All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our partner Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 792 documents.
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COLLECTION 2020 HTM file
Focus on women
‘Collections’ are customised Effectiveness Bank searches not available via the standard options in the search pages. How do women’s substance use problems, needs and outcomes differ from those of men? Marking International Women’s Day 2020, this collection search mainly retrieves treatment research but includes some prevention analyses.
MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell D1: Organisational functioning; Screening and brief intervention
Seminal and key studies on how organisational functioning affects screening and brief intervention. Highlights a striking illustration of the importance of organisational context emerging from the unprecedented implementation drive at the US health care system for ex-military personnel. See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.
MATRIX CELL 2019 HTM file
Alcohol Treatment Matrix cell C1: Management/supervision; Screening and brief intervention
Seminal and key studies on management and supervision in screening and brief interventions for risky drinking. Highlights UK guidance which insists health service managers “must” support this work and the quandary over whether to insist on these procedures (taking time which could have been used in other ways) or to let practitioners and patients decide their priorities. See the rest of row 1 of the matrix for more on screening and brief interventions.
STUDY 1962 HTM file
The abstinent alcoholic
Gerard, D., Saenger, G., Wile, R.
Archives of General Psychiatry: 1962, 6(1), p. 83–95.
Classic description of the patient who has sustained abstinence after treatment but is still unhappy, unfulfilled and/or nervously hanging on – in other words, not really ‘recovered’. They formed the majority of patients seen at Connecticut’s alcohol clinics in the 1950s who were not drinking at follow-up.
HOT TOPIC 2020 HTM file
‘Dignity first’: improving the lives of homeless people who drink and take drugs
One of our hot topics offering background and analysis on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Putting people with experiences of homelessness and substance use problems at the centre of social policy, this hot topic asks what solutions would look like if they prioritised saving lives and improving lives.
Keurhorst M., Heinen M., Colom J. et al.
BMC Family Practice: 2016, 17(70), p. 1–16.
What do primary care clinicians think would help them bridge the ‘implementation gap’ in screening for risky drinking and brief advice, and extend the potential benefits to a greater proportion of the population? A European trial found the answer differed depending on distinctive national circumstances.
REVIEW 2018 HTM file
A review of brain stimulation methods to treat substance use disorders
Coles A.S., Kozak K., George T.P.
The American Journal on Addictions: 2018, 27(2), p. 71–91.
Already used to treat various neurological and psychiatric disorders, a review investigates the utility of brain stimulation techniques for drug and alcohol problems.
Hai A.H., Franklin C., Park S. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2019, 202, p. 134–148.
Around the world, programmes which take a spiritual or overtly religious route to overcoming substance use problems are extremely common and in some countries dominant – but do they work any better than the alternatives? This review systematically sifted the evidence from the past 30 years.
Schölin L., Fitzgerald N.
Pregnancy and Childbirth: 2019, 19(316), p. 1–11.
A study spotlights antenatal care in Scotland – one of three priority settings in a national programme to deliver screening and brief interventions. Implementation leaders discussed midwives’ roles in facilitating disclosures about drinking in pregnancy, and what happens when their professional opinions deviate from guidance.
STUDY 2019 HTM file
Impact of the introduction and withdrawal of financial incentives on the delivery of alcohol screening and brief advice in English primary health care: an interrupted time-series analysis
O’Donnell A., Angus C., Hanratty B. et al.
Addiction: 2019, early view online.
The clearest impact of financial incentives to screen primary care patients in England was the plummeting screening rate after the incentives were withdrawn. If these results are applicable to England as a whole, over the following 21 months withdrawing the payments resulted in 603,719 fewer patients being screened for risky drinking and 27,439 fewer receiving brief advice.
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