interventions for older people found some evidence that psychosocial interventions such as counselling and brief advice were effective, but the studies lacked sufficient detail to determine which elements of the interventions might be having an effect.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Does active referral by a doctor or 12-step peer improve 12-step meeting attendance? Results from a pilot randomised control trial

Manning V., Best D., Faulkner N. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2012, 126(1–2), p. 131–137.
In the context of current UK policy, this is a key study, testing the ambition to extend recovery beyond formal treatment by systematically linking patients to mutual aid groups, the main way it is being suggested commissioners can square the circle of doing more (recovery is seen as a whole-life transformation) with less.

STUDY 2017 HTM file
Preventing alcohol and tobacco exposed pregnancies: CHOICES Plus in primary care

Velasquez M.M., von Sternberg K.L., Floyd R.L. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2017, 53(1), p. 85–95.
Compared to brief advice, the CHOICES Plus intervention significantly lowered the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies among women in a low-income primary care population. This US-based trial illustrates the efficacy of a bundle of ‘pre-conception’ services for risky drinking, smoking, and ineffective contraception.

REVIEW 2016 HTM file
Review article: Effectiveness of ultra-brief interventions in the emergency department to reduce alcohol consumption: A systematic review

McGinnes R.A., Hutton J.E., Weiland T.J. et al.
Emergency Medicine Australasia: 2016, 28, p. 629–640.
With the large number of people vulnerable to the harms of risky drinking attending emergency departments, an effective ultra-brief intervention would have the potential to make a measurable population impact. However, as this review suggests, no such ultra-brief intervention has yet been found.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
High-dose baclofen for the treatment of alcohol dependence (BACLAD study): A randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Müller C.A, Geisel O., Pelz P. et al.
European Neuropsychopharmacology: 2015, 25, p. 1167–1177.
From Germany the first trial to rigorously test high doses of the muscle-relaxant baclofen for the treatment of dependent drinking found post-detoxification drinking reductions of a magnitude rarely seen. Other trials have been less positive, and serious safety concerns may limit the drug’s use.

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