Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 777 documents.

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DOCUMENT 2013 HTM file
Alcohol treatment in England 2012–13

Public Health England.
Public Health England, 2013.
In England nearly 110,000 patients were in specialist alcohol treatment in 2012/13 and over a third left as planned free of dependence. These numbers probably mean most dependent drinkers who could benefit from treatment do without it, perhaps partly because so few find their way to treatment via their GPs and other medical services.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Changing parental behaviour to reduce risky drinking among adolescents: current evidence and future directions

Gilligan C., Kypri K, Lubman D.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2012, 47(3), p. 349–354.
Should parents introduce their underage children to alcohol, and if they give their children alcohol, is it important that they supervise its consumption? Opinions and guidelines differ as do research findings, perhaps because much depends on the context.

DOCUMENT 2013 HTM file
Rewarding virtue

Ashton M.
Druglink: November/December 2013.
Can we dispense with counselling, therapy, treatment as we know it, and just punish or deprive patients of rewards when they use substances in undesired ways, and reward them when they behave as we/they would wish? British services are trialling an approach about which many clinicians express major ethical concerns – contingency management.

REVIEW 2013 HTM file
Quitting drugs: quantitative and qualitative features

Heyman G.M.
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology: 2013, 9, p. 29–59.
Innovative re-analysis of US national surveys reveals that no matter how long ago someone became dependent on an illegal drug or alcohol, their chances of achieving remission remain the same. The findings challenge models which assume that progressive neural, lifestyle or psychological changes increasingly lock someone in to addiction.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Probability and predictors of remission from life-time nicotine, alcohol, cannabis or cocaine dependence: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions

Lopez-Quintero C., Hasin D.S., Pérez de los Cobos J. et al.
Addiction: 2011, 106(3), p. 657–669.
The largest recent US national survey of drink and drug problems shows that outside the addiction treatment clinic, remission is the norm and recovery common. After 14 years half the people at some time dependent on alcohol were in remission, a milestone reached for cannabis after six years, and for cocaine after just five.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A meta-analysis of the efficacy of nonphysician brief interventions for unhealthy alcohol use: implications for the patient-centered medical home

Sullivan L.E., Tetrault J.M., Braithwaite R.S. et al.
American Journal on Addictions: 2011, 20, p. 343–356.
It works when the doctor does it, but what if the nurse or other primary care staff counsel risky drinking patients? It still works – maybe not as well, but perhaps more patients can be reached more cheaply.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
School-based programmes that seem to work: Useful research on substance use prevention or suspicious stories of success?

Pape H.
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2009, 26(6), p. 521–535.
According to a commentator, this "trenchant critique" of the evidence for school-based alcohol and drug prevention curricula is "unfortunately, largely on target". The focus is on methodological concerns which might undermine positive findings, and on whether these survive a programme's transplantation to real-world conditions.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Recovery/remission from substance use disorders: an analysis of reported outcomes in 415 scientific reports, 1868–2011

White W.L.
[US] Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center, Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health and Intellectual Disability Services and Northeast Addiction Technology Transfer Center, 2012.
Positive message of this compendious synthesis of hundreds of studies is that "Recovery is not an aberration achieved by a small and morally enlightened minority of addicted people. If there is a natural developmental momentum within the course of [these] problems, it is toward remission and recovery."

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Emotional compatibility and the effectiveness of anti-drinking messages: a defensive processing perspective on shame and guilt

Agrawal N., Duhachek A.
Journal of Marketing Research: 2010, 47(2), p. 263–273.
US students already burdened by these emotions reacted to shame or guilt-inducing anti-drink ads by intending to and actually drinking more, the opposite of what was intended. This intriguing series of studies may reinforce the feeling that the ways anti-substance use ads can backfire are so various, the safest option is not to try them.

DOCUMENT 2011 HTM file
Psychosis with coexisting substance misuse: assessment and management in adults and young people

National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.
[UK] National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2011.
Psychosis plus harmful substance use is a toxic mixture which worsens the prospects of recovery from mental illness. How should it be dealt with, and what are the respective roles of mental health and substance use services? This UK guideline developed by an expert group has some of the answers.


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