Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Why target early adolescents and parents in alcohol prevention? The mediating effects of self-control, rules and attitudes about alcohol use

Koning I.M., van den Eijnden R.J.J.M., Engels R.C.M.E. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 106, p. 538–546.
In the Netherlands, allied with alcohol prevention lessons, addressing parental attitudes to and rule-setting about drinking by their adolescent children at routine parent meetings at the start of each school year led via these and other mechanisms to fewer pupils starting to drink regularly.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Polarized drinking patterns and alcohol deregulation. Trends in alcohol consumption, harms and policy: United Kingdom 1990–2010

Meier P.S.
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2010, 27, p. 383–408.
Lead researcher on influential analyses of the impact of possible alcohol pricing changes in the UK paints a picture of the state of play in drinking and related harms in England and how far these have or may be affected by national policy initiatives in a European and international policy context.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Pathways to employment in London: A guide for drug and alcohol services

Simonson P.
London: DrugScope/LDAN, 2010.
Recommendations for British drug and alcohol services on how to help their clients gain employment based on field research and review of the literature in substance misuse and related sectors.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Is 24/7 Sobriety a good goal for repeat driving under the influence (DUI) offenders?

Caulkins J.P., DuPont R.L.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 575–577.
South Dakota appears to have achieved impressive results not by treating repeat drink-driving offenders but by requiring abstinence and enforcing this via frequent testing and the threat of immediate brief imprisonment; perhaps intensive intervention can be reserved for the few who do not comply.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A new paradigm for long-term recovery

DuPont R.L., Humphreys K.
Substance Abuse: 2011, 32, p. 1–6.
On the basis of three innovative US programmes for offenders or doctors with substance use problems, this analysis concludes that many seriously dependent individuals stop using if non-use is enforced through intensive monitoring and swift, certain but not necessarily severe consequences.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
Setting the standard for recovery: physicians' health programs

DuPont R.L., McLellan A.T., White W.L. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2009, 36, p. 159–171.
US physician health programmes demonstrate that long-term intensive monitoring of substance use allied with swift and certain sanctions and abstinence-based mutual aid and treatment can enable seriously dependent individuals to stop using psychoactive substances.

STUDY 2009 HTM file
The 24/7 Sobriety Project

Long L.
An account from the its originator of the genesis, working and impressive impacts of South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety project; rather than treating repeat drink-driving offenders, the project enforces abstinence via frequent testing and the threat of immediate brief imprisonment.

STUDY 2007 HTM file
Analysis of South Dakota 24-7 Sobriety program data

Mountain Plains Evaluation, LLC.
Mountain Plains Evaluation, LLC, 2007.
Analysis of data routinely collected by South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety project reveals that offenders test alcohol-free at 99% of the scheduled twice-daily tests intended to enforce abstinence via the threat of a bail violation leading to immediate brief imprisonment.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The impact of screening, brief intervention and referral for treatment in emergency department patients' alcohol use: a 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up

Academic ED SBIRT Research Collaborative.
Alcohol and Alcoholism: 2010, 45(6), p. 514–519.
A few minutes with specially hired interventionists can curb the intake of heavy-drinking emergency patients, but in routine practice hospital staff will usually have to do this work. A US study tested this real-world scenario and found the modest drinking reductions were short-lived.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Adapting psychotherapy to the individual patient: Coping style

Beutler L.E., Harwood M.T., Kimpara S. et al.
Journal of Clinical Psychology: 2011, 67(2), p. 176–183.
Meta-analytic review commissioned by a US task force concludes that externalising patients are best matched to psychotherapies focused on skill-building and symptom change, while those characterised by self-criticism and emotional avoidance benefit most from interpersonally focused and insight-oriented approaches.

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