Alcohol: the complete collection
 Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 791 documents.

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STUDY 2009 HTM file
The Drug Treatment Outcomes Research Study (DTORS): final outcomes report

Jones A., Donmall M., Millar T. et al.
[UK] Home Office, 2009.
Over 10 years since the last attempt, in 2006 a national study assessed the progress of patients starting drug treatment in England. A year later drug use and crime were down and social costs saved, but wider life improvements were minor compared to treatment costs.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Model-based appraisal of minimum unit pricing for alcohol in Wales

Meng Y., Sadler S., Gell L. et al.
Welsh Government Social Research, 2014.
After similar analyses for England and Scotland comes this simulation of what a minimum unit price for alcohol would do for health, crime and workplace absence in Wales. The conclusion is the same: set at the right level, the policy substantially saves lives and reduces social impact by making (especially poor and heavy) drinkers cut back.

REVIEW 2014 HTM file
Peer recovery support for individuals with substance use disorders: assessing the evidence

Reif S., Braude L., Lyman R. et al.
Psychiatric Services: 2014, 65(7), p. 853–861.
For such a widely implemented and widely supported adjunct to formal treatment, the revelation from this review is how little evidence there is for involving former problem substance users in promoting recovery from similar problems – a lack which may simply reflect the paucity of adequate research.

STUDY 2015 HTM file
Specialist substance misuse treatment for young people in England 2013–14

Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2015.
Judged by successful completion of treatment, official report documents improved specialist treatment of children with alcohol and drug problems in England. Patient numbers have fallen in line with trends in the general population, though cannabis bucked the general downturn and now dominates the treatment statistics.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Monitoring and evaluating Scotland’s alcohol strategy. Fourth annual report

Beeston C., Geddes R., Craig N. et al.
NHS Health Scotland, 2014.
Report evaluating Scotland’s national alcohol strategy concludes that changes to alcohol licensing laws are unlikely to have affected alcohol-related harm, but that the ban on quantity discounts in the off-trade and increased delivery of brief interventions may have contributed to recent declines in alcohol consumption and harms.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Independent review of the effects of alcohol pricing and promotion

Meier P. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2008.
Commissioned by the English health department, the first study to model the impacts of alcohol policies by integrating data on pricing, promotion, purchasing, consumption and harm found that raising price or banning promotions can bring major benefits. The findings helped persuade government to introduce a minimum per unit price for alcohol.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Alcohol treatment in England 2013–14

Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2014.
In England a record 114,920 adults were in specialist alcohol treatment in 2013/14 and nearly 4 in 10 left as planned free of dependence. A good record, but probably still most dependent drinkers who might have benefited from treatment did without it, partly because relatively few found their way there via GPs and emergency departments.

REVIEW 1999 HTM file
Barriers to implementing effective correctional drug treatment programs

Farabee D, Prendergast M., Cartier J. et al.
Prison Journal: 1999, 79(2), p. 150–162.
Expertly describes and evaluates the difficulties of mounting drug treatment programmes in prisons, drawing on the pooled knowledge and experience of leading US researchers on why real-world programmes sometimes fail to live up to expectations based on more ideal-world trials. Though focused on prison, much is relevant also to community sentences.

STUDY 2014 HTM file
Assessing the availability of and need for specialist alcohol treatment services in Scotland

Clark I, Simpson L.
NHS Health Scotland, 2014.
Evidence that in 2012 Scotland’s alcohol treatment caseload equated to about 1 in 4 of the country’s alcohol-dependent adults, over three times the 1 in 14 ratio in England, partly a consequence of extra funding accompanying Scotland’s 2009 national alcohol strategy. Evidence too of a peer-based recovery orientation taking root.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Implementation issues in an innovative rural substance misuser treatment program

Godlaski T.M., Clark J.J.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2012, 47, p. 1439–1450.
Detailed, frank and compelling account of what it takes in the real world (when implementers have to grapple with counsellors and organisations over which they have no control) to introduce a new treatment approach. Key lesson is that each organisation is different; being there, learning about that unique context, and taking it in to account, is what’s needed to give implementation a chance.


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