All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.
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Désy P.M., Kunz Howard P., Perhats C. et al.
Journal of Emergency Nursing: 2010, 36(6), p. 538–545.
At over 50%, this US study's main achievement may have been to show that emergency department nurses can screen a high proportion of patients for risky drinking. After that point it suffered from a low intervention implementation rate, and no statistically significant benefits were found.
Calabria B., Shakeshaft A.P., Havard A.
Addiction: 2011, 106, awaiting print publication.
Though some studies may have been persuasive, this review of recent attempts to find which therapeutic approaches work best for young risky drinkers was unable to reach firm conclusions due to variability in the studies and methodological inadequacies. Still, the tentative conclusions accord with those in UK guidance.
STUDY 2009 HTM file
Developing and validating process measures of health care quality
Harris A.H.S., Kivlahan D.R., Bowe T. et al.
Medical Care: 2009, 47(12), p. 1244–1250.
Finding that a retention benchmark like that used for years in Britain was only loosely related to patient improvement led a US health service to start a comprehensive search for better indicators. Intensity of contact in the first month best predicted which services most benefited their patients.
STUDY 2011 HTM file
Shared decision-making: increases autonomy in substance-dependent patients
Joosten E.A.G., De Jong C.A.J., de Weert-van Oene G.H. et al.
Substance Use and Misuse: 2011, 46(8), p. 1037–1038
An innovative Dutch study tested a way of involving substance users as equals in decisions over issues addressed in their treatment. The effect was to give these typically submissive personalities a greater sense of control over their lives. Just as influential was the lead offered by the clinician's personality.
REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Cost-effectiveness of family-based substance abuse treatment
Morgan T.B., Crane D.R.
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy: 2010, 36(4), p. 486–498.
For suitable patients, family-based therapies are among the most effective – but are they the most cost-effective? Not always finds this US-focused review, which argues that to compete in today's financially sensitive health care system, treatments must deliver the most clinical outcomes per unit of cost.
[UK] Department for Education, 2011.
Study published by UK government estimates that every £1 spent on specialist substance misuse treatment for under-18s in Britain averts social costs totalling £4.66–£8.38.
STUDY 2010 HTM file
The Alcohol Concern Smart Recovery Pilot Project final evaluation report
Macgregor S, Herring R.
Middlesex University, 2010.
Austerity plus recovery plus curtailed treat equals more mutual aid is the formula for ways out of dependence in the post-credit crunch 2010s. But with only 12-step groups, the offer is limited. What will it take for a cognitive-behavioural alternative to flourish in England was the question for this pilot project.
Gjestad R., Franck J., Lindberg S. et al.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2011, 46(2), p. 170–176.
Compared to usual treatment, over the next 27 years introduction of a comprehensively serviced female-only alcohol treatment unit in Sweden substantially extended the lives of its patients – a uniquely convincing demonstration that improving treatment can save lives.
Zlotnick C., Johnson J., Najavits L.M.
Behavior Therapy: 2009, 40, p. 325–336.
Seeking Safety is a prominent therapy for the common combination of substance dependence and post-traumatic stress disorder, yet in this study of imprisoned women in the USA it did not significantly augment outcomes from the prison's own substance use treatment. Asking 'Why not?' generates interesting explanations.
Children and Youth Services Review: 2010, 32, p. 423–429.
In Norway, long-term continuity of care by the same adults in a family-like setting outside the home (a specially funded foster home or residential centre) was the key to a better later life for severely troubled young teenage substance users.
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