Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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REVIEW 2018 HTM file
A meta-analysis of the association between patients’ early perception of treatment credibility and their posttreatment outcomes

Constantino M.J., Coyne A.E., Vîsla A. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 486–495.
Review commissioned by the American Psychological Association suggests therapists should incorporate strategies to enhance the credibility of treatment when explaining its rationale and throughout therapy. The more a treatment ‘makes sense’ to a patient, the better outcomes tend to be.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analysis of the prospective relation between alliance and outcome in child and adolescent psychotherapy

Karver M.S., De Nadai A.S., Monahan M. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 341–355.
Amalgamation of research findings for the American Psychological Association finds that the relationship between therapists and young clients and their parents matters nearly as much as for adults. Practice recommendations will aid counsellors, therapists and mental health teams in their work with young substance users.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Therapist self-disclosure and immediacy: a qualitative meta-analysis

Hill C. E., Knox S., Pinto-Coelho K.G.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 445–460.
It’s a dilemma for all therapists and counsellors – how much to disclose about yourself. Another difficult decision is when to directly confront what is happening and being felt then and there in therapy. A review for the American Psychological Association finds that positive reactions generally follow these therapist interventions, but they can also backfire. Guidance is offered on when to try them.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Congruence/genuineness: a meta-analysis

Kolden G.G., Wang C-C., Austin S.B. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 424–433.
Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that in the (mainly Western) cultures where these studies have been done, outcomes improve the more therapists are seen as genuine by their clients and relating to them human to human rather than as an authority figure.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Positive regard and psychotherapy outcome: a meta-analytic review

Farber B.A., Suzuki J.Y., Lynch D.A.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 411–423.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that across psychotherapy studies, outcomes improve the more therapists consistently demonstrate warmth and high regard for their clients – given the stigma and low regard attached to dependent substance use(rs), findings with important implications for promoting recovery.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Meta-analyses of the relation of goal consensus and collaboration to psychotherapy outcome

Tryon G.S., Birch S.E., Verkuilen J.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 372–383.
Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes are substantially better the more clients and therapists agree on goals and methods and form collaborative working relationships to implement those agreements. The findings support engaging patients as partners in setting treatment goals and methods.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Cohesion in group therapy: a meta-analysis

Burlingame G.M., McClendon D.T., Chongming Y.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 384–398.
A review commissioned by the American Psychological Association suggests that fostering cohesion between leaders and groups and within groups is an important way to improve group therapy outcomes. Practice recommendations are offered to help group leaders make the most of this common substance use treatment modality.

REVIEW 2018 HTM file
Therapist empathy and client outcome: an updated meta-analysis

Elliott R., Bohart A.C., Watson J.C. et al.
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 399–410.
Review commissioned by the American Psychological Association finds that the more therapists empathically communicate their understanding of and compassion for clients, the better the outcomes. Recommendations will help counsellors, therapists, trainers and supervisors foster this important foundation for therapist–client relationships.

Focus on women

‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. How do women’s substance use problems, needs and outcomes differ from those of men? Marking International Women’s Day 2019, this collection search mainly retrieves treatment research but includes some prevention analyses.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
A preliminary study of the effects of individual patient-level feedback in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs

Crits-Christoph P., Ring-Kurtz S., Hamilton J.L. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, p. 301–309.
Evidence that an earlier study feeding back client progress to counsellors did not find improved outcomes because data was aggregated across a caseload rather than identifying individuals doing poorly and recommending remedial actions. After remedying these deficits, a new system significantly improved mental health and reduced substance use.

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