Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.

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STUDY 2011 HTM file
Brief interventions in dependent drinkers: a comparative prospective analysis in two hospitals

Cobain K., Owens L., Kolamunnage-Dona R. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2011, 46(4), p. 434–440.
In the north of England just a few (and often just one) counselling sessions by a specialist nurse had a remarkable impact on dependent drinkers seeking medical care at an accident and emergency department.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Does successful school-based prevention of bullying influence substance use among 13- to 16-year-olds?

Amundsen E.J., Ravndal E.
Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy: 2010, 17(1), p. 42–54.
Intriguing suggestion from a Norwegian study that taking measures to effectively reduce bullying in schools (including improving the social climate and setting clear and consistently enforced boundaries) also curbs the development of forms of substance use most associated with disturbed child development.

REVIEW 2008 HTM file
Offender coercion in treatment: a meta-analysis of effectiveness

Parhar K.K., Wormith J.S, Derkzen D.M. et al.
Criminal Justice and Behavior: 2008, 35(9), p. 1109–1135
This comprehensive synthesis of 129 studies of offender treatment for problems such as substance use found increasing treatment impact as the degree to which the offender was free to choose the treatment increased. At the bottom end, mandated treatment in custody appeared a waste of time and money.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Effectiveness of policies restricting hours of alcohol sales in preventing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms

Hahn R.A., Kuzara J.L., Elder R. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2010, 39(6), p. 590–604.
UK research is inconclusive, but international research from developed nations supports the belief that increasing on-licence opening hours leads to more drinking and more alcohol-related harm.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Effectiveness of policies maintaining or restricting days of alcohol sales on excessive alcohol consumption and related harms

Middleton J.C., Hahn R.A., Kuzara J.L. et al.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: 2010, 39(6), p. 575–589.
International research from developed nations offers some support for the belief that allowing or disallowing Saturday or Sunday alcohol sales and service affects drinking and alcohol-related harm.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Effectiveness of motivational interviewing interventions for adolescent substance use behavior change: a meta-analytic review

Jensen C.D., Cushing C.C., Aylward B.S. et al.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2011, 79(4), p. 433–440.
Not just for adults, but teenagers and young adults too, with this analysis motivational interviewing seems confirmed as the leading evidence-based approach to reducing possibly or actually risky substance use among non-clinical populations not seeking treatment.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Thinking about drinking: need for cognition and readiness to change moderate the effects of brief alcohol interventions

Capone C., Wood M.D.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2009, 23(4), p. 684–688.
This US study found that different types of heavy-drinking college students responded best to different types of brief intervention to promote moderation; a novel finding was that the thinkers among them were most affected by being led to reflect on how their drinking compared to that of the average student.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Bridging the gap between evidence and practice: a multi-perspective examination of real-world drug education

Stead M., Stradling R., MacNeil M. et al.
Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy: 2010, 17(1), p. 1–20.
An audit of school drug education in Scotland in the early 2000s found that in key respects lessons departed from what research had shown was effective prevention and that despite national guidelines, there was no consistent national or even local approach.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Cost-effectiveness of home visits in the outpatient treatment of patients with alcohol dependence

Moraes E, Campos G.M., Figlie N.B. et al.
European Addiction Research: 2010, 16, p. 69–77.
In Brazil adding home visits to a three-month alcohol detoxification and treatment programme cost-effectively increased the abstinence rate at the end of treatment.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Randomized controlled trial of a cognitive-behavioral motivational intervention in a group versus individual format for substance use disorders

Sobell L.C., Sobell M.B., Agrawal S.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2009, 23(4), p. 672–683.
For US problem drinkers and drug users not at the severest end of the spectrum, four sessions of group were as effective as four of individual therapy but took much fewer therapist hours per patient. The little research we have suggests this a common finding, commending group approaches on cost-effectiveness grounds.


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