Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
A brief alcohol intervention for hazardously drinking incarcerated women

Stein M.D, Caviness C.M, Anderson B.J. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(3), p. 466–475.
Could just two motivational interviewing sessions moderate the drinking of very heavy drinking US women prisoners? The surprise was not that there were few benefits, but that there were some, especially after the reinforcing session usually conducted after the prisoners' release.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Female drinkers also benefit from couples therapy

on the web
The latest in what family therapy experts have called an impressive series of US studies on behavioural couples therapy for substance misuse found that the benefits extended to dependent female drinkers.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation for the treatment of patients with substance use disorders: a randomized clinical trial

Fals-Stewart W, Lam W.K.K.
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology: 2010, 18(1), p. 87–98.
Researchers have long suspected that pre-existing or drug/alcohol-induced cognitive deficits prevent patients making the most of treatments which rely on complex verbal communications and understandings. For the first time this US study has shown that psychological exercises to remedy these deficits do improve outcomes by helping patients get to grips with treatment.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
One-year follow-up evaluation of the Project Towards No Drug Abuse (TND) dissemination trial

Rohrbach L.A., Sun P., Sussman S.
Preventive Medicine: 2010, 51, p. 313–319.
Disappointing results from this first evaluation of widespread dissemination of the Project TND drug education curriculum reinforce concerns that with usual schools, teachers and pupils and usual training and support, programmes previously found effective may not live up to their promise. The possibly important exception is in respect of curbing 'hard drug' use.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Brief intervention for drug-abusing adolescents in a school setting: outcomes and mediating factors

Winters K.C., Fahnhorst T., Botzet A. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, 42, p. 279–288.
Aged 16 and smoking cannabis or drinking coming up to one day in three, US youngsters identified as substance users by their schools substantially cut back in response to just two motivational counselling sessions, and even more when a third session addressed the parents at home.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Randomized trial of a reentry modified therapeutic community for offenders with co-occurring disorders: crime outcomes

Sacks S., Chaple M., Sacks J.Y. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, 42, p. 247–259.
From the USA, the first randomised trial of a post-prison therapeutic community designed for psychologically disturbed problem substance using offenders found it halved the numbers reimprisoned and did even better when preceded by similar in-prison treatment, confirmation that what happens when people leave prison can be critical.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Integrated programs for mothers with substance abuse issues: a systematic review of studies reporting on parenting outcomes

Niccols A., Milligan K., Sword W. et al.
Harm Reduction Journal: 2012, 9:14.
The first systematic review of whether integrated substance use/parenting programmes improve the parenting of problem substance using mothers found remarkably few quality studies, but enough to suggest that such programmes can improve the prospects of often highly at-risk children.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The impact of a lockout policy on levels of alcohol-related incidents in and around licensed premises

Palk G.R.M., Davey J.D., Freeman J.E.
Police Practice and Research: 2010, 11(1), p. 5–15.
Australia has been trying a novel way to curb alcohol-related disorder – banning late-night drinking venues admitting customers during the final few opening hours. The aim is to prevent disturbance-generating movements between bars. In one very distinctive area it may have worked, but in others the evidence is weak.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) for alcoholism: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Krebs T.S., Johansen P-Ø.
Journal of Psychopharmacology: 2012, 26(7), p. 994–1002.
Could a single LSD trip precipitate such a radical re-evaluation of their lives that it proves a turning point for dependent drinkers? According to this synthesis of the research, across six randomised trials it can and it has, and the results rival approved medications. Nevertheless, LSD seems unlikely to be welcomed in to the alcohol treatment pharmacopeia.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Naltrexone and combined behavioral intervention effects on trajectories of drinking in the COMBINE study

Gueorguieva R., Wu R. Donovan D. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2010, 107, p. 221–229.
Reanalysis of the largest US study of medication-based alcoholism treatment confirms that either naltrexone or psychological therapy improved outcomes more than medical care and placebos, while the two in combination or acamprosate added little. It also revealed previously invisible benefits when certain types of patients received certain treatments.

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