Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 779 documents.

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STUDY 2012 HTM file
The role of residential rehab in an integrated treatment system

National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse.
[UK] National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, 2012.
An audit for England's National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse finds residential services so entwined with non-residential in the treatment careers of residents that it is not possible disaggregate their contribution; since a few months of such care costs as much as five years of non-residential care, showing value for money is critical.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Universal multi-component prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people

Foxcroft D.R., Tsertsvadze A.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2011, 9, Art. No. CD009307.
In theory implementing alcohol use prevention tactics in a coordinated manner on several fronts at once – school, family and perhaps too the broader community – ought to maximise impacts, but this authoritative review found only patchy support for applying such programmes across the board to all school-age children.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Universal family-based prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people

Foxcroft D.R., Tsertsvadze A.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2011, 9, Art. No. CD009308.
Authoritative review finds that offering families of school-age children help to influence their drinking usually retards youth drinking – but typically effects are modest, may apply only to a minority of compliant and keen families, and it is questionable whether adding family work improves on well structured school drug education.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
South East Alcohol Innovation Programme: evaluation report

Lundbeck UK Limited and Centre for Public Innovation
Lundbeck UK Limited and Centre for Public Innovation, 2011.
In the south east of England a bidding exercise spawned a spate of short-term innovative projects to reduce alcohol-related harm, from which five models were assessed as most promising and taken forward for further implementation and assessment the following year – a rapid and intensive test bed from which others can learn as well.

REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Effectiveness of therapeutic communities: a systematic review

Malivert M., Fatséas M., Denis C. et al.
European Addiction Research: 2012, 18, p. 1–11
Methodological shortcomings in the original studies prevented this review from reaching a firm conclusion on the lasting benefits of residential therapeutic communities, though it was clear that while residents stayed, substance use was significantly reduced.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Achieving positive change in the drinking culture of Wales

Bailey J., Poole R., Zinovieff F. et al.
Glyndwr University and Bangor University, 2011.
This research report usefully reflects evidence from reviews and recent and seminal studies, offering guidance not just on each intervention type, but on what the most effective mix might be in Wales and by extension in the UK as a whole if the aim is to affect drink-related harm at the level of the whole population.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Whole team training to reduce burn-out amongst staff on an in-patient alcohol ward

Hill R.G., Atnas C.I., Ryan P. et al.
Journal of Substance Use: 2010, 15(1), p. 42–50.
Even more so than in a typical psychiatric ward, staff at a London inpatient alcohol treatment ward experienced high levels of stress and other indicators of the potential for 'burn-out'. Whole-team training seemed to help, reflected especially in feelings of greater competence in working with sometimes challenging and complex patients.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Delivering alcohol brief interventions in the community justice setting: evaluation of a pilot project

Skellington Orr K., McCoard S., Canning S. et al.
NHS Health Scotland, 2011.
Though drinking problems were widespread, Scottish probation and community service staff were unconvinced of the appropriateness of screening their offender clients for risky drinking and (if indicated) offering brief advice. Not a priority, was the common feeling.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Screening for alcohol use in criminal justice settings: an exploratory study

Coulton S., Newbury-Birch D., Cassidy P. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2012, 47(4), p. 423–427.
At English prisons, police stations and probation offices, offenders and arrestees in this study usually scored as at least hazardous drinkers and over half as problematic on a drink problem survey; nearly all would have been identified by a much briefer screening method usually requiring just a single question.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Alcohol screening and brief intervention in a policing context: a mixed methods feasibility study

Brown N., Newbury-Birch D., McGovern R. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2010, 29, p. 647–654.
Risky drinking was widespread among the disorder and assault suspects screened for alcohol problems and (as indicated) offered brief advice by civilian staff at a police station in north east England, but they constituted just a quarter of the arrestees intended to have been screened.

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