All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 771 documents.
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McKay M., Agus A., Cole J. et al.
BMJ Open: 2018; 8:e019722.
Trialled in schools in Northern Ireland and Scotland, an alcohol harm reduction curriculum for secondary schools plus a parental component led to fewer pupils drinking heavily at a single sitting, but without significantly reducing harm related to the child’s drinking.
Brooks H.L., Kassam S., Salvalaggio G. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2018, 37(1), p. S145–S155.
Is it feasible (and desirable) to give regular doses of alcohol to hospital inpatients when supervised withdrawal or short-term abstinence from drinking is not a realistic goal?
MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell A1: Interventions; Screening and brief intervention
Seminal and key research and reviews on the effectiveness of screening for risky drinking followed by brief interventions for people screening positive. Discusses the implications of the major UK trials intended to inform government policy, and questions how ‘real world’ trials have been, and how strong the evidence is for the UK in particular. See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.
Fertility and Sterility: 2017, 108(2), p. 214–221.
How can infertility specialists integrate screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment into their everyday practice?
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2010.
In these UK national prevention guidelines, experts prioritised population-wide changes like price rises and outlet restrictions which affect everyone, independent of the choices they make. But in England government prefers to target what they see as the troublesome minority, not the responsible majority.
Wigham S., Bauer A., Ferguson J. et al.
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps: 2017, 163, p. 242–250.
For the UK armed forces, with their unique organisational, social and drinking cultures, what can be learned from US studies about reducing harm among military personnel adjusting to civilian life?
REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations
Kaner EFS., Beyer FR., Muirhead C. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018
Update of a key document forming the basis of claims that brief interventions work in ‘real-world’ settings. Combined findings from randomised trials confirm that brief advice in primary care can reduce drinking, but will those reductions be realised in contemporary routine practice?
Grace S., Page G., Lloyd C., et al.
Criminology and Criminal Justice: 2016, 16(5), p. 602–621.
How do drug recovery wings in women’s prisons compare with best practice in Baroness Corston’s 2007 report to the Home Office?
Collins S.E., Clifasefi S.L., Nelson L.A. et al.
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2019, 67, p. 24–33.
Heavy drinking is clearly problematic for homeless populations, but is the best way to tackle it to aim for abstinence, or to accept the reality of life on the streets and aim to reduce harm and improve lives in ways which make sense to the patient? This US study supports the latter, but without conclusively deciding the issue.
REVIEW 2019 HTM file
Family-based prevention programmes for alcohol use in young people
Gilligan C., Wolfenden L., Foxcroft D.R. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2019, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD012287.
Findings of this comprehensive review seem to almost entirely deflate what in the mid-2000s was a bubble of enthusiasm for parental programmes as a way to prevent or reduce drinking among teenagers – but despite this overall verdict, some interventions have had remarkable results.
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