All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 791 documents.
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DOCUMENT 2013 HTM file
Alcohol treatment in England 2011–12
National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.
[UK] National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, 2013.
More problem drinkers started specialist treatment in 2011/12 but more successfully completed it, slightly reducing the overall numbers; scope for more to benefit from treatment is indicated by the low levels of referrals from primary medical services.
STUDY 2011 HTM file
Quality concerns with routine alcohol screening in VA clinical settings
Bradley K.A., Lapham G.T., Hawkins E.J. et al.
Journal of General Internal Medicine: 2011, 26(3), p. 299–306.
In the US health care service for ex-military personnel, 61% of patients who screened positive when sent a postal survey did not do so when the same questions were asked by their clinics, casting doubt on the validity of the test in routine practice in a service where the emphasis was more on the quantity than the quality of screening.
Ozechowski T.J., Waldron H.B. et al.
Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research: 2010, 37(1), p. 40–63.
This comprehensive US-focused review addresses the need to enrol more young problem substance users in treatment even if they at first refuse, validated methods for identifying such young people and engaging them in treatment with the help of family and others, and ethical and financial considerations involved in implementing these methods.
Williams E.C., Achtmeyer C.E., Kivlahan D.R. et al.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2010, 71(5), p. 720–725.
When a patient has screened positive for risky drinking, up pops a computerised prompt to remind the clinician to consider counselling, yet at a service for US ex-military personnel the reminder was rarely used and made no difference to patients' drinking. Why were results so different from those at other clinics?
Kisely S.R., Pais J., White A. et al.
Medical Journal of Australia: 2011, 195(11), p. 690–693.
A tax rise on 'alcopops' was on the agenda in Britain until they fell out of favour among young drinkers. Australia did however increase tax by a huge 70%. This study found no impact on short-term alcohol-related harm among the young revellers of its Gold Coast district, but probably there were broader benefits from reduced drinking.
Müller S., Piontek D., Pabst A. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 1205–1213.
Concern that sweetened alcoholic drinks ('alcopops') seduced adolescents to start drinking more and sooner led Germany to impose a tax rise nearly doubling their price. It dented their consumption among teenage drinkers, but switching to spirits and other products eroded the overall drop in alcohol consumption.
Holland R., Matheson C., Anthony G. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2012, 31(4), p. 483–491.
What happens when opiate-addicted patients are suddenly no longer required to take their methadone under supervision but can take it away from the pharmacy? In Scotland this was tried in the first UK randomised trial; patients stayed longer in treatment and there was no dramatic escalation in heroin use.
Dawson D.A., Pulay A.J., Grant B.F.
Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research: 2010, 34(2), p. 364–374.
Can you get away with asking just a single question to identify risky drinkers and even dependent drinkers? When the thresholds are suitably adjusted, asking either about frequency of heavy drinking or maximum single-occasion consumption worked remarkably well in the US general population.
Brown T.G., Dongier M., Ouimet M.C. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, 42, p. 383–391.
Can repeat drink-driving offenders be swayed by just 30 minutes with a therapist, and would those minutes best be spent in motivational interviewing or providing information on alcohol? This Canadian study hints that 'Yes' is the answer to both questions – but only hints.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
Cracking down on youth tobacco may influence drug use
Jason L.A., Pokorny S.B., Adams M. et al.
Journal of Community Psychology: 2010, 38(1), p. 1–15.
In Illinois in the USA, randomly allocating towns to enforce laws against youth smoking in public led not just to fewer youth smoking but also fewer drinking or using and being offered illegal drugs - did anti-tobacco policing spill-over to create an environment unfriendly to drinking and illegal drug use?
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