Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 775 documents.

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HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
The complexity and challenge of ‘dual diagnosis’

Ashton M., Davies N.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Whether to focus on mental illness or problem substance use when the patient exhibits both is long-standing conundrum which still puzzles today’s treatment services. Arising with as many as three-quarters of the drug treatment caseload, deciding how to respond is a is a major issue.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
The therapeutic potential of patients and clients

Ashton M.
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. The recovery agenda emphasises the transformation of problem substance users into solutions to those problems through peer support and involvement in their own care – but perhaps at a deeper level, the patient or client has always been the author of their own recovery.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
‘Everyone’s not doing it’ message offers hope for prevention

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. ‘Normative education’ comparing the recipient’s use levels to population norms retains some of its shine as the great hope for school- and college-based prevention, but accumulating data demands a reappraisal.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
The efficacy of acamprosate and naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence, Europe versus the rest of the world: a meta-analysis

Donoghue K., Elzerbi C., Saunders R. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110(6), p. 920–930.
Whether differences between the patients mean impacts of the alcohol treatment medications acamprosate and naltrexone vary between Europe and the USA was the issue which motivated this fresh analysis of randomised trials. It confirmed the medications’ efficacy and found no evidence that this differed in European trials versus those conducted elsewhere.

COLLECTION 2016 HTM file
The Old Gold archive

‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. Archive of entries analysing seminal studies of lasting significance from the past.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The efficacy of disulfiram for the treatment of alcohol use disorder

Jørgensen C.H., Pedersen B., Tønnesen H.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2011, 35(10), p 1–10.
Given effective supervision from family or clinicians to help ensure patients keep taking the tablets, this first systematic synthesis of research finds that on average the drug disulfiram, which produces an unpleasant physical reaction to drinking, does act as an aid to abstinence in the treatment of alcohol dependence.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Model-based appraisal of the comparative impact of minimum unit pricing and taxation policies in Scotland

Angus C., Holmes J., Pryce R. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2016.
Whether alcohol tax rises would be an acceptable and effective alternative could determine the legality under EU law of Scotland’s law permitting a minimum unit price for alcohol. This analysis predicts tax rises would curb consumption and save lives, but not without perhaps unacceptably hitting the pockets of non-harmful drinkers.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Screening, brief intervention, and referral for alcohol use in adolescents: a systematic review

Yuma-Guerrero P.J., Lawson K.A., Velasquez M.M. et al.
Pediatrics: 2012, 130(1), p. 115–122.
‘Inconclusive’ was the verdict of a review which aimed to assess the effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions among patients aged 11 to 21 attending for emergency care in the USA. Most promising targets seem to have been the more heavy or irresponsibly drinking among patients who were young adults rather than adolescents.

STUDY 2016 HTM file
Screening for underage drinking and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition alcohol use disorder in rural primary care practice

Clark D.B., Martin C.S., Chung T. et al.
Journal of Pediatrics: In press, 2016
A US study of young people in rural primary care settings finds that alcohol use disorders can be identified with a single question about frequency of drinking.

HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
What about evidence-based commissioning?

Ashton M.
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. In the UK the landscape of drug and alcohol service commissioning to meet need in an area has radically altered – a leap in the dark illuminated only dimly by prior evidence and current evaluations.


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