All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 785 documents.
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Williams E.C., Rubinsky A.D., Chavez L.J. et al.
Addiction: 2014, 109(9), p. 1472–1481.
Evaluated across an entire region, a determined effort to implement alcohol screening and brief intervention in the US health system for ex-military personnel led to no significant reductions in drinking – results seen as a prime example of the disappointing impacts of alcohol brief interventions in real-world conditions.
REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Prevention of addictive behaviours
Bühler A., Thrul J.
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, 2015.
Based largely on existing reviews, this report for the German Federal Centre for Health Education comprehensively assesses substance use prevention approaches. Among its many conclusions are that approaches based solely on information provision are ineffective, in contrast to the more positive evidence for lifeskills and multi-component community programmes.
Cruvinel E., Richter K.P., Bastos R.R. et al.
Addiction Science and Clinical Practice: 2013 8(4).
From Brazilian primary care clinics a rare confirmation that a positive organisational climate featuring commitment to staff professional development and good links with the local community is associated with overcoming barriers to widely implementing screening and brief intervention programmes.
Williams E.C., Lapham G., Achtmeyer C.E. et al.
Journal of General Internal Medicine: 2010, 25(suppl. 1), p. 11–17.
When a patient has screened positive for risky drinking, up pops a computerised prompt to remind the clinician to consider counselling. In one service for US ex-military personnel, this resulted in nearly three quarters of patients being counselled and a hint of consequentially reduced drinking; at another, findings were negative. Why the difference?
Manthey J., Probst C., Hanschmidt F. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2015, 154, p. 93–99.
Across six European countries, during normal consultations primary care doctors correctly identified 65% of their adult patients as current drinkers, and diagnosed as problem drinkers under a third of those whose responses during interviews with researchers were indicative of risky drinking.
Clayton A., O’Connell M.J., Bellamy C. et al.
American Journal of Community Psychology: 2013, 51(1), p 114–122.
This US study found that among people with serious mental illness and a history of criminal justice involvement, an intervention intended to foster citizenship through peer mentoring, education and activities, reduced alcohol and drug use and enhanced quality of life and satisfaction with social, leisure and work activities.
Taylor M.J., Vlaev I., Maltby J.J. et al.
Health Psychology: 2015, pre-print.
‘Social norm’ interventions which aim to reduce consumption by telling heavy drinkers how their drinking compares to their peer-group norm have a patchy record, but this British study suggests for students they might be improved by ranking against peers (eg, ‘You drink more than 80% of students’) rather than comparing how many units of alcohol they consume.
Field C., Walters S., Marti C.N. et al.
Annals of Surgery: 2014, 259(5), p. 873–880.
US trauma centres dealing with serious and often alcohol-related injuries ought to offer an environment conducive to brief alcohol interventions, but this first multi-site trial found motivational counselling more effective than minimal advice only when combined with a follow-up ‘booster’ phone call.
Merz V., Baptista J., Haller D.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 2015, 69, p. 912–917.
Analysis of the only four randomised trials of brief alcohol interventions among 18–24-years-olds seen at emergency departments after getting drunk tentatively suggested that booster sessions or later advice are needed to reduce drinking.
Criminology and Criminal Justice: 2015, 15(4), p. 464–483.
The first UK evaluation of court-ordered alcohol treatment to feature an adequate comparison group finds no statistically significant reductions in recorded re-offending associated with alcohol treatment requirements imposed as part of a probation sentence.
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