Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Efficacy of brief alcohol screening intervention for college students (BASICS): a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Fachini A., Aliane P.P., Martinez E.Z. et al.
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy: 2012, 7:40.
Synthesis of randomised trials of one of the most widely implemented and studied approaches to heavy-drinking among college students finds it does reduce both drinking and related problems, but compared to what is unclear, and none of the individual trials was convincing.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity

Meier P.S., Purshouse R., Brennan A.
Addiction: 2010, 105(3), p. 383–393.
Minimum unit pricing for alcohol has in England faced the barrier of being seen as punishing the majority drinking public for the minority of irresponsible and ‘binge’ drinkers. This report reassuringly assessed the impacts on moderate drinkers as minor – but less reassuringly, so too the impacts on young ‘bingers’.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
ADAPTA: A pilot randomised controlled trial of an alcohol-focused intervention versus a healthy living intervention for problem drinkers identified in a general hospital setting

Watson J.M., Fairhurst C., Jinshuo L. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2015, 154, 117–124.
This UK study tested the idea that a multi-behaviour healthy living intervention would be more acceptable and more effective among problem drinking patients identified by a screening test than a specific alcohol intervention, but in both options found recruitment and retention challenging.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
The Drug Treatment Outcomes Research Study (DTORS): final outcomes report

Jones A., Donmall M., Millar T. et al.
[UK] Home Office, 2009.
Over 10 years since the last attempt, in 2006 a national study assessed the progress of patients starting drug treatment in England. A year later drug use and crime were down and social costs saved, but wider life improvements were minor compared to treatment costs.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Model-based appraisal of minimum unit pricing for alcohol in Wales

Meng Y., Sadler S., Gell L. et al.
Welsh Government Social Research, 2014.
After similar analyses for England and Scotland comes this simulation of what a minimum unit price for alcohol would do for health, crime and workplace absence in Wales. The conclusion is the same: set at the right level, the policy substantially saves lives and reduces social impact by making (especially poor and heavy) drinkers cut back.

REVIEW 2014 HTM file
Peer recovery support for individuals with substance use disorders: assessing the evidence

Reif S., Braude L., Lyman R. et al.
Psychiatric Services: 2014, 65(7), p. 853–861.
For such a widely implemented and widely supported adjunct to formal treatment, the revelation from this review is how little evidence there is for involving former problem substance users in promoting recovery from similar problems – a lack which may simply reflect the paucity of adequate research.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Specialist substance misuse treatment for young people in England 2013–14

Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2015.
Judged by successful completion of treatment, official report documents improved specialist treatment of children with alcohol and drug problems in England. Patient numbers have fallen in line with trends in the general population, though cannabis bucked the general downturn and now dominates the treatment statistics.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Monitoring and evaluating Scotland’s alcohol strategy. Fourth annual report

Beeston C., Geddes R., Craig N. et al.
NHS Health Scotland, 2014.
Report evaluating Scotland’s national alcohol strategy concludes that changes to alcohol licensing laws are unlikely to have affected alcohol-related harm, but that the ban on quantity discounts in the off-trade and increased delivery of brief interventions may have contributed to recent declines in alcohol consumption and harms.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Independent review of the effects of alcohol pricing and promotion

Meier P. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2008.
Commissioned by the English health department, the first study to model the impacts of alcohol policies by integrating data on pricing, promotion, purchasing, consumption and harm found that raising price or banning promotions can bring major benefits. The findings helped persuade government to introduce a minimum per unit price for alcohol.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Alcohol treatment in England 2013–14

Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2014.
In England a record 114,920 adults were in specialist alcohol treatment in 2013/14 and nearly 4 in 10 left as planned free of dependence. A good record, but probably still most dependent drinkers who might have benefited from treatment did without it, partly because relatively few found their way there via GPs and emergency departments.

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