All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 775 documents.
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STUDY 2012 HTM file
Alcohol screening and brief intervention in probation
McGovern R., Newbury-Birch D., Deluca P. et al.
Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, 2012.
The probation arm of the largest alcohol screening and brief intervention study yet conducted in Britain found that the proportion of offenders drinking at risky levels fell just as much after the most minimal of screening and intervention methods as after more sophisticated and longer (but still brief) alternatives.
Blankers M., Koeter M.W.J., Schippers G.M.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2011, 79(3), p. 330–341.
From the Netherlands, the first randomised controlled trial to evaluate internet-based therapy for problem drinking via text-chat conversations with a real therapist found this improved on an automated self-help option; on average alcohol intake was cut by nearly two-thirds.
Smit F., Lokkerbol J., Riper H. et al.
Journal of Medical Internet Research: 2011, 13(3), e56.
Computer simulation suggests that health would improve and/or costs be reduced if on-line brief interventions and therapy were added to or replaced conventional alcohol-related health care; these results for the Netherlands are based on a simulation model applicable as an aid to national policymaking in other countries.
Boon B., Risselada A., Huiberts A. et al.
Journal of Medical Internet Research: 2011, 13(2), e43.
Spending just ten minutes each on a drinking feedback and advice web site is leading over 2000 heavy drinking Dutch men a year to reduce to safer levels was the implication of this randomised trial from the Netherlands.
REVIEW 2012 HTM file
Computer based alcohol interventions
NHS Health Scotland, 2012.
Worth trying but unproven for the UK and the general population and need evaluating, was the message of this review for the health service in Scotland of computer-based alcohol interventions as possible ways to extend the reach of treatment and of the national brief intervention programme.
Riper H., Spek V., Boon B. et al.
Journal of Medical Internet Research: 2011, 13(2), e42.
This synthesis of nine relevant studies of non-student adult samples confirmed that computer-delivered self-help interventions offer a low-cost way to extend the public health impact of interventions for risky drinkers. Yet to be shown is that they can replace therapists for severely dependent individuals seeking treatment.
Blakeborough L., Richardson A.
[UK] Home Office, 2012.
UK government-funded pilot schemes found no crime reduction benefits from brief alcohol counselling for arrestees under the influence of drink, disappointing hopes that arrest referral would help quell late-night alcohol-related disorder. The schemes did however uncover many dependent drinkers.
Palmer E., Hatcher R., McGuire J. et al.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2011, 46, p. 1072–1080.
From the early 2000s cognitive-behavioural group therapy programmes have been relied on to improve the anti-offending record of UK probation services. Now the first independent evaluation of the main programme for substance users has found no impact on reconviction even among offenders who completed the 20 sessions.
Copello A., Templeton L.
UK Drug Policy Commission, 2012.
From national and local guidance, commissioners and services, a rounded picture of how much Britain knows about and responds to the needs of the relatives of problem drug users. Increasing recognition of needs has generally yet to be matched by systematic needs assessments or service provision.
Bonta J., Bourgon G., Rugge T. et al.
Criminal Justice and Behavior: 2011, 38, p. 1127–1148.
For the first time this Canadian randomised study has shown that training probation officers in the risk-need-responsivity model of offender supervision can not only improve their skills and sharpen their practice, but also reduce the recidivism of the offenders they supervise, among whom substance use was a major issue.
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