Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 767 documents.

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STUDY 2011 HTM file
Effects of a school-based prevention program on European adolescents' patterns of alcohol use

Caria M.P., Faggiano F., Bellocco R. et al.
Journal of Adolescent Health: 2011, 48, p. 182–188.
The largest European drug education trial ever conducted tested whether US-style social influence programmes would prove effective in Europe. Among the successes were the reductions in problem drinking documented in this report.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The effectiveness of a school-based substance abuse prevention program: 18-month follow-up of the EU-Dap cluster randomized controlled trial

Faggiano F., Vigna-Taglianti F., Burkhart G. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2010, 108(1–2), p. 56–64
The largest European drug education trial ever conducted tested whether US-style social influence programmes would prove effective in Europe. There were probably some real successes, but these were limited and may have been artefacts of the implementation and analysis of the study.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The likely impacts of increasing alcohol price: a summary review of the evidence base

[UK] Home Office.
[UK] Home Office, 2011.
UK Home Office draws conclusions from recent government-commissioned reviews and research on the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain. Direct evidence is thin, but suggests "on balance" that policies designed to increase price may reduce harms caused by alcohol.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Alcohol pricing, consumption and criminal harm: a rapid evidence assessment of the published research literature

Booth A., Meier P., Shapland J. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2010.
Though real-world evidence was scarce, and especially so for the UK, this review commissioned by the UK Home Office concluded that higher alcohol taxes or prices are associated with decreased crime. The findings informed a later Home Office assessment of the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Economic impacts of alcohol pricing policy options in the UK

Hunt P., Rabinovich L., Baumberg B.
Brussels: RAND Europe, 2011.
Assesses who will lose or gain (alcohol industry sectors; population groups; government) from three alcohol pricing policies recently mooted in the UK: minimum price; ban on below-cost sales; tax rises. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Purchasing patterns for low price off sales alcohol: evidence from the Expenditure and Food Survey

Ludbrook A.
Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, 2010.
Poor drinkers in the UK consume a relatively high proportion of their alcohol in the form of very cheap products, but wealthier drinkers also drink these; a moderately high minimum price would spread the impact. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Estimated effect of alcohol pricing policies on health and health economic outcomes in England: an epidemiological model

Purshouse R.C., Meier P.S., Brennan Alan. et al.
Lancet: 2010, 375(9723), p. 1355–1364.
Commissioned by the English health department, the first study to model the impacts of alcohol policies by integrating data on pricing, promotion, purchasing, consumption and harm found that price rises or bans on promotions can bring major benefits. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the impacts of raising the price of alcohol.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
What process research tells us about brief intervention efficacy

Daeppen J-B., Bertholet N., Gaume J.
Drug and Alcohol Review: 2010, 29, p. 612–616.
The disappointing finding of no impact in a Swiss study of a brief alcohol intervention with risky drinking A&E patients prompted painstaking analyses of why some patients did respond, and why some counsellors had far better results than others.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
Early intervention: the next steps. An independent report to Her Majesty's Government

Allen G.
HM Government, 2011.
National UK policy recommendations for pre-school initiatives to forestall later problems including those related to substance use, based partly on a review of the most promising programmes.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The effectiveness of brief intervention among injured patients with alcohol dependence: who benefits from brief interventions?

Field C.A., Caetano R.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2010, 111, p. 13–20.
At a US emergency department, a brief conversation about the pros and cons of their risky drinking and offers of support for any efforts to reduce harm curbed drinking among alcohol-dependent patients; non-dependent patients tended to do better with assessment and usual care only.


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