Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 785 documents.

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REVIEW 2014 HTM file
Estimating the efficacy of Alcoholics Anonymous without self-selection bias: an instrumental variables re-analysis of randomized clinical trials

Humphreys K., Blodgett J.C., Wagner T.H.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2014, 38(11), p. 2688–2694.
12-step fellowships offer a way to reconcile shrunken resources with the desire to get more patients safely out of treatment. Accounting for the self-selection bias which has obscured AA’s impacts, this synthesis of US trials finds that attending more meetings after treatment boosts abstinence. Why then is research equivocal on whether promoting attendance improves drink-related outcomes?

MATRIX CELL 2017 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell A4: Interventions; Psychosocial therapies

Ashton M.
The most important seminal and key studies on the general principles underpinning psychosocial therapies and the effectiveness specific approaches. One of 25 cells in the alcohol matrix. Also highlights the most useful reviews and practice guidelines and offers a customised one-click search for more on the Effectiveness Bank database.

STUDY 1957 HTM file
A study of three types of group psychotherapy with hospitalized male inebriates

Ends E.J., Page, C.W.
Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol: 1957, 18, p. 263–277.
Early US study uncovered for the Alcohol Treatment Matrix found a Rogerian client-centred therapy characterised by non-directive, empathic listening beneficially changed self-perceptions of alcohol-dependent patients and reduced relapse compared to approaches based on learning theory or psychoanalysis.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Still hard to find reasons for matching patients to therapies

on the web
The UK Alcohol Treatment Trial has confounded expectations that a motivational approach would be preferable for unmotivated or hostile patients, while supportive social networks would be particularly important for patients lacking these to begin with.

HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
It’s magic: prevent substance use problems without mentioning drugs

Ashton M., Davies N.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Analyses the evidence leading to the realisation that focusing on drugs is not necessarily the best way to prevent problem drug use; youth programmes addressing underlying vulnerabilities and structural influences have growing research support.

MATRIX CELL 2017 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell E3: Treatment systems; Medical treatment

Ashton M.
Seminal and key studies on local, regional and national systems for effectively and cost-effectively providing medical interventions and treatment in medical settings.

HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
Residential rehabilitation: the high road to recovery?

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Asks whether residential rehabilitation is particularly suited to today’s abstinence-based recovery ambitions, and whether nevertheless these services are under threat, treated as a last resort rather than a front-line option.

HOT TOPIC 2017 HTM file
Should dependent drinkers always try for abstinence?

Ashton M., Davies N.
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. For decades no issue has been hotter than whether dependent drinkers should always be advised to aim for abstinence rather than controlled drinking. We detail the fascinating background to this question faced on entering treatment by every drinker and their counsellor.

STUDY 2006 HTM file
Effectiveness of nurse-led brief alcohol intervention: A cluster randomized controlled trial

Lock C.A., Kaner E., Heather N. et al.
Journal of Advanced Nursing: 2006, 54(4), p. 426–439.
Interventions delivered by nurses did lead to a reduction in excessive drinking in their patients, but there seemed to be no advantage of a structured brief intervention over standard advice.

MATRIX CELL 2016 HTM file
Alcohol Matrix cell D3: Organisational functioning; Medical treatment

Ashton M.
Selected studies and reviews on how treatment organisations affect the implementation and effectiveness of medical interventions and treatment in medical settings. One of 25 cells in the alcohol matrix.


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