All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.
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STUDY 2012 HTM file
Alcohol screening and brief intervention in emergency departments
Drummond C., Deluca P.
Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, 2012.
The emergency department arm of the largest alcohol screening and brief intervention study yet conducted in Britain found that the proportion of risky drinkers fell just as much after the most minimal of screening and intervention methods as after more sophisticated and longer (but still brief) alternatives.
Burns E., Gray R., Smith L.A.
Addiction: 2010, 105(4), p. 601–614.
Heavy drinking by mothers-to-be threatens their unborn child – but for that very reason, stigma may mean women shy away from admitting their problem. This review found several brief screening questionnaires showed promise in identifying mothers who might need to cut back, while others seemed unsuitable for the antenatal care context.
Pettinati H.M., Oslin D.W., Kampman K.M. et al.
American Journal of Psychiatry: 2010, 167(6), p. 668–675.
First evidence that combining sertraline for depression with naltrexone for drinking is more effective than either medication alone when dependent drinking is complicated by clinical depression.
REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Benzodiazepines for alcohol withdrawal
Amato L., Minozzi S., Vecchi S. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2010, 3, Art. No.: CD005063.
Rigorous review and synthesis of randomised trials indicates the superiority of benzodiazepines for controlling the potentially serious medical consequences of withdrawing from dependent drinking.
McCambridge J., Bendtsen M., Karlsson N. et al.
British Journal of Psychiatry: 2013, 203, p. 334–340.
A rare ‘real world’ trial of whether a routine and feasible brief alcohol intervention can have population-wide public health benefits found that among university students in Sweden, web-based screening had very minor impacts which were not enhanced by feeding back the results.
Kypri K., Vater T., Bowe S.J. et al.
Journal of the American Medical Association: 2014, 311(12), p. 1218–1224.
Findings from this multi-university study in New Zealand seem an example of trials of brief alcohol interventions as they would be implemented in routine practice failing to match more promising findings from trials conducted in less ‘real world’ circumstances.
Crawford M.J., Parry A.M.H., Weston A.R.W. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2012, 47(6). p. 738–742.
With this first UK survey providing data on price paid for alcohol plus consumption and income, the evidence is converging on the conclusion that poor heavy drinkers would be most affected by a minimum per unit price, gaining most in health, but losing most either in having to spend more or cut back on their drinking.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
A randomized pilot study of the Engaging Moms Program for family drug court
Dakof G.A., Cohen J.B., Henderson C.E. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2010, 38, p. 263–274.
US researchers may have found a better way to support mothers at risk of losing custody of their children so they engage in and benefit from substance use treatment and meet family court requirements, meaning more children can safely stay with their parents.
STUDY 2011 HTM file
The family drug and alcohol court (FDAC) evaluation project: final report
Harwin J., Ryan M, Tunnard J. et al.
Uxbridge: Brunel University, 2011.
The first family drug and alcohol court in Britain offers intensive specialist support to parents of children at risk due to parental substance misuse; the result in this small-scale pilot study was better parental and child outcomes at lower cost.
Midford R., Ramsden R. Lester L. et al.
Journal of Drug Education: Substance Abuse Research and Prevention: 2015, pre-publication.
Substance use education in schools targeting harm reduction rather than prevention of use gains ground with the alcohol-related results from this large-scale Australian trial; the researchers call for the approach to replace ineffective usual lessons.
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