Alcohol: the complete collection

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Alcohol: the complete collection

All Effectiveness Bank analyses to date of documents related to alcohol compiled for our supporter Alcohol Change UK, starting with the analyses most recently added or updated, totalling today 770 documents.

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STUDY 2010 HTM file
The challenge of external validity in policy-relevant systematic reviews: a case study from the field of substance misuse

Pearson M., Coomber R.
Addiction: 2010, 105(1), p. 136–145.
Observations by researchers who participated in the process suggest that the development of UK guidance on the prevention of substance misuse in young people was hampered by a focus on methodological purity rather than the real-world relevance of the studies included in the underlying review of evidence.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Reducing sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol for patients in substance abuse treatment

Calsyn D.A., Crits-Christoph P., Hatch-Maillette M.A. et al.
Addiction: 2010, 105(1), p. 100–108.
At issue was whether among men in treatment for substance use problems the standard one session of HIV education could be improved on by five sessions including motivational exercises and skills training. In the short term there were greater reductions in sex under the influence but these did not last.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Efficacy of brief motivational intervention in reducing binge drinking in young men: a randomized controlled trial

Daeppen J-B., Bertholet N., Gaume J. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2011, 113, p. 69–75.
Binge drinkers among young Swiss men being conscripted in to the army responded to around 16 minutes of alcohol advice by on average cutting their intake 20% more than recruits whose drinking was simply assessed, a rare demonstration of the impact of a brief intervention in an unselected population.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Effects of a school-based prevention program on European adolescents' patterns of alcohol use

Caria M.P., Faggiano F., Bellocco R. et al.
Journal of Adolescent Health: 2011, 48, p. 182–188.
The largest European drug education trial ever conducted tested whether US-style social influence programmes would prove effective in Europe. Among the successes were the reductions in problem drinking documented in this report.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
The effectiveness of a school-based substance abuse prevention program: 18-month follow-up of the EU-Dap cluster randomized controlled trial

Faggiano F., Vigna-Taglianti F., Burkhart G. et al.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2010, 108(1–2), p. 56–64
The largest European drug education trial ever conducted tested whether US-style social influence programmes would prove effective in Europe. There were probably some real successes, but these were limited and may have been artefacts of the implementation and analysis of the study.

REVIEW 2011 HTM file
The likely impacts of increasing alcohol price: a summary review of the evidence base

[UK] Home Office.
[UK] Home Office, 2011.
UK Home Office draws conclusions from recent government-commissioned reviews and research on the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain. Direct evidence is thin, but suggests "on balance" that policies designed to increase price may reduce harms caused by alcohol.

REVIEW 2010 HTM file
Alcohol pricing, consumption and criminal harm: a rapid evidence assessment of the published research literature

Booth A., Meier P., Shapland J. et al.
University of Sheffield, 2010.
Though real-world evidence was scarce, and especially so for the UK, this review commissioned by the UK Home Office concluded that higher alcohol taxes or prices are associated with decreased crime. The findings informed a later Home Office assessment of the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain.

STUDY 2011 HTM file
Economic impacts of alcohol pricing policy options in the UK

Hunt P., Rabinovich L., Baumberg B.
Brussels: RAND Europe, 2011.
Assesses who will lose or gain (alcohol industry sectors; population groups; government) from three alcohol pricing policies recently mooted in the UK: minimum price; ban on below-cost sales; tax rises. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Purchasing patterns for low price off sales alcohol: evidence from the Expenditure and Food Survey

Ludbrook A.
Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, 2010.
Poor drinkers in the UK consume a relatively high proportion of their alcohol in the form of very cheap products, but wealthier drinkers also drink these; a moderately high minimum price would spread the impact. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the likely impact of a rise in the price of alcohol in Britain.

STUDY 2010 HTM file
Estimated effect of alcohol pricing policies on health and health economic outcomes in England: an epidemiological model

Purshouse R.C., Meier P.S., Brennan Alan. et al.
Lancet: 2010, 375(9723), p. 1355–1364.
Commissioned by the English health department, the first study to model the impacts of alcohol policies by integrating data on pricing, promotion, purchasing, consumption and harm found that price rises or bans on promotions can bring major benefits. Findings informed a Home Office assessment of the impacts of raising the price of alcohol.


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