Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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REVIEW 2015 HTM file
The efficacy of acamprosate and naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence, Europe versus the rest of the world: a meta-analysis

Donoghue K., Elzerbi C., Saunders R. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110(6), p. 920–930.
Whether differences between the patients mean impacts of the alcohol treatment medications acamprosate and naltrexone vary between Europe and the USA was the issue which motivated this fresh analysis of randomised trials. It confirmed the medications’ efficacy and found no evidence that this differed in European trials versus those conducted elsewhere.

COLLECTION 2016 HTM file
The Old Gold archive

‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. Archive of entries analysing seminal studies of lasting significance from the past.

MATRIX CELL 2016 HTM file
Alcohol Matrix cell C1: Management/supervision; Screening and brief intervention

Ashton M.
The most important seminal and key studies on the role of management and supervision in screening and brief interventions for risky drinking. Also highlights the most useful reviews and practice guidelines and offers a customised one-click search for more on the Effectiveness Bank database.

MATRIX CELL 2016 HTM file
Alcohol Matrix cell B1: Practitioners; Screening and brief intervention

Ashton M.
The most important seminal and key studies on the impact of the practitioner in brief interventions. One of 25 cells in the alcohol matrix. Also highlights the most useful reviews and practice guidelines and offers a customised one-click search for more on the Effectiveness Bank database.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The efficacy of disulfiram for the treatment of alcohol use disorder

Jørgensen C.H., Pedersen B., Tønnesen H.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2011, 35(10), p 1–10.
Given effective supervision from family or clinicians to help ensure patients keep taking the tablets, this first systematic synthesis of research finds that on average the drug disulfiram, which produces an unpleasant physical reaction to drinking, does act as an aid to abstinence in the treatment of alcohol dependence.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Model-based appraisal of the comparative impact of minimum unit pricing and taxation policies in Scotland

Angus C., Holmes J., Pryce R. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2016.
Whether alcohol tax rises would be an acceptable and effective alternative could determine the legality under EU law of Scotland’s law permitting a minimum unit price for alcohol. This analysis predicts tax rises would curb consumption and save lives, but not without perhaps unacceptably hitting the pockets of non-harmful drinkers.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Screening, brief intervention, and referral for alcohol use in adolescents: a systematic review

Yuma-Guerrero P.J., Lawson K.A., Velasquez M.M. et al.
Pediatrics: 2012, 130(1), p. 115–122.
‘Inconclusive’ was the verdict of a review which aimed to assess the effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions among patients aged 11 to 21 attending for emergency care in the USA. Most promising targets seem to have been the more heavy or irresponsibly drinking among patients who were young adults rather than adolescents.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Screening for underage drinking and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition alcohol use disorder in rural primary care practice

Clark D.B., Martin C.S., Chung T. et al.
Journal of Pediatrics: In press, 2016
A US study of young people in rural primary care settings finds that alcohol use disorders can be identified with a single question about frequency of drinking.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
What about evidence-based commissioning?

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. In the UK the landscape of drug and alcohol service commissioning to meet need in an area has radically altered – a leap in the dark illuminated only dimly by prior evidence and current evaluations.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
What makes for an effective treatment service?

Ashton M., Davies N.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Different treatment services can vary hugely in their outcomes. What characterises an effective treatment service, and how can these attributes be boosted?


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