All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 791 documents.
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Kaner E., Bland M., Cassidy P. et al.
BMJ: 2013, 346, e8501.
The primary care arm of the largest alcohol screening and brief intervention study yet conducted in Britain found that the proportion of risky drinkers fell just as much after the most minimal of screening and intervention methods as after more sophisticated and longer (but still brief) alternatives.
Vaaramo K., Puljula J., Tetri S. et al.
Neuroepidemiology: 2012, 39, p. 156–162.
Evidence from Finland that the 2004 decreases in alcohol taxes and increase in availability of cheaper drink from abroad led to an increase in alcohol-related deaths and in deaths overall among harmful drinkers.
Rehm J., Shield K.D. Gmel G. et al.
European Neuropsychopharmacology: 2013, 23(2), p. 89–97.
Simulation exercise estimates that had either the main anti-relapse medications or brief interventions on hospital wards reached 40% of the heaviest and dependent drinkers, in 2004 they would have prevented nearly 12,000 deaths across the European Union.
Diehl A., Nakovics H., Croissant B. et al.
Psychosomatics: 2009, 50(6), p. 599–604.
When an addiction psychiatrist modelled good alcohol assessment practice while accompanying doctors once a week during their ward rounds, the result was steeply increased rates of correct diagnosis of drink problems and of referral to treatment, offering an alternative to possibly unwelcome training or direction of clinical staff.
McKay M.T., McBride N.T., Sumnall H.R. et al.
Journal of Substance Use: 2012, 17(2), p. 98–121.
As in Australia, an alcohol harm reduction curriculum adapted for secondary schools in Northern Ireland curbed the growth in alcohol-related problems and also meant pupils drank less. Results suggest this approach might offer a more fruitful focus for education about commonly used substances than simply promoting non-use.
McKay M., Sumnall H., McBride N. et al.
Journal of Adolescence: 2014, 37, p. 1057–1067.
As with the original in Australia, an alcohol harm reduction programme adapted for secondary schools in Northern Ireland slowed down growth in drinking and related problems among the nearly half of pupils who before the lessons had already drunk without adults being present.
REVIEW 2015 HTM file
Does physical activity protect against drug abuse vulnerability?
Bardo M.T., Compton W.M.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2015, 153, p. 3–13.
Review assesses the evidence on whether physical exercise helps prevent or overcome drug use problems but finds it generally lacking or not sufficiently rigorous to answer these questions, despite some promising evidence in relation to overcoming dependence on tobacco and reasons to believe the physical changes induced by exercise would be protective.
Drummond C., Deluca P., Coulton S. et al.
PLoS ONE: 2014, 9(6), e99463.
‘Do just the minimum’ seems the message of the emergency department arm of the largest alcohol screening and brief intervention study yet conducted in Britain; the proportion of risky drinkers fell no less after a brief warning than after more sophisticated and longer interventions.
Knai C., Petticrew M., Durand M.A. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 1000(8), p. 1232–1246.
Even if fully implemented, pledges made by alcohol companies under the ‘Responsibility Deal’ for England would be unlikely to significantly affect consumption or health, judge the deal’s evaluators. Instead, other sources suggest they helped forestall a more effective measure – a minimum per unit price for alcohol.
Knai C., Petticrew M., Durand M.A. et al.
Addiction: 2015, 1000(8), p. 1217–1225.
At the heart of the UK government’s alcohol strategy are ‘Responsibility Deal’ pledges made by alcohol companies, but rather than being prompted by the deal, this report says actions committed to were usually already done or underway. Other sources suggest the process helped forestall a more effective measure – a minimum per unit price for alcohol.
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