Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 768 documents.

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STUDY 2015 HTM file
Extended-release naltrexone for alcohol and opioid problems in Missouri parolees and probationers

Crits-Christoph P, Lundy C., Stringer M. et al
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2015, 56, p. 54–60.
Long-acting injectable naltrexone blocks the effects of opiates for about a month and has also helped dependent drinkers cut back. Treatment records in the US state of Missouri showed that among the few problem substance using offenders allocated to or who chose this treatment, a much higher proportion became abstinent than those offered other kinds of addiction treatment.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
Modelling the cost-effectiveness of alcohol screening and brief interventions in primary care in England

Purshouse R.C., Brennan A., Rafia R. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2013, 48(2), p. 180–188.
Simulation study calculated health care cost savings and benefits for patients in England which make routine GP-based screening and brief advice for excessive drinking look an unmissable bargain, but the key assumptions derived from studies divorced from how interventions would routinely be implemented.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Efficacy of an online intervention to reduce alcohol-related risks among community college students

Donovan E., Mahapatra P.D., Green T.C. et al.
Addiction Research and Theory: 2015, 23(5), p. 437–447.
US students starting courses at community colleges drank less after being randomly allocated to an online alcohol risk-reduction programme but there were no effects on adverse consequences of drinking or on use of strategies to prevent these.

DOCUMENT 2015 HTM file
Alcohol-use disorders

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
[UK] National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2015.
Online flowcharts from the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guide planners and practitioners dealing with alcohol use disorders through choices of strategies and interventions on prevention, brief interventions, alcohol treatment, and treatment of associated medical conditions.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Promoting supportive parenting in new mothers with substance use problems: a pilot randomized trial of residential treatment plus an attachment-based parenting program

Berlin L. J., Shanahan M. et al.
Infant Mental Health Journal: 2014, 35(1), p. 81–85.
After intensive coaching in parenting conducted with mother and child together, randomly selected mothers in residential treatment demonstrated more sensitive parenting than mothers not allocated to the programme, promising to intercept inter-generational transmission of poor parenting.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
Effectiveness of screening and brief alcohol intervention in primary care (SIPS trial): pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial

Kaner E., Bland M., Cassidy P. et al.
BMJ: 2013, 346, e8501.
The primary care arm of the largest alcohol screening and brief intervention study yet conducted in Britain found that the proportion of risky drinkers fell just as much after the most minimal of screening and intervention methods as after more sophisticated and longer (but still brief) alternatives.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Mortality of harmful drinkers increased after reduction of alcohol prices in northern Finland: A 10-year follow-up of head trauma subjects

Vaaramo K., Puljula J., Tetri S. et al.
Neuroepidemiology: 2012, 39, p. 156–162.
Evidence from Finland that the 2004 decreases in alcohol taxes and increase in availability of cheaper drink from abroad led to an increase in alcohol-related deaths and in deaths overall among harmful drinkers.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
Modeling the impact of alcohol dependence on mortality burden and the effect of available treatment interventions in the European Union

Rehm J., Shield K.D. Gmel G. et al.
European Neuropsychopharmacology: 2013, 23(2), p. 89–97.
Simulation exercise estimates that had either the main anti-relapse medications or brief interventions on hospital wards reached 40% of the heaviest and dependent drinkers, in 2004 they would have prevented nearly 12,000 deaths across the European Union.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Consultation-liaison psychiatry in general hospitals: improvement in physicians’ detection rates of alcohol use disorders

Diehl A., Nakovics H., Croissant B. et al.
Psychosomatics: 2009, 50(6), p. 599–604.
When an addiction psychiatrist modelled good alcohol assessment practice while accompanying doctors once a week during their ward rounds, the result was steeply increased rates of correct diagnosis of drink problems and of referral to treatment, offering an alternative to possibly unwelcome training or direction of clinical staff.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Reducing the harm from adolescent alcohol consumption: results from an adapted version of SHAHRP in Northern Ireland

McKay M.T., McBride N.T., Sumnall H.R. et al.
Journal of Substance Use: 2012, 17(2), p. 98–121.
As in Australia, an alcohol harm reduction curriculum adapted for secondary schools in Northern Ireland curbed the growth in alcohol-related problems and also meant pupils drank less. Results suggest this approach might offer a more fruitful focus for education about commonly used substances than simply promoting non-use.


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