Alcohol: the complete collection
 Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 791 documents.

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STUDY 2015 HTM file
Identification of smokers, drinkers and risky drinkers by general practitioners

Manthey J., Probst C., Hanschmidt F. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2015, 154, p. 93–99.
Across six European countries, during normal consultations primary care doctors correctly identified 65% of their adult patients as current drinkers, and diagnosed as problem drinkers under a third of those whose responses during interviews with researchers were indicative of risky drinking.

STUDY 2013 HTM file
The Citizenship Project part II: Impact of a citizenship intervention on clinical and community outcomes for persons with mental illness and criminal justice involvement

Clayton A., O’Connell M.J., Bellamy C. et al.
American Journal of Community Psychology: 2013, 51(1), p 114–122.
This US study found that among people with serious mental illness and a history of criminal justice involvement, an intervention intended to foster citizenship through peer mentoring, education and activities, reduced alcohol and drug use and enhanced quality of life and satisfaction with social, leisure and work activities.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Improving social norms interventions: rank-framing increases excessive alcohol drinkers’ information-seeking

Taylor M.J., Vlaev I., Maltby J.J. et al.
Health Psychology: 2015, pre-print.
‘Social norm’ interventions which aim to reduce consumption by telling heavy drinkers how their drinking compares to their peer-group norm have a patchy record, but this British study suggests for students they might be improved by ranking against peers (eg, ‘You drink more than 80% of students’) rather than comparing how many units of alcohol they consume.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
A multisite randomized controlled trial of brief intervention to reduce drinking in the trauma care setting: how brief is brief?

Field C., Walters S., Marti C.N. et al.
Annals of Surgery: 2014, 259(5), p. 873–880.
US trauma centres dealing with serious and often alcohol-related injuries ought to offer an environment conducive to brief alcohol interventions, but this first multi-site trial found motivational counselling more effective than minimal advice only when combined with a follow-up ‘booster’ phone call.

REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Brief interventions to prevent recurrence and alcohol-related problems in young adults admitted to the emergency ward following an alcohol-related event: a systematic review

Merz V., Baptista J., Haller D.
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 2015, 69, p. 912–917.
Analysis of the only four randomised trials of brief alcohol interventions among 18–24-years-olds seen at emergency departments after getting drunk tentatively suggested that booster sessions or later advice are needed to reduce drinking.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Calling time on ‘alcohol-related’ crime? Examining the impact of court-mandated alcohol treatment on offending using propensity score matching

McSweeney T.
Criminology and Criminal Justice: 2015, 15(4), p. 464–483.
The first UK evaluation of court-ordered alcohol treatment to feature an adequate comparison group finds no statistically significant reductions in recorded re-offending associated with alcohol treatment requirements imposed as part of a probation sentence.

DOCUMENT 2009 HTM file
Screening and brief interventions (SBI) for unhealthy alcohol use: a step-by-step implementation guide for trauma centers

Higgins-Biddle J., Hungerford D., Cates-Wessel K.
[US] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2009.
Based on research findings, a practical US government guide for trauma centres dealing with serious injuries on how to plan, implement and monitor a programme to identify risky drinking among their patients and to offer appropriate advice and referral.

STUDY 1993 HTM file
Enhancing motivation for change in problem drinking: a controlled comparison of two therapist styles

Miller W.R., Benefield R.G., Tonigan, J.S.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 1993, 61, p. 455–461.
Seminal study that validated motivational interviewing’s empathic, client-centred style. It suggested that by not provoking resistance, the non-confrontational style mandated by motivational interviewing reduced drinking compared to the then more typical blunt and challenging approach.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Effects of a 2009 Illinois alcohol tax increase on fatal motor vehicle crashes

Wagenaar A.C., Livingston M.D., Staras S.S.
American Journal of Public Health: 2015, 105(9), p. 1880–1885.
Though price rises would have been modest, still the increase in alcohol taxes in Illinois in 2009 significantly reduced fatal alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes by at least 15% over the following 28 months.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Computer-delivered screening and brief intervention for alcohol use in pregnancy: a pilot randomized trial

Ondersma S.J., Beatty J.R., Svikis D.S. et al.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2015, 39(7), p. 1219–1226.
A computer-delivered brief intervention plus booster mailings increased the alcohol abstinence rate and improved pregnancy outcomes among risky drinking pregnant women recruited at a US antenatal clinic, though in this small pilot trial the results were not statistically significant.

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