All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.
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STUDY 2010 HTM file
Alcohol services in prisons: an unmet need
HM Inspectorate of Prisons.
HM Inspectorate of Prisons, 2010.
Prison inspections and surveys of prisoners and staff in England reveal a "depressing picture" of "very limited" services for problem drinking inmates, which leave them with poor prospects on release.
Brennan I., Moore S.C., Byrne E. et al.
Addiction: 2011, 106, p. 706–713.
Surprisingly, the big problem of disorder and violence associated with bars, clubs and pubs has not attracted a correspondingly large evidence base on how to prevent it. This review concludes that training bar staff to identify and respond to warning signs has some potential.
Baker A.L., Kavanagh D.J., Kay-Lambkin F. et al.
Addiction: 2009, 105, p. 87–99.
Australian study provides the first evidence that integrated treatment may be superior to alcohol- or depression-focused treatment for depressed heavy drinkers, but the lack of extra benefit in respect of depression and gender differences suggests a more complicated picture.
Koning I.M., van den Eijnden R.J.J.M., Engels R.C.M.E. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 106, p. 538–546.
In the Netherlands, allied with alcohol prevention lessons, addressing parental attitudes to and rule-setting about drinking by their adolescent children at routine parent meetings at the start of each school year led via these and other mechanisms to fewer pupils starting to drink regularly.
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs: 2010, 27, p. 383–408.
Lead researcher on influential analyses of the impact of possible alcohol pricing changes in the UK paints a picture of the state of play in drinking and related harms in England and how far these have or may be affected by national policy initiatives in a European and international policy context.
REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Pathways to employment in London: A guide for drug and alcohol services
London: DrugScope/LDAN, 2010.
Recommendations for British drug and alcohol services on how to help their clients gain employment based on field research and review of the literature in substance misuse and related sectors.
Caulkins J.P., DuPont R.L.
Addiction: 2010, 105, p. 575–577.
South Dakota appears to have achieved impressive results not by treating repeat drink-driving offenders but by requiring abstinence and enforcing this via frequent testing and the threat of immediate brief imprisonment; perhaps intensive intervention can be reserved for the few who do not comply.
REVIEW 2011 HTM file
A new paradigm for long-term recovery
DuPont R.L., Humphreys K.
Substance Abuse: 2011, 32, p. 1–6.
On the basis of three innovative US programmes for offenders or doctors with substance use problems, this analysis concludes that many seriously dependent individuals stop using if non-use is enforced through intensive monitoring and swift, certain but not necessarily severe consequences.
STUDY 2009 HTM file
Setting the standard for recovery: physicians' health programs
DuPont R.L., McLellan A.T., White W.L. et al.
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2009, 36, p. 159–171.
US physician health programmes demonstrate that long-term intensive monitoring of substance use allied with swift and certain sanctions and abstinence-based mutual aid and treatment can enable seriously dependent individuals to stop using psychoactive substances.
STUDY 2009 HTM file
The 24/7 Sobriety Project
An account from the its originator of the genesis, working and impressive impacts of South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety project; rather than treating repeat drink-driving offenders, the project enforces abstinence via frequent testing and the threat of immediate brief imprisonment.
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