All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 785 documents.
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Morgenstern J., Hogue A., Dauber S. et al.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2009, 70, p. 955–963.
In New York intensive case management coordinating multiple sources of support helped resolve the substance use problems of welfare applicants, but only among the women – who faced the greatest barriers to working – did this promote employment. Perhaps men would have done better being helped to rapidly enter the job market.
Li K-K., Washburn I., DuBois D.L. et al.
Psychology and Health: 2011, 26(2), p. 187–204.
In Hawaii and then the less promising schools of Chicago, a primary school programme aiming to improving school climate and pupil character development had substantial and, in Chicago, lasting preventive impacts – another illustration that focusing on drugs is not always the best way to prevent drug problems.
Velleman R., Orford J., Templeton L. et al.
Addiction Research and Theory: 2011, 19(4), p. 362–374.
In England a brief primary care counselling programme for family members living with a relative with substance use problems unusually aims primarily to improve the family's lives and coping rather than that of the substance user. Even a year later it seems to have succeeded, and the improvements accumulated rather than faded.
Lash S.J., Timko C., Curran G.M. et al.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2011, 25(2), p. 238–251.
As this review comments, people treated for substance use often remain precariously balanced between recovery and relapse. Widely seen as valuable if not essential, aftercare is nevertheless more the exception than the rule. How to reverse that ratio is the issue addressed by these leading US analysts.
Lehman W.E.K., Simpson D.D., Knight D. K. et al.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2011, 25(2), p. 252–261.
This review encapsulates the range of treatment assessment and improvement tools developed over decades by the Texas Christian University, widely recognised as the most comprehensive and systematic attempt to map the processes involved in treatment and to link these to interventions to improve outcomes for the client.
Williams E.C., Johnson M.L., Lapham G.T. et al.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: 2011, 25(2), p. 206–214.
Applying a systematic and comprehensive framework to map the strategies trialled in attempts to implement screening and counselling for risky drinking primary care patients gives some clues to what it has taken to achieve a high screening rate, the essential first step in the process.
Eckenrode J., Campa M., Luckey D.W. et al.
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine: 2010, 164(1), p. 9–15.
In their prevention themes British drug strategies place considerable weight on early years parenting support; whatever else such efforts may achieve, this seminal US study did not find any long-term effects on substance use.
STUDY 2011 HTM file
Therapist effectiveness: implications for accountability and patient care
Kraus D.R., Castonguay L., Boswell J.F. et al.
Psychotherapy Research: 2011, 21(3), p. 267–276.
1 in 6 US therapists (mainly not specialising in substance use) typically ended up with clients whose substance use problems were significantly worse than when they started therapy, an indication perhaps that social workers and mental health counsellors find these issues especially hard to deal with.
REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Universal school-based prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people
Foxcroft D.R., Tsertsvadze A.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2011, 5, Art. No.: CD009113.
This authoritative review says that school programmes which work best at preventing youth drinking problems are not specifically about alcohol at all, but instead target problem behaviour more generally.
STUDY 2011 HTM file
The effectiveness of supported employment in people with dual disorders
Mueser K.T., Campbell K., Drake R.E.
Journal of Dual Diagnosis: 2011, 7(1–2), p. 90–102.
Compared to more gradualist approaches, with appropriate support targeted at rapidly achieving this objective, far more mentally ill problem substance users in the USA were enabled to find competitive employment in the open labour market rather than sheltered placements.
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