Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.

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STUDY 2011 HTM file
Long-term effects of a personality-targeted intervention to reduce alcohol use in adolescents

Conrod P.J., Castellanos-Ryan N., Mackie C.J.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2011, 79(3), p. 296–306.
Addressing the substance use promoting tendencies of the personality traits of London secondary school pupils at particular risk of substance misuse led to less intensive drinking six months later, and there was some support for the psychological mechanisms thought to underpin the intervention.

STUDY 2008 HTM file
Reducing youth alcohol drinking through a parent-targeted intervention: the Örebro Prevention Program

Koutakis N., Stattin H., Kerr M.
Addiction: 2008, 103, p. 1629–1637.
In Sweden routine parent-school meetings incorporating parenting advice and encouraging commitment to take a strong stand against underage drinking had a remarkable impact on adolescent drunkenness – but would this simple, low-cost tactic work as well in the UK?

STUDY 2011 HTM file
The Örebro prevention program revisited: a cluster-randomized effectiveness trial of program effects on youth drinking

Bodin M.C., Strandberg A.K.
Addiction: 2011, in press.
When its developers tested it, in Sweden routine parent-school meetings including presentations encouraging parents to take a strong stand against underage drinking had a remarkable impact on adolescent drunkenness; why then did this Swedish trial by other researchers fail to replicate the original findings?

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Cluster randomised trial of the effectiveness of motivational interviewing for universal prevention

McCambridge J., Hunt C., Jenkins R.J. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2011, 114, p. 177–184.
Compared to basic drug education, it should at least have moderated current use, but this attempt to deploy motivational interviewing as an across-the-board prevention strategy among college students in London neither did that, nor did it prevent non-users starting to use, negative findings which raise interesting questions.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Efficacy of physician-delivered brief counseling intervention for binge drinkers

Rubio G., Jiménez-Arriero M.A., Martínez I. et al.
American Journal of Medicine: 2010, 123, p. 72–78.
In Madrid, unusually a primary care brief alcohol intervention targeted heavy episodic or 'binge' drinking. The result was drinking reductions which probably saved lives due to less drunkenness and less drinking overall – and both screening and intervention were done by the doctors themselves, not specialist staff.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Computer-delivered interventions for alcohol and tobacco use: a meta-analysis

Rooke S., Thorsteinsson E., Karpin A. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 1381–1390.
Computer-based and in particular internet-based therapies open doors to treatment for drinkers who cannot get or do not want face-to-face-help. This review finds they do curb drinking, but its sub-finding that they are as effective as alternative therapies should not be taken to mean computers can replace therapists.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
ModerateDrinking.com and Moderation Management: outcomes of a randomized clinical trial with non-dependent problem drinkers

Hester R.K., Delaney H.D., Campbell W.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 2011, 79(2), p. 215–224.
Does it help to add a structured internet-based therapeutic programme to web access to a mutual aid network also geared to moderate drinking? Sustained extra moderation in the form of fewer days drinking was the clearest positive effect; less clear was whether it led to greater reductions in drink-related problems.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Translating addictions research into evidence-based practice: The Polaris CD outcomes management system

Toche-Manley L., Grissom G., Dietzen L. et al.
Addictive Behaviors: 2011, 36, p. 601–607.
Experience in California of developing and implementing a system for assessing patients' needs and matching to appropriate services offers an unusually fully developed model for promoting recovery and judging the outcomes achieved by a service in the light of its patient profile.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Opioid antagonists for alcohol dependence

Rösner S., Hackl-Herrwerth A., Leucht S. et al.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2010, 12, Art. No.: CD001867.
Comprehensive synthesis of results from 50 trials finds that the opiate-blocking drug naltrexone does on average help more detoxified alcohol dependent patients avoid relapse, but effects are generally small and inconsistent. Useful, but not a magic bullet is the verdict.

DOCUMENT 2010 HTM file
Alcohol in our lives: curbing the harm

New Zealand Law Commission.
New Zealand Law Commission, 2010.
Extensive policy report from New Zealand accepts evidence that alcohol-related harm is best reduced by population level measures, including raising prices, licensing reform with harm reduction as its prime objective, and restricting the availability of alcohol through reduced opening hours, age limits and curbs on promotion.


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