All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 792 documents.
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de Vocht F., Heron J., Angus C. et al.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 2016, 70(3), p. 231–237.
For the first time, a study in England has shown that the more strongly a local government area regulates the licensing of alcohol outlets, the greater the reduction in alcohol-related harm within the population, as reflected in the number of hospital admissions.
Dhital R., Norman I., Whittlesea C. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110(10), p. 1586–1594.
Despite a clear rationale for embedding brief interventions in community pharmacies, this UK trial found no evidence that they would reduce hazardous or harmful drinking.
HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
The therapeutic potential of patients and clients
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. The recovery agenda emphasises the transformation of problem substance users into solutions to those problems through peer support and involvement in their own care – but perhaps at a deeper level, the patient or client has always been the author of their own recovery.
HOT TOPIC 2016 HTM file
‘Everyone’s not doing it’ message offers hope for prevention
‘Hot topics’ offer background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. ‘Normative education’ comparing the recipient’s use levels to population norms retains some of its shine as the great hope for school- and college-based prevention, but accumulating data demands a reappraisal.
Donoghue K., Elzerbi C., Saunders R. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 110(6), p. 920–930.
Whether differences between the patients mean impacts of the alcohol treatment medications acamprosate and naltrexone vary between Europe and the USA was the issue which motivated this fresh analysis of randomised trials. It confirmed the medications’ efficacy and found no evidence that this differed in European trials versus those conducted elsewhere.
COLLECTION 2016 HTM file
The Old Gold archive
‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. Archive of entries analysing seminal studies of lasting significance from the past.
REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The efficacy of disulfiram for the treatment of alcohol use disorder
Jørgensen C.H., Pedersen B., Tønnesen H.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2011, 35(10), p 1–10.
Given effective supervision from family or clinicians to help ensure patients keep taking the tablets, this first systematic synthesis of research finds that on average the drug disulfiram, which produces an unpleasant physical reaction to drinking, does act as an aid to abstinence in the treatment of alcohol dependence.
Angus C., Holmes J., Pryce R. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2016.
Whether alcohol tax rises would be an acceptable and effective alternative could determine the legality under EU law of Scotland’s law permitting a minimum unit price for alcohol. This analysis predicts tax rises would curb consumption and save lives, but not without perhaps unacceptably hitting the pockets of non-harmful drinkers.
Yuma-Guerrero P.J., Lawson K.A., Velasquez M.M. et al.
Pediatrics: 2012, 130(1), p. 115–122.
‘Inconclusive’ was the verdict of a review which aimed to assess the effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions among patients aged 11 to 21 attending for emergency care in the USA. Most promising targets seem to have been the more heavy or irresponsibly drinking among patients who were young adults rather than adolescents.
Clark D.B., Martin C.S., Chung T. et al.
Journal of Pediatrics: In press, 2016
A US study of young people in rural primary care settings finds that alcohol use disorders can be identified with a single question about frequency of drinking.
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