Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 775 documents.

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REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Effectiveness of therapeutic communities: a systematic review

Malivert M., Fatséas M., Denis C. et al.
European Addiction Research: 2012, 18, p. 1–11
Methodological shortcomings in the original studies prevented this review from reaching a firm conclusion on the lasting benefits of residential therapeutic communities, though it was clear that while residents stayed, substance use was significantly reduced.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Achieving positive change in the drinking culture of Wales

Bailey J., Poole R., Zinovieff F. et al.
Glyndwr University and Bangor University, 2011.
This research report usefully reflects evidence from reviews and recent and seminal studies, offering guidance not just on each intervention type, but on what the most effective mix might be in Wales and by extension in the UK as a whole if the aim is to affect drink-related harm at the level of the whole population.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Whole team training to reduce burn-out amongst staff on an in-patient alcohol ward

Hill R.G., Atnas C.I., Ryan P. et al.
Journal of Substance Use: 2010, 15(1), p. 42–50.
Even more so than in a typical psychiatric ward, staff at a London inpatient alcohol treatment ward experienced high levels of stress and other indicators of the potential for 'burn-out'. Whole-team training seemed to help, reflected especially in feelings of greater competence in working with sometimes challenging and complex patients.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Delivering alcohol brief interventions in the community justice setting: evaluation of a pilot project

Skellington Orr K., McCoard S., Canning S. et al.
NHS Health Scotland, 2011.
Though drinking problems were widespread, Scottish probation and community service staff were unconvinced of the appropriateness of screening their offender clients for risky drinking and (if indicated) offering brief advice. Not a priority, was the common feeling.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Screening for alcohol use in criminal justice settings: an exploratory study

Coulton S., Newbury-Birch D., Cassidy P. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2012, 47(4), p. 423–427.
At English prisons, police stations and probation offices, offenders and arrestees in this study usually scored as at least hazardous drinkers and over half as problematic on a drink problem survey; nearly all would have been identified by a much briefer screening method usually requiring just a single question.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Alcohol screening and brief intervention in a policing context: a mixed methods feasibility study

Brown N., Newbury-Birch D., McGovern R. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2010, 29, p. 647–654.
Risky drinking was widespread among the disorder and assault suspects screened for alcohol problems and (as indicated) offered brief advice by civilian staff at a police station in north east England, but they constituted just a quarter of the arrestees intended to have been screened.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Audit of alcohol detoxification at Leeds Addiction Unit

Rana A., Luthra V., Wazir M.N.K. et al.
Drugs and Alcohol Today: 2012, 12(1), p. 4550.
In a specialist hospital unit in Leeds, virtually all the alcohol dependent outpatients completed detoxification and all but a few went on to try to sustain their drinking reductions using the aversive medication disulfiram, indicative of what can be achieved in these settings.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Alcohol and drug prevention in nightlife settings: a review of experimental studies

Bolier L., Voorham L., Monshouwer K. et al.
Substance Use & Misuse: 2011, 46(13), p. 1569–1591.
In pubs and clubs, especially for young patrons, out-of-control intoxication is sometimes the aim rather than an undesirable outcome to be prevented. How in these circumstances to reduce use and harm has been investigated in the 17 studies analysed in this review.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Disulfiram in severe alcoholism – an open controlled study

Ulrichsen J., Nielsen M.K., Ulrichsen M.
Nordic Journal of Psychiatry: 2010, 64(6), p. 356–362.
From Denmark a randomised trial of disulfiram in the treatment of alcohol dependence reveals the major weakness of the treatment - that among some sets of patients, few will consistently take tablets they know will cause unpleasant effects if they drink.

STUDY 2012 HTM file
Alcohol screening and brief intervention in primary health care

McGovern R., Kaner E., Deluca P. et al.
Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, 2012.
The primary health arm of the largest alcohol screening and brief intervention study yet conducted in Britain found that the proportion of risky drinkers fell just as much after the most minimal of screening and intervention methods as after more sophisticated and longer (but still brief) alternatives.


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