Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 773 documents.

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STUDY 2011 HTM file
Probability and predictors of remission from life-time nicotine, alcohol, cannabis or cocaine dependence: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions

Lopez-Quintero C., Hasin D.S., Pérez de los Cobos J. et al.
Addiction: 2011, 106(3), p. 657–669.
The largest recent US national survey of drink and drug problems shows that outside the addiction treatment clinic, remission is the norm and recovery common. After 14 years half the people at some time dependent on alcohol were in remission, a milestone reached for cannabis after six years, and for cocaine after just five.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A meta-analysis of the efficacy of nonphysician brief interventions for unhealthy alcohol use: implications for the patient-centered medical home

Sullivan L.E., Tetrault J.M., Braithwaite R.S. et al.
American Journal on Addictions: 2011, 20, p. 343–356.
It works when the doctor does it, but what if the nurse or other primary care staff counsel risky drinking patients? It still works – maybe not as well, but perhaps more patients can be reached more cheaply.

REVIEW 2009 HTM file
School-based programmes that seem to work: Useful research on substance use prevention or suspicious stories of success?

Pape H.
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2009, 26(6), p. 521–535.
According to a commentator, this "trenchant critique" of the evidence for school-based alcohol and drug prevention curricula is "unfortunately, largely on target". The focus is on methodological concerns which might undermine positive findings, and on whether these survive a programme's transplantation to real-world conditions.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Recovery/remission from substance use disorders: an analysis of reported outcomes in 415 scientific reports, 1868–2011

White W.L.
[US] Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center, Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health and Intellectual Disability Services and Northeast Addiction Technology Transfer Center, 2012.
Positive message of this compendious synthesis of hundreds of studies is that "Recovery is not an aberration achieved by a small and morally enlightened minority of addicted people. If there is a natural developmental momentum within the course of [these] problems, it is toward remission and recovery."

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Emotional compatibility and the effectiveness of anti-drinking messages: a defensive processing perspective on shame and guilt

Agrawal N., Duhachek A.
Journal of Marketing Research: 2010, 47(2), p. 263–273.
US students already burdened by these emotions reacted to shame or guilt-inducing anti-drink ads by intending to and actually drinking more, the opposite of what was intended. This intriguing series of studies may reinforce the feeling that the ways anti-substance use ads can backfire are so various, the safest option is not to try them.

DOCUMENT 2011 HTM file
Psychosis with coexisting substance misuse: assessment and management in adults and young people

National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.
[UK] National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2011.
Psychosis plus harmful substance use is a toxic mixture which worsens the prospects of recovery from mental illness. How should it be dealt with, and what are the respective roles of mental health and substance use services? This UK guideline developed by an expert group has some of the answers.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
A brief alcohol intervention for hazardously drinking incarcerated women

Stein M.D, Caviness C.M, Anderson B.J. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(3), p. 466–475.
Could just two motivational interviewing sessions moderate the drinking of very heavy drinking US women prisoners? The surprise was not that there were few benefits, but that there were some, especially after the reinforcing session usually conducted after the prisoners' release.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Female drinkers also benefit from couples therapy

on the web
The latest in what family therapy experts have called an impressive series of US studies on behavioural couples therapy for substance misuse found that the benefits extended to dependent female drinkers.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation for the treatment of patients with substance use disorders: a randomized clinical trial

Fals-Stewart W, Lam W.K.K.
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology: 2010, 18(1), p. 87–98.
Researchers have long suspected that pre-existing or drug/alcohol-induced cognitive deficits prevent patients making the most of treatments which rely on complex verbal communications and understandings. For the first time this US study has shown that psychological exercises to remedy these deficits do improve outcomes by helping patients get to grips with treatment.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
One-year follow-up evaluation of the Project Towards No Drug Abuse (TND) dissemination trial

Rohrbach L.A., Sun P., Sussman S.
Preventive Medicine: 2010, 51, p. 313–319.
Disappointing results from this first evaluation of widespread dissemination of the Project TND drug education curriculum reinforce concerns that with usual schools, teachers and pupils and usual training and support, programmes previously found effective may not live up to their promise. The possibly important exception is in respect of curbing 'hard drug' use.


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