All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 773 documents.
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Wagenaar A.C., Tobler A.L., Komro K.A.
American Journal of Public Health: 2010, 100(11), p. 2270–2278.
For what seems the first time, this analysis combined results from relevant studies to test whether low tax/price levels on alcohol result in poorer health and higher death rates. It found the expected relationships, but based on only the partial accounting of the harms and benefits of drinking found in most studies.
Leone M.A., Vigna-Taglianti F., Avanzi G. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2010, 2, art. no. CD006266.
Can one of the UK’s most notorious ‘club drugs’ help alcoholic patients withdraw from and stay away from alcohol? The answer from this authoritative review is that probably it can, but not well enough to displace safer and less abuse-prone alternatives.
REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Efficacy of group treatments for alcohol use disorders: a review
Orchowski L.M., Johnson, J.E.
Current Drug Abuse Reviews: 2012, 5(2), p.148–157
Treating patients in groups rather than individually seems to promise cost savings and perhaps too more effective treatment, but according to this review, research has yet to show treating problem drinkers together is clearly and consistently beneficial.
Baldwin S.A., Christian S., Berkeljon A. et al.
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy: 2012, 38(1), p. 281–304.
Review assesses the effectiveness selling points of four largely ‘privatised’ brand-name family therapies for troubled and delinquent teens. Yes, they work better than usual or individualised approaches, but not much and not always, and most of the research has been done by people who stand to gain from positive findings.
DOCUMENT 2012 HTM file
Alcohol problems in the criminal justice system: an opportunity for intervention
Graham L., Parkes T., McAuley A. et al.
World Health Organization, 2012.
Based largely on prior research analyses and guidelines from the UK, these international guidelines offer an integrated model of best practice care for problem-drinking prisoners, grounded in research specific to prisons and in potentially applicable research in other settings.
Morgenstern J., Kuerbis A., Amrhein P. et al.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2012, 26(4), p. 859–869.
Motivational interviewing’s originator has stressed how unexpected findings can force fruitful rethinking. This study may prove an example; designed to forefront the approach’s distinct active ingredients, other than fleetingly and non-significantly, these did not seem active at all among the stable, moderately dependent drinkers recruited to the trial.
Palmer E.J., Hatcher R.M., McGuire J. et al.
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology: 2012, 56(4), p. 525–538.
This study of a cognitive-behavioural course for convicted drink-drivers in England and Wales found no evidence that it reduced the reconviction rate, another disappointing finding on this widely implemented family of crime- reduction approaches.
REVIEW 2009 HTM file
Alcohol and drug screening of occupational drivers for preventing injury
Cashman C.M., Ruotsalainen J., Greiner B.A. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2009, 2, Art. No.: CD006566.
Exhaustive search finds just two rigorous studies of workplace testing for alcohol and/or drug use of people employed as drivers. For drugs there was some evidence of a long-term effect in averting injuries and deaths but in respect of both drugs and alcohol the evidence was too thin to support any particular policy.
DOCUMENT 2014 HTM file
Should dependent drinkers always try for abstinence?
Druglink: March/April 2014.
For many alcohol treatment services in the past and now, the only acceptable and feasible drinking goal for alcoholics is abstinence. That mould was decisively cracked when in 1973 researchers showed that even physically dependent drinkers could learn to drink in moderation. Controversy was fierce, reaching to the US Congress, TV networks and the courts.
Delcher, C., Maldonaldo-Molina, M.M., Wagenaar, A.C.
Addictive Behaviours: 2012(37) p.783–789
Changing alcohol tax rates in New York state mostly did not significantly affect the number of people who died from alcohol related diseases, perhaps as overall tax rates were still very low, and increases or decreases not always applied to all types of alcohol at once.
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